Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report. Compendium of Risk Communication Materials for Vulnerable Populations

12/01/2008

As described in more detail below, risk communication materials for vulnerable populations were identified by searching publicly available websites. Websites were scanned and reviewed for communication materials that were at the intersection of three domains. To be included in the compendium, items needed to focus on each of three criteria:

  1. PHEP, including preparedness for natural disasters, man-made disasters, terrorist events, and contagious public health exposures.

  2. Vulnerable populations, as those at-risk.

  3. Risk communication that both characterized the risk and provided information that was actionable.

Figure 1 depicts the intersection of these three criteria, including examples of resources that fit in this intersection. Many available resources address some but not all of these domains. Figure 1 also provides examples of resources that would not be in this intersection and hence are not included in the compendium.

Compiled materials have a significant focus on the needs or special circumstances of one or more vulnerable populations (e.g., those with disabilities, children, and pregnant women, etc.), targeting members of those vulnerable populations, their caregivers, and/or the provider communities that serve these populations. Some resources were targeted at service providers and not the vulnerable population specifically. In this case, we only include resources that provided actionable recommendations for communicating with the vulnerable populations and not merely general advice or considerations. Items could also address any stage of the preparedness cycle, including preparedness, response, and/or mitigation and recovery. Finally, many resources have been translated into a variety of languages (including American Sign Language). Resources that were mere translations of general population resources, without specific attention to the broader issues affecting limited English or non-English speakers, were not included in the compendium. However, where resources that met inclusion criteria are translated, these other languages are noted (in Appendix B1, final column).

FIGURE 1. The Intersection of Public Health Emergency Preparedness, Vulnerable Populations, and Risk Communication
Overlapping Organizational Chart: Vulnerable Populations -- Survey findings on disaster elder care; Children's disaster activity book; Multi-Lingual messages; Readiness tips for elderly and caregivers; Child workbook on flu prevention; Cultural compentency guide for disaster mental health programs. Risk Communication -- Children's disaster activity book; Multi-Lingual messages; Readiness tips for elderly and caregivers; Child workbook on flu prevention; Cultural compentency guide for disaster mental health programs; General post-disaster mental health guidelines; General evacuation instructions; Guidelines for getting out risk messages. PHEP -- Survey findings on disaster elder care; Children's disaster activity book; Readiness tipes for elderly and caregivers; Legislation regarding disabilities and disaster response; Cultural compentency guide for disaster mental health programs; General post-disaster mental health guidelines; General evacuation instructions.

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