- The reported number of PLWHA in the United States in 2010 was 888,904.1 Almost 1 in 10 (81,100) were receiving HOPWA and/or RWP housing assistance.
- Because HOPWA and RWP serve different purposes, the proportion of funding targeted toward housing assistance was very different. Whereas two-thirds (67%) of HOPWA’s funding was used for housing assistance in 2010, a total of 3.2 percent of RWP funding was used for housing assistance.
- In general, the characteristics of participants served were similar across the two programs. HOPWA participants (which include family members) tended to be younger because HOPWA serves more families with children than RWP.
- In both programs, the majority of participants served were within the lowest poverty category (at or below 100% federal poverty level [FPL] for RWP and up to 30 percent of Area Median Income for HOPWA).
- Because HOPWA and RWP collect housing status data at different points of enrollment, it is not possible to compare housing status across the two programs prior to program entry. However, HOPWA reported that 13 percent of participants were homeless at entry.
- Although RWP housing status is measured “at the end of the reporting period” and not at program entry or exit, among RWP Clients receiving housing assistance, about one quarter (24%) were “temporarily or unstably housed,” compared to 14 percent that were not receiving RWP-funded housing assistance.
- Of the RWP clients receiving housing assistance, 5 percent were still “unstably housed” at the end of the reporting period. This emphasizes the importance of connecting RWP clients to long-term or permanent housing assistance through HOPWA, homeless Continuum of Care (CoC), or other mainstream public housing programs.
1 The reported number of PLWHA differs from the 1.1 million estimate of the total number of people in the U.S. with HIV/AIDS due to the status of names-based HIV surveillance systems in 2010.