Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report. Appendix A2: Data Abstraction Form

12/01/2008

The DAF was used to systematically record information from the citations included in the review (peer-reviewed literature and statutes/regulations). The DAF was developed by the research team to capture standard elements regarding quality and content (e.g., type of study, sample size, analytic approach). In addition, several items were created by the team to capture data for the specific purposes of this review, including what vulnerable populations were included in the reference, the source of risk communication and the communication delivery method, the type of pubic health emergency described, and the functional areas addressed (e.g., communication, medical care). Barriers to communication success were defined based on previous research conducted by members of the research team[72, 74], as well as a review of the literature on public health emergency risk communication.[1] Further, items to capture the primary research objective of each reference and the stages of emergency preparedness, response, and recovery addressed were included based on results of a recent literature review on disaster medicine and public health preparedness.[75] Additionally, as our working definition of risk communication highlights the importance of “actionable information,” we examined articles for whether specific functional areas were addressed in the context of risk communication (i.e., did the communication provide actionable information or instruction related to specific functional areas relevant to the needs of vulnerable populations). Finally, a field was included in the DAF to enable a qualitative analysis wherein the review team summarized the main points of each study in a free text entry of 3-4 sentences. Once a DAF was complete for all identified documents, the data were entered into SPSS, Version 16.0 for analysis. Free text entries were entered into the SPSS database, cut, and sorted into thematic categories.

1. Citation:  
2. Does the reference address vulnerable populations? Yes No
If yes:

Which ones? (check all that apply)

  who have disabilities
  who live in institutional settings
  who are elderly
  who are from diverse cultures
  who have limited English proficiency or who are non-English speaking
  who are children
  who are transportation disadvantaged
  who are pregnant women
  who have chronic medical disorders
  who have pharmacological dependency
  Other (specify; include low-income):
Evaluation of Quality
1. Type of study
  Randomized controlled trial
  Literature Review
  Meta Analysis / Systematic Review
  Qualitative data
  Observational / Survey
  Longitudinal data
  Other (specify):
2. Sample description (include gender, age, race/ethnicity  
3. Sample size  
4. Data collection method
  Focus group
  In-person interview
  Phone/Mail/Web survey
  Other (specify):
5. Measures  
6. Analytic approach
  Qualitative synthesis (includes literature reviews)
  Descriptive or bivariate analysis only
  Multivariate analysis
  Other:
7. Estimated impact of results (check not applicable if citation is a literature review)
  How novel is the study? (0-10 where 10 is most novel)
  How usable are the studys results? (0-10 where 10 is most usable)
  How rigorous are the studys methods? (0-10 where 10 is most rigorous)
  Average
Evaluation of Content
1. Type of publication
  Original research
  Statute or regulation
2. Stages of preparedness addressed (check all that apply)
  Preparedness (e.g., vaccination, education, resource gathering)
  Response (e.g., evacuation)
  Recovery & Mitigation (e.g., shelter management, safety maintenance, MH)
  Other (specify):
3. Source of risk communication (check all that apply)
  Local government
  State government
  Federal Government
  Health care provider/health care system
  Other (specify):
4. Communication delivery method (check all that apply)
  Written
  Internet
  Radio/Television
  Interpersonal
  Other (specify):
5. Intended communication audience  
6. Primary research objective (check all that apply)
  Descriptive
  Program/policy development or evaluation
  Hypothesis driven
  Needs assessment
  Other (specify):
7. Type of Emergency (check all that apply)
  Natural disaster
  Man-made disaster
  Terrorist threat/incident
  Infectious disease outbreak
  Infectious disease pandemic
  Other public health emergency
  Other emergency (specify):
8. Outcomes assessed (check all that apply; say not applicable if citation is a literature review)
  Change in awareness
  Change in understanding/comprehension
  Change in behavior
  Other (specify):
9. Barriers identified to communication success
  Emotional interference
  Trust in source of communication
  Resources to disseminate communication
  Inconsistent or ambiguous messaging
  Pre-conceived assumptions based on prior experience with type of emergency
  Other (specify):
10. Functional areas addressed (check all that apply)
  Maintaining independence
  Communication
  Transportation
  Supervision
  Medical care
  Other (specify):
11. Impact of communication (check not applicable if citation is a literature review)
  Significant
  Neutral
  Low
  Unknown
  Not applicable (e.g., a specific communication intervention was not evaluated)
12. Overall implications

 

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