The needs of victims of human trafficking, whether international or domestic, can be characterized as complex, requiring comprehensive services and treatment that span a continuum of care from emergency to short-term to longer-term assistance. Providing these services can take months or years; the timeline for serving each victim is
different and often unpredictable. The challenges associated with accessing timely and appropriate services for victims are ongoing. But through collaboration among agencies, including non-governmental organizations, shelter providers, health care providers, law enforcement and others in communities across the country, and through innovative strategies and promising practices, there are more services available today for victims of human trafficking than at any time in the past. And while there remains room for improvement, particularly regarding adult domestic victims, the services available to victims of human trafficking appear to be better tailored to their needs than they have been in the past.
The issue briefs in this series and the final study report can be downloaded from the following Web sites:
1. A complete listing of the programs participating in the study, along with a detailed description of the methods use to collect information will be available in the final report released Summer 2008.
2. For more information on the mental health needs and services available for victims of human trafficking, see Treating the hidden wounds: Trauma treatment and mental health recovery for victims of human trafficking at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/
3. A U visa is set aside for victims of crimes, such as domestic violence, rape, assault, abduction, and other violent crimes who have suffered mental or physical abuse because of the crime and who not only have information regarding the activity, but also are willing to assist government officials in the investigation of the criminal activity. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration services can grant up to 10,000 U visas each year authorizing the holder to remain and work legally in the U.S. for up to three years, at which time the victim can apply for a green card.
4. For more information on the challenges identifying victims of human trafficking, see Identifying victims of human trafficking: Inherent challenges and promising strategies from the field at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/
5. For more information on the case management needs of victims of human trafficking, see Case management and the victim of human trafficking: A critical service for client success at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/
6. For more information on the housing needs of domestic minor victims, see Finding a path to recovery: Residential facilities for minor victims of domestic sex trafficking at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/
7. For more information on the case management needs of victims of human trafficking, see Case management and the victim of human trafficking: A critical service for client success at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/
To obtain a printed copy of this report, send the title and your mailing information to:Human Services Policy, Room 404E
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Av, SW
Washington, DC 20201
Fax: (202) 690-6562