This chartbook examines demographic and other characteristics of insured and uninsured children in the U.S. It is based on data from the March 1996 Current Population Survey (CPS) and reflects children’s insurance status during calendar year 1995. For the purposes of this chartbook, the term “children” applies to all U.S. citizens and non-citizen residents under age 18. This definition is consistent with that used by other data sources. However, charts are available that present the same data for all children under age 19. The population characteristics described by the two chartbooks are consistent with each other, with a few exceptions: including 18-year-olds raises the total number of uninsured children from 9.8 to 10.5 million but does not significantly change the overall percentage of children uninsured (14%). Eighteen-year-olds are more likely to be uninsured than children generally: 14% of children overall are uninsured, while 20% of 18-year-olds are. This chartbook was prepared by Gene Moyer, Adele Kirk, and Ellie Dehoney from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), Office of Health Policy. For further information, contact Gene Moyer at 202/690-7861.