Analysis of Risk Communication Strategies and Approaches with At-Risk Populations to Enhance Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery: Final Report. Appendix A1: Detailed Peer-Reviewed Literature Search Methods

12/01/2008

We conducted a review of the literature pertaining to the use of risk communication strategies for vulnerable populations in any stages of emergency preparedness, response, or recovery. Our review included peer-reviewed citations published in English since January 1, 2000. Using these limits, the search strategy in Table A1 was used to identify citations for possible review in four databases (PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, Social Science Citation Index). Additionally, all references dated 2000 or later in the National Cancer Institutes Risk Communication Bibliography were searched, and publications posted on the Center for Risk Communication website (http://www.centerforriskcommunication.com/home.htm) were also reviewed for inclusion. The review research team (EB and SS) examined titles and abstracts to filter out duplicate retrievals and to determine whether citations met additional inclusion criteria (Criterion A, Table A1).

TABLE A1. Literature Review Search Strategy and Inclusion Criteria
Search Strategy [risk communication OR health communication OR public health messaging] AND [emergency preparedness OR emergency OR preparedness OR emergency response OR emergency recovery OR public health emergency OR disaster OR disaster preparedness OR disaster response OR disaster recovery]

1268 citations identified by search strategy
 |
203 met Criterion

A
|
40 met Criteria A and B

Criterion A
  • Cannot address the consequences of a public health emergency without including risk communication
  • Cannot address only risk perception without addressing risk communication
  • Cannot describe a preparedness training program (though may describe the results of a training exercise)
  • Cannot address only inter-agency communication without addressing communication to the public
Criterion B
  • Vulnerable populations are specifically and substantially referenced in the title and/or abstract

From over 1200 citations identified by our search strategy, 203 met Criterion A. These citations represented the broad literature on risk communication and public health emergencies. To identify which of these specifically addressed vulnerable populations (Criterion B), the review team conducted a second, more thorough abstract review of these 203 citations. Forty (20 percent) were determined to substantively address public health emergency risk communication for vulnerable populations and represented the final literature sample for full review.

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"emergfr.pdf" (pdf, 2.83Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"emergfrA.pdf" (pdf, 335.97Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"emergfrB.pdf" (pdf, 1.42Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®