National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: 2-Year Client Survey Files: Annotated tables display key outcomes of participation in employment-related services, attitudes toward work and welfare, and sanctions

09/10/2001

                                       Appendix Table A.1

                           Impacts on Participation in Program Activities


                                                 Sample Program Control Difference
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group   (Impact)

                                                              Any Activity
Ever participated (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    48.3    18.9      29.4 ***    svpt1t25
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    51.5    18.9      32.6 ***    svpt1t25

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    57.5    41.7      15.8 ***    svpt1t25
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    63.0    41.7      21.3 ***    svpt1t25

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    53.6    29.3      24.2 ***    svpt1t25
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    50.9    25.0      25.9 ***    svpt1t25
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    65.4    25.0      40.4 ***    svpt1t25

Columbus Integrated                                  728    48.2    24.2      24.0 ***    svpt1t25
Columbus Traditional                                 723    45.5    24.2      21.3 ***    svpt1t25

Detroit                                              426    50.5    41.7       8.8 *      svpt1t25

Oklahoma City                                        511    51.2    40.2      11.0 **     svpt1t25

Portland                                             610    63.9    37.5      26.4 ***    svpt1t25

                                                              Job Search/Job Club
Ever participated (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    33.6     4.6      29.1 ***    svjc1t25
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    15.9     4.6      11.4 ***    svjc1t25

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    31.9     4.9      27.1 ***    svjc1t25
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    17.7     4.9      12.8 ***    svjc1t25

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    37.4     5.6      31.8 ***    svjc1t25
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    39.3     5.6      33.7 ***    svjc1t25
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    26.7     5.6      21.1 ***    svjc1t25

Columbus Integrated                                  728    14.2     3.9      10.3 ***    svjc1t25
Columbus Traditional                                 723    11.6     3.9       7.7 ***    svjc1t25

Detroit                                              426    12.0     5.0       6.9 **     svjc1t25

Oklahoma City                                        511    12.3     7.2       5.1 *      svjc1t25

Portland                                             610    40.4     8.2      32.2 ***    svjc1t25


                                                 Appendix Table A.1 (continued)

                                                 Sample Program Control Difference
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group  (Impact)

                                                              Basic Education
Ever participated (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                    1890    10.1     5.0       5.1 ***      svbe1t25
Atlanta Human Capital Development                 2199    21.2     5.0      16.1 ***      svbe1t25

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment               1158    13.2    13.4      -0.2          svbe1t25
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development            1158    25.8    13.4      12.4 ***      svbe1t25

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                  1678     6.7     7.2      -0.5          svbe1t25
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills      1012     9.9    11.6      -1.7          svbe1t25
Riverside Human Capital Development               1350    49.7    11.6      38.2 ***      svbe1t25

Columbus Integrated                                728    20.7     8.8      11.9 ***      svbe1t25
Columbus Traditional                               723    20.0     8.8      11.2 ***      svbe1t25

Detroit                                            426    19.6    19.4       0.2          svbe1t25

Oklahoma City                                      511    21.4    11.7       9.8 ***      svbe1t25

Portland                                           610    15.3    10.0       5.3 **       svbe1t25

                                                 Post-Secondary Education or Vocational Training
Ever participated (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                    1890    12.5    10.9       1.6          svps1t25
Atlanta Human Capital Development                 2199    20.6    10.9       9.7 ** *     svps1t25

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment               1158    25.0    27.5      -2.5          svps1t25
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development            1158    33.4    27.5       5.9 **       svps1t25

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                  1678    19.3    19.3       0.0          svps1t25
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills      1012    11.7    12.0      -0.3          svps1t25
Riverside Human Capital Development               1350    13.3    12.0       1.3          svps1t25

Columbus Integrated                                728    15.0    12.4       2.6          svps1t25
Columbus Traditional                               723    18.4    12.4       6.0 **       svps1t25

Detroit                                            426    30.5    23.5       7.0 *        svps1t25

Oklahoma City                                      511    28.8    25.6       3.2          svps1t25

Portland                                           610    28.7    21.4       7.3 **       svps1t25
                                                                                    (continued)


                                                 Appendix Table A.1 (continued)

                                                 Sample Program Control Difference
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group  (Impact)

                                                              Work Experience
Ever participated (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890     7.5     1.0       6.4 ***     svwe1t25
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199     5.9     1.0       4.9 ***     svwe1t25

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158     4.9     1.7       3.2 ***     svwe1t25
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158     4.1     1.7       2.5 **      svwe1t25

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678     2.7     1.6       1.0         svwe1t25
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012     2.1     1.0       1.1         svwe1t25
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     1.8     1.0       0.8         svwe1t25

Columbus Integrated                                  728     8.8     2.2       6.7 ***     svwe1t25
Columbus Traditional                                 723     7.5     2.2       5.4 ***     svwe1t25

Detroit                                              426     1.1     1.2      -0.1         svwe1t25

Oklahoma City                                        511     4.4     1.8       2.6 *       svwe1t25

Portland                                             610     9.4     2.3       7.1 ***     svwe1t25

 


 

                                                        Table 4.1

                                                  Program Impacts on Sanctioning

                                                 Sample  Program  Control Difference
Site and Program                                   Size   Group    Group   (Impact)

