Analysis of Child Welfare Services Expenditure Data and Child Day Care Expenditure Data: Phase II Report. D. State Expenditures vs. Number of Children Under 18


The number of children under 18 years of age is generally a major indicator of states that have the greatest need for Child Welfare Services. The ten States shown below had the greatest number of children under 18 in 1984, and together accounted for 33,456,000 or 53% of the total number (63,026,000) of children under 18 nationwide.

States With Largest Number of Children Under 18 -- 1984*
  Children Percent 1985 Estimated Expenditures National Rank
California 6,834,000 11.0% $596,600,000 2
Texas 4,811,000 7.5% $101,153,000 11
New York 4,400,000 7.0% $815,200,000 1
Illinois 3,101,000 5.0% $145,600,000 8
Pennsylvania 2,896,000 4.5% $308,800,000 4
Ohio 2,867,000 4.5% $211,300,000 5
Florida 2,585,000 4.0% $74,383,000 13
Michigan 2,469,000 4.0% $339,600,000 3
New Jersey 1,856,000 3.0% $184,900,000 6
Georgia 1,637,000 2.5% $24,640,000 31
Total 33,456,000 53%    
*Source: Bureau of Census -- 1984

Of the 10 States with the highest expenditures for Child Welfare Services, 7 are included in the States with the largest number of children under 18 years of age. While this would confirm the obvious and expected correlation between expenditures and number of children, there are some exceptions.

Massachusetts, which ranks 7th in spending for Child Welfare services, is 14th in the number of children under 18 and Oregon, which ranks 12th in expenditures, is 31st in the number of children.

On the other hand, Texas, which ranks second in the number of children, ranks 11th in expenditures, and Georgia which is 10th in number of children, ranks 31st in amount of expenditures.

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