HUD’s CoC program is designed to promote community-wide planning to end homelessness, and it provides funding for efforts by nonprofit providers and state and local governments to quickly re-house homeless individuals and families. HUD sets specific community requirements regarding the collection of data on the met and unmet needs of homeless individuals and families in the geographic area covered by the CoC program.
- The 2010 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR)35 is an annual report to Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness; it contains data from several sources, including:
- Homeless Point-in-Time Count. Each Continuum is required to conduct a point-in-time count of the number of individuals and families experiencing homeless on a single night in the last week of January. The results of these counts are submitted to HUD at least every other year.
- Homeless Housing Inventory. Each Continuum is required to conduct an annual inventory of the number and type of emergency, transitional, and permanent supportive housing units targeted to individuals and families. The results of the inventories are submitted to HUD annually.
- Homeless Management Information System. HMIS data from participating communities report on the use of emergency shelter, transitional housing, and permanent supportive housing programs during the AHAR reporting period; these data are weighted to produce national estimates.