National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: 2-Year Client Survey Files: Annotated tables display key outcomes of employment

09/10/2001

                                                           Table 5.5

                                   Program Impacts on Employment, Based on Survey Data

                                                 Sample Program Control Difference Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                Ever employed during two-year follow-up period (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    60.0    58.1     1.9          3.2      anysemp
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    59.6    58.1     1.4          2.5      anysemp

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    81.3    73.0     8.4 ***     11.5      anysemp
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    76.5    73.0     3.6          4.9      anysemp

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    72.1    56.2    16.0 ***     28.4      anysemp
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    65.9    46.7    19.3 ***     41.3      anysemp
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    56.1    46.7     9.4 ***     20.1      anysemp

Columbus Integrated                                  728    70.3    62.1     8.2 **      13.1      anysemp
Columbus Traditional                                 723    65.1    62.1     3.0          4.8      anysemp

Detroit                                              426    61.6    54.0     7.5         13.9      anysemp

Oklahoma City                                        511    78.4    70.6     7.7 **      11.0      anysemp

Portland                                             610    75.8    65.1    10.7 ***     16.5      anysemp


                                                Employed at the end of two years  (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    37.4    36.6     0.8         2.2       jobstlin
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    36.5    36.6    -0.2        -0.4       jobstlin

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    54.1    49.8     4.3         8.7       jobstlin
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    48.6    49.8    -1.2        -2.4       jobstlin

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    40.9    34.6     6.2 ***     18.0      jobstlin
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    34.9    26.5     8.4 ***     31.7      jobstlin
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    34.6    26.5     8.1 ***     30.5      jobstlin

Columbus Integrated                                  728    48.6    41.1     7.5 **      18.3      jobstlin
Columbus Traditional                                 723    43.9    41.1     2.8          6.9      jobstlin

Detroit                                              426    41.7    33.6     8.1 *       24.2      jobstlin

Oklahoma City                                        511    47.6    45.5     2.1          4.5      jobstlin

Portland                                             610    49.6    34.7    14.9 ***     42.8      jobstlin

 


 

                                                          Table 5.4

                                          Program Impacts on Full-Time Employment in Year 2

                                                 Sample Program Control  Difference  Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group    (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                                    A. For All Respondents
Employed full-time  in
all 12 months in year 2 (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    14.2    14.4    -0.2         -1.4   ftpayy2
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    13.0    14.4    -1.4         -9.8   ftpayy2

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    19.6    18.8     0.8          4.2   ftpayy2
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    16.4    18.8    -2.5        -13.1   ftpayy2

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    15.9    10.1     5.8 ***     57.8   ftpayy2
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    13.2     7.6     5.6 ***     73.0   ftpayy2
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    10.2     7.6     2.6         33.9   ftpayy2

Columbus Integrated                                  728    19.6    18.4     1.3          7.0   ftpayy2
Columbus Traditional                                 723    18.5    18.4     0.1          0.6   ftpayy2

Detroit                                              426    12.5    12.4     0.1          0.6   ftpayy2

Oklahoma City                                        511    18.1    16.7     1.4          8.2   ftpayy2

Portland                                             610    16.2    15.3     0.9          5.9   ftpayy2

 


 

                                         Table 5.6

              Program Impacts on Job Characteristics at the End of Two Years

                                                 Sample Program  Control Difference    Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group  Group     (Impact)    Change (%)

                                                       A. For All Respondents
Average weekly pay ($)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890   84.37   76.08     8.29         10.9     jwklypay
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199   82.01   76.08     5.92          7.8     jwklypay

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158  121.75  118.77     2.97          2.5     jwklypay
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158  110.76  118.77    -8.01         -6.7     jwklypay

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678   94.17   73.27    20.90 ***     28.5     jwklypay
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012   73.75   52.35    21.41 ***     40.9     jwklypay
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350   63.38   52.35    11.03         21.1     jwklypay

Columbus Integrated                                  728  115.47   94.59    20.88 **      22.1     jwklypay
Columbus Traditional                                 723  101.73   94.59     7.13          7.5     jwklypay

Detroit                                              426   86.24   79.65     6.59          8.3     jwklypay

Oklahoma City                                        511   97.32   94.35     2.97          3.1     jwklypay

Portland                                             610  128.80   83.04    45.76 ***     55.1     jwklypay

Average hourly pay ($)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    2.39    2.23     0.16          7.3     jhrlypay
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    2.29    2.23     0.06          2.7     jhrlypay

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    3.44    3.24     0.20          6.3     jhrlypay
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    3.08    3.24    -0.16         -5.0     jhrlypay

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    2.75    2.28     0.47 ***     20.7     jhrlypay
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    2.17    1.71     0.47 **      27.4     jhrlypay
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    2.04    1.71     0.34 *       19.8     jhrlypay

