Indicators of Welfare Dependence: 2008 Research Brief. Introduction


The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on the extent to which American families depend on income from social welfare programs.  The Act specified that analyses should include benefits from the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the Food Stamp program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program.  In response, the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) publishes an annual report, which provides indicators and predictors of welfare dependence.  This research brief highlights the key findings from the eleventh annual report in the series, reflecting changes that have taken place since the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)1 in August 1996 and provides updated measures through 2005.

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