Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report. Results

12/01/2008

From the literature on public health emergency risk communication, we reviewed the relatively small portion (20 percent) that specifically addresses vulnerable populations. Most of these citations were primarily descriptive and qualitative in nature, with an emphasis on emergency response to natural disasters (as opposed to emergency preparedness or recovery related to other types of public health emergencies). Thus, the state of the literature to date offers limited empirical support for specific public health messaging interventions. However, several common themes emerged in the citations we reviewed such that we were able to identify promising strategies for public health emergency risk communication with vulnerable populations.

Our results are presented in three sections. First, regarding the primary goal of this task, we provide a detailed report of the promising strategies for public health emergency risk communication with vulnerable populations that were identified in the review. Next, we outline a more general summary of the quality and content of the existing literature on public health emergency risk communication with vulnerable populations, including the main issues addressed by relevant statutes, regulations, and other related government or organizational reports. Finally, we describe gaps in the literature related to the methodological approaches of and the vulnerable populations addressed in the literature.

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