In 2010, HOPWA and RWP clients receiving housing services were similar in gender, race, and ethnicity. Both groups were predominantly male, and half (50 percent) were African American (Appendices G and H). HOPWA participants tended to be younger than RWP clients; 19 percent of HOPWA participants were under age 18, and only 2 percent of RWP clients receiving housing were under age 20 (Appendix G).21 The demographics of RWP clients receiving housing assistance compared to those not receiving it were similar, with participants who did not receive it being slightly younger (35 percent under age 40 versus 28 percent).
Although income categories reported by the two programs are not the same, it is possible to compare the proportion of RWP clients and HOPWA households in the lowest income categories (Figures II.7 and II.8). Sixty-four percent of RWP clients receiving housing assistance were at or below 100 percent of FPL, compared to 74 percent of the HOPWA households who were below 30 percent of their area’s median income (AMI).22 This was slightly higher than the percentage of RWP clients not receiving housing (55 percent) who were at or below 100 percent of FPL.
Figure II.7. Area Median Income of HOPWA Households
Source: HUD HOPWA CAPER and APR data, 2010.
Figure II.8. Percentage of Federal Poverty Level: RWP Clients
Source: HRSA Ryan White Program Services Report, 2010.
The proportion of HOPWA households and RWP HIV-positive/indeterminate clients served at the lowest income category differed across the states and between the two programs. The percentage of HOPWA households with incomes up to 30 percent of AMI varied from 15 percent (North Carolina) to 99 percent (District of Columbia). Nine states served more than 90 percent of all HOPWA households with incomes up to 30 percent AMI (Appendix I). The percentage of RWP HIV-positive/indeterminate clients at or below 100 percent of FPL ranged from 26 percent (in the Virgin Islands) to 83 percent (in Puerto Rico) (Appendix I).24
22 The poverty guidelines are established annually by HHS and are used as an eligibility criterion for many federal programs. The poverty level issued by HHS is based on the poverty thresholds used by the Census Bureau and is adjusted annually on the basis of the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U). AMI is calculated by dividing the income distribution in the area into two groups, half having income above that amount, and half having income below it.
23 240,722 participants were at or below 100 percent of FPL, of 437,010 who did not receive a housing service and who reported income based on Ryan White Program Services Report Data, 2010.
24 State numbers reported are from the RWP Data Report (versus the RWP Services Report) and are not unduplicated across providers.