Access and Utilization of New Antidepressant and Antipsychotic Medications. D. Utilization of Antidepressants in Medicaid, 1995-1998


The American Hospital Formulary lists over 30 different agents that are classified as antidepressants. Most of these belong to the general class of tricyclic antidepressants. For the purposes of this analysis, antidepressant medications were grouped into 12 general categories as indicated in Exhibit VI-12 below.

Exhibit VI-12. Antidepressant Classes

Generic Name Examples and Brand Names
Citalopram CelexaTM
Fluoxetine Prozac®
Fluxvoxamine Luvox®
Paroxetine Paxil®
Sertraline Zoloft®
Tricyclic Antidepressants (Representative) Amitriptyline (Elavil®)
Desipramine (Norpramin®)
Imipramine (Tofranil®)
Nortriptyline (Pamelor®)
Trazodone Desyrel®
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) Phenelzine (Nardil®)
Tranylcypromine (Parnate®)
Bupropion Wellbutrin®
Wellbutrin® SR
Mirtazapine Remeron®
Nefazadone Serzone®
Venlafaxine Effexor®, Effexor® XR