Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report. A. Literature Review

12/01/2008

We reviewed the literature pertaining to the use of risk communication strategies for at-risk populations in any stages of emergency preparedness, response, or recovery (see Appendix A). Our review included peer-reviewed citations published in English since January 1, 2000. We reviewed the abstracts of 1,268 citations retrieved from four databases (PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, and the Social Science Citation Index) and deemed 40 citations relevant for inclusion in this review. Additionally, we searched all references dated 2000 or later in the National Cancer Institute’s Risk Communication Bibliography2 and we reviewed publications posted on the Center for Risk Communication website (http://www.centerforriskcommunication.com/home.htm). These websites, known to the authors through their previous work on the topic, were selected as supplemental search venues given their specific focus on risk communication to ensure no relevant content was missed and to validate the search strategy used in the larger databases. A citation was excluded from review if it addressed the consequences of a public health emergency without addressing risk communication; if it only addressed risk perception and not risk communication; if it only described a preparedness training program without describing the results of training; if it addressed interagency communication but not risk communication to the public; or if at-risk populations were not specifically and substantively referenced in the title and/or abstract of the citation.

In addition to reviewing the peer-reviewed literature, we also reviewed selected statutes, regulations, and other related government and organizational reports. We relied on direction from the ASPE Task Order Monitor and a targeted Web search to identify appropriate documents for review. More details about the literature review search methods are provided in Appendix A.

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