Analysis of Children's Health Insurance Patterns: Findings from the SIPP. c. Distribution of Demographic Characteristics within Coverage Groups

05/12/1999

Table 4 is a recasting of Table 3 with column percentages instead of row percentages. For each demographic characteristic it shows the percentage distribution of demographic subgroups within each class of insurance coverage. Distributions of demographic subgroups within coverage groups are of interest insofar as they indicate that the members of a particular coverage group--such as the uninsured--have a markedly different demographic composition or profile than other coverage groups. Such distributions are of value in determining how much of a specific deficiency in coverage could be addressed by a targeted strategy focusing on certain subgroups. In general, sizable differentials in coverage by demographic or other characteristics imply sizable differences in the profiles of coverage groups--and vice versa. When coverage differentials are confined to differences between small subgroups and the balance of the population, however, the profiles of different coverage groups may appear very similar. The absence of large differences in the profiles of the various coverage groups does not imply that the differentials are unimportant, necessarily, but it does indicate that a narrowly targeted policy will not have much impact on overall coverage.

Age distributions differ little across the coverage groups except for Medicaid, where children under 6 account for 42 percent of children reporting Medicaid coverage but only 25 to 29 percent of each of the other three insurance classes. Clearly the age profile of Medicaid enrollees is different from that of children with other sources of coverage--or no coverage at all--but these other coverage groups differ little from each other in their age composition. Racial composition varies substantially across the coverage groups, however. Hispanic children represent 26 percent of the uninsured and 23 percent of Medicaid enrollees but only 8 percent of children covered by employer-sponsored plans. Non-Hispanic blacks account for 35 percent of Medicaid enrollees but less than 15 percent of the uninsured and 10 percent of children with employer-sponsored plans. Non-Hispanic white children dominate every group except Medicaid enrollees. They account for more than half of the uninsured and more than three-quarters of those with employer-sponsored coverage but only 38 percent of the Medicaid population.

TABLE 4: DISTRIBUTION OF CHILDREN'S DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS BY INSURANCE COVERAGE: SEPTEMBER 1994
Demographic Characteristic Employer- Sponsored Medicaid Other Uninsured
Age of Child 100 100 100 100
    Infant (0) 4 5.8 3.2 3.1
    1 to 5 25.5 36.2 22.3 22.3
    6 to 8 16.3 17.5 14.4 15.3
    9 to 10 10.4 10 12.3 11.4
    11 to 15 28.2 20.6 29 28.7
    16 to 18 15.6 9.9 18.8 19.3
Race/Ethnicity of Child 100 100 100 100
    White Non-Hispanic 78.4 38.3 84.8 53.2
    Black Non-Hispanic 9.7 34.8 5 14.6
    Hispanic 7.7 22.6 4.2 26.2
    Other 4.1 4.3 6 5.9
Family Composition 100 100 100 100
    Both Parents Present 83.9 32.3 87 64.9
    Mother Only Present 13.3 59.7 10.3 27.4
    Father Only Present 1.9 2.5 1.2 3.6
    No Parent Present 0.9 5.6 1.5 4
Metropolitan Residence 100 100 100 100
    Metro 75.3 72.1 66.2 70.5
    Non-Metro 23.6 26.3 33.6 28.1
    Not Applicable 1.1 1.7 0.2 1.4
Region 100 100 100 100
    New England 5.1 3.1 3.3 2.4
    Middle Atlantic 14.7 16.3 10 10.3
    East North Central 18.9 18.4 10.3 15
    West North Central 9.5 6.4 16.5 5.4
    South Atlantic 16.8 15.4 13.7 16
    East South Central 6.2 8.6 3.5 8.6
    West South Central 10 8.6 13.6 18.5
    Mountain 4.9 4.5 5.6 4.4
    Pacific 13.9 18.7 23.5 19.5
SOURCE: Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1992 Panel.

The impact of group size is evident for family composition as well. While children in two-parent families have the lowest incidence of uninsurance, they nevertheless account for 65 percent of all uninsured children. Children from mother-only families dominate Medicaid due to the eligibility rules for families. They account for 60 percent of Medicaid enrollees compared to only 13 percent of those with employer-sponsored coverage. The father-only and no-parent groups do not account for more than 6 percent of any coverage group.

The only group in which children from non-metropolitan areas account for noticeably more than their share of all children is other insurance, where they represent 34 percent of the total versus 24 to 28 percent for other coverage groups. Finally, while individual regions account for varying shares of the different coverage groups, the variation across coverage groups is generally modest. Perhaps the most notable exception occurs in the West South Central region, which accounts for less than 9 percent of Medicaid enrollees but more than 18 percent of the uninsured.

View full report

Preview
Download

"sippchip.pdf" (pdf, 56.23Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table1.PDF" (pdf, 3.96Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table2.PDF" (pdf, 4Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table3.PDF" (pdf, 3.76Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table4.PDF" (pdf, 3.88Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table5.PDF" (pdf, 3.99Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table6.PDF" (pdf, 5.13Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table7.PDF" (pdf, 4.34Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table8.PDF" (pdf, 4.91Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenB_table9.PDF" (pdf, 5Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table10.PDF" (pdf, 4.96Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table11.PDF" (pdf, 4.98Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table12.PDF" (pdf, 4.19Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table13.PDF" (pdf, 5.08Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table14.PDF" (pdf, 5.15Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table15.PDF" (pdf, 4.63Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table16.PDF" (pdf, 4.18Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendB_table17.PDF" (pdf, 4.19Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table1.PDF" (pdf, 4.5Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table2.PDF" (pdf, 3.96Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table3.PDF" (pdf, 4.2Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table4.PDF" (pdf, 4.22Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table5.PDF" (pdf, 3.67Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table6.PDF" (pdf, 3.85Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table7.PDF" (pdf, 3.87Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table8.PDF" (pdf, 4.33Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppenC_table9.PDF" (pdf, 3.94Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table10.PDF" (pdf, 4.34Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table11.PDF" (pdf, 3.69Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table12.PDF" (pdf, 4.63Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table13.PDF" (pdf, 3.89Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table14.PDF" (pdf, 4.6Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table15.PDF" (pdf, 4.21Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table16.PDF" (pdf, 3.86Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table17.PDF" (pdf, 3.88Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table18.PDF" (pdf, 4.61Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table19.PDF" (pdf, 4.22Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table20.PDF" (pdf, 3.89Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table21.PDF" (pdf, 3.9Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table22.PDF" (pdf, 4.21Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table23.PDF" (pdf, 4.74Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table24.PDF" (pdf, 3.98Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table25.PDF" (pdf, 4.04Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table26.PDF" (pdf, 4.7Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"AppendC_table27.PDF" (pdf, 4.46Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®