                                                Ever informed of possibility that welfare
                                                grant would be reduced for non-compliance
                                                with program requirements (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    68.0    44.3      23.6 ***   sancinfo
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    68.7    44.3      24.3 ***   sancinfo

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    80.9    56.4      24.5 ***   sancinfo
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    82.6    56.4      26.2 ***   sancinfo

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    69.7    47.4      22.3 ***   sancinfo
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    71.1    50.2      20.9 ***   sancinfo
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    71.7    50.2      21.4 ***   sancinfo

Columbus Integrated                                  728    68.0    29.6      38.4 ***   sancinfo
Columbus Traditional                                 723    69.1    29.6      39.5 ***   sancinfo

Detroit                                              426    57.7    44.3      13.4 ***   sancinfo

Oklahoma City                                        511    44.5    23.3      21.2 ***   sancinfo

Portland                                             610    67.3    35.5      31.8 ***   sancinfo

                                                               Ever sanctioned (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    10.9     3.7       7.2 ***   sanction
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    20.7     3.7      17.1 ***   sanction

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    32.0     8.5      23.5 ***   sanction
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    30.4     8.5      22.0 ***   sanction

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    14.1     4.5       9.6 ***   sanction
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    16.3     4.7      11.6 ***   sanction
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    20.3     4.7      15.6 ***   sanction

Columbus Integrated                                  728    26.1     4.2      21.9 ***   sanction
Columbus Traditional                                 723    30.9     4.2      26.7 ***   sanction

Detroit                                              426     3.4     2.2       1.2       sanction

Oklahoma City                                        511     3.8     2.1       1.7       sanction

Portland                                             610    18.4     4.4      14.0 ***   sanction

 



                                                      Table 4.2
                                       Program Impacts on Attitudes Toward Work and Welfare

                                                 Sample Program Control Difference Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                Strongly disagree that it's easy just to stay on welfare
                                                         and not try to get off (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    64.8    60.3     4.5 **       7.5     lowlfsty
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    58.8    60.3    -1.5         -2.5     lowlfsty
                                                                                                  lowlfsty
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    56.0    50.8     5.2 *       10.2     lowlfsty
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    55.9    50.8     5.1 *       10.0     lowlfsty
                                                                                                  lowlfsty
Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    48.6    45.9     2.8          6.0     lowlfsty
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    51.6    47.2     4.5          9.5     lowlfsty
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    55.8    47.2     8.6 ***     18.2     lowlfsty
                                                                                                  lowlfsty
Columbus Integrated                                  728    53.9    52.4     1.5          2.9     lowlfsty
Columbus Traditional                                 723    57.9    52.4     5.5         10.4     lowlfsty
                                                                                                  lowlfsty
Detroit                                              426    60.4    58.9     1.6          2.7     lowlfsty
                                                                                                  lowlfsty
Oklahoma City                                        511    46.9    45.1     1.8          4.0     lowlfsty
                                                                                                  lowlfsty
Portland                                             610    55.0    51.7     3.3          6.4     lowlfsty

                                                Strongly agree that the welfare  department
                                                     tries hard to make people look for a job (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    39.5    34.3     5.2 **      15.3     hiwlfjob
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    42.7    34.3     8.4 ***     24.5     hiwlfjob

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    54.9    43.1    11.8 ***     27.4     hiwlfjob
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    52.8    43.1     9.8 ***     22.7     hiwlfjob

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    46.7    31.7    15.0 ***     47.5     hiwlfjob
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    50.4    33.2    17.2 ***     51.7     hiwlfjob
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    47.9    33.2    14.6 ***     44.0     hiwlfjob

Columbus Integrated                                  728    53.1    29.5    23.7 ***     80.3     hiwlfjob
Columbus Traditional                                 723    42.6    29.5    13.1 ***     44.4     hiwlfjob

Detroit                                              426    42.8    49.6    -6.9        -13.8     hiwlfjob

Oklahoma City                                        511    41.2    32.6     8.6 *       26.3     hiwlfjob

Portland                                             610    52.6    40.6    12.0 ***     29.5     hiwlfjob
                                                                                   (continued)




                                                              Table 4.2 (continued)

                                             Sample Program Control Difference  Percentage
Site and Program                                Size   Group   Group   (Impact)   Change (%)

                                          Strongly agree that the welfare department tries
                                              hard to make people go to school to get training (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                   1890    46.2    40.6     5.6 **      13.8       hiwlftrg
Atlanta Human Capital Development                2199    51.2    40.6    10.6 ***     26.2       hiwlftrg

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment              1158    60.1    50.1    10.0 ***     19.9       hiwlftrg
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development           1158    64.0    50.1    13.9 ***     27.8       hiwlftrg

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                 1678    37.1    27.0    10.1 ***     37.2       hiwlftrg
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills     1012    44.0    30.7    13.3 ***     43.2       hiwlftrg
Riverside Human Capital Development              1350    48.6    30.7    17.9 ***     58.2       hiwlftrg

Columbus Integrated                               728    64.6    38.0    26.6 ***     70.0       hiwlftrg
Columbus Traditional                              723    47.7    38.0     9.6 ***     25.3       hiwlftrg

Detroit                                           426    52.3    54.3    -2.0         -3.7       hiwlftrg

Oklahoma City                                     511    47.3    37.1    10.2 **      27.3       hiwlftrg

Portland                                          610    42.9    37.7     5.2         13.8       hiwlftrg