Columbus Integrated                                  728    3.21    2.65     0.56 **      21.3     jhrlypay
Columbus Traditional                                 723    2.95    2.65     0.30         11.4     jhrlypay

Detroit                                              426    2.49    2.28     0.21          9.3     jhrlypay

Oklahoma City                                        511    2.74    2.67     0.07          2.5     jhrlypay

Portland                                             610    3.64    2.25     1.39 ***     61.7     jhrlypay

                                                              Table 5.6 (continued)

                                                 Sample Program Control  Difference   Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group    (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                              A. For All Respondents
Average hours worked per week

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    12.9    12.6     0.3          2.7     jwrk_hrs
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    12.9    12.6     0.4          3.0     jwrk_hrs

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    18.9    18.3     0.6          3.5     jwrk_hrs
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    17.0    18.3    -1.3         -6.8     jwrk_hrs

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    14.0    10.7     3.4 ***     31.4     jwrk_hrs
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    12.0     8.0     4.0 ***     50.1     jwrk_hrs
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    10.7     8.0     2.7 ***     34.1     jwrk_hrs

Columbus Integrated                                  728    17.3    14.5     2.8 **      19.4     jwrk_hrs
Columbus Traditional                                 723    15.3    14.5     0.9          5.9     jwrk_hrs

Detroit                                              426    14.3    11.6     2.7         23.3     jwrk_hrs

Oklahoma City                                        511    16.4    16.2     0.2          1.2     jwrk_hrs

Portland                                             610    17.5    12.6     4.9 ***     38.6     jwrk_hrs

Employed full-time (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    27.5    28.4    -0.9         -3.0     jft_pay
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    28.3    28.4    -0.1         -0.3     jft_pay

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    40.4    36.5     3.8         10.5     jft_pay
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    36.1    36.5    -0.4         -1.1     jft_pay

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    28.3    19.9     8.4 ***     42.1     jft_pay
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    23.0    15.4     7.6 ***     49.4     jft_pay
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350    21.2    15.4     5.9 **      38.1     jft_pay

Columbus Integrated                                  728    38.0    31.9     6.1 *       19.2     jft_pay
Columbus Traditional                                 723    32.6    31.9     0.8          2.4     jft_pay

Detroit                                              426    28.7    22.1     6.6         29.9     jft_pay

Oklahoma City                                        511    37.0    36.9     0.1          0.2     jft_pay

Portland                                             610    39.9    26.9    13.0 ***     48.1     jft_pay

 


 

                                                          Table 5.7

             Program Impacts on Employer-Provided Health Insurance at End of Two Years

                                                 Sample Program Control Difference   Percentage
Site and Program                                   Size   Group   Group   (Impact)   Change (%)

                                                                A. For All Respondents
Covered by employer-provided
health insurance (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    11.6    12.3    -0.7         -5.5     jcovheal
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    13.0    12.3     0.7          5.9     Jcovheal

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    23.6    23.1     0.5          2.2     Jcovheal
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    22.8    23.1    -0.3         -1.2     Jcovheal

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    14.1     9.7     4.4 ***     45.7     Jcovheal
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    10.6     5.9     4.7 ***     78.9     Jcovheal
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     8.6     5.9     2.6         44.7     Jcovheal

Columbus Integrated                                  728    20.1    17.4     2.7         15.5     Jcovheal
Columbus Traditional                                 723    19.4    17.4     2.0         11.4     Jcovheal

Detroit                                              426    14.3    11.6     2.7         23.3     Jcovheal

Oklahoma City                                        511    21.3    19.4     1.8          9.4     Jcovheal

Portland                                             610    24.4    14.3    10.1 ***     70.3     Jcovheal

Employed full-time and covered by
employer-provided health insurance (%)

Atlanta Labor Force Attachment                      1890    10.6    11.5    -0.9         -8.0     jbsftmed
Atlanta Human Capital Development                   2199    11.8    11.5     0.3          2.9     jbsftmed

Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment                 1158    21.6    20.9     0.7          3.5     jbsftmed
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development              1158    21.1    20.9     0.2          1.1     jbsftmed

Riverside Labor Force Attachment                    1678    13.4     8.4     5.0 ***     59.1     jbsftmed
  Lacked high school diploma or basic skills        1012    10.3     5.2     5.1 ***     97.5     jbsftmed
Riverside Human Capital Development                 1350     7.0     5.2     1.8         35.4     jbsftmed

Columbus Integrated                                  728    19.1    16.3     2.8         17.5     jbsftmed
Columbus Traditional                                 723    18.0    16.3     1.8         10.9     jbsftmed

Detroit                                              426    13.8     8.8     5.0         56.1     jbsftmed

Oklahoma City                                        511    19.2    18.7     0.5          2.8     jbsftmed

Portland                                             610    22.4    14.1     8.3 **      59.0     jbsftmed