Overview and Inventory of HHS Efforts to Assist Incarcerated and Reentering Individuals and their Families: Administration for Children and Families


Overview and Inventory of HHS Efforts to Assist Incarcerated and Reentering Individuals and their Families

Administration for Children and Families

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Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF)
Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB)

Mentoring Children of Prisoners Program (MCP)

Type of Activity: Demonstration Projects

Funding Mechanism: Discretionary Grants

Total Available Funding: $49.3 Million

Number of Awards: 149

Average Award Amount per Year: $303,504

Length of Project Period: 3 years

Federal Partners: None

SummaryMCP grant recipients provide services, both directly and in collaboration with other local agencies, to strengthen and support children of incarcerated parents and their families. This includes connecting children with their imprisoned parent, when appropriate. Grantees also cultivate mentors from within the childs family and community through:

  • Recruiting: Grantees are required to recruit a diverse group of mentors who are committed to spending at least an hour a week with their mentee for at least a year.
  • Screening: Grant recipients are required to screen volunteers extensively through appropriate reference checks, criminal background checks, and child and domestic abuse record checks, to ensure that they pose no safety risk to the young people.
  • Training: Mentors must attend an orientation and training in mentoring skills before being assigned to a young person. Caregivers and mentees also receive training in an effort to strengthen the mentor, mentee and caregiver relationships.
  • Monitoring and Evaluating: Grantees are required to provide ongoing support and oversight of the mentoring relationship to ensure that young people are receiving appropriate support and are benefiting from the mentor match. Outcomes for each participating youth are measured by such factors as academic achievement and avoidance of risky behaviors.

Background:Approximately two million children and youth in the United States have at least one parent in a correctional facility. In addition to suffering from the relationship disruption, these young people often struggle with the economic, social, and emotional burdens of the incarceration. Mentoring programs can help young people by reducing their first-time drug and alcohol use, improving their relationships and academic performance, and reducing the likelihood that they will initiate violence. Mentored young people also have opportunities to develop a trusting relationship with a supportive, caring adult in a stable environment that can promote healthy values and strong families.

FYSB began funding mentoring projects in 2003, under the provisions of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Amendments of 2001 (Public Law 107 - 133). Congress reauthorized the Mentoring Children of Prisoners Program through the Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-288).

Through the MCP Program, FYSB awards grants to community organizations that provide mentors to children and youth with incarcerated parents. Each mentoring program is designed to ensure that mentors provide young people with safe and trusting relationships; healthy messages about life and social behavior; appropriate guidance from a positive adult role model; and opportunities for increased participation in education, civic service, and community activities.

Examples of current grantees:FYSB currently funds 149 MCP grantees, which represent State and local governments, community, faith-based and tribal organizations such as: The City of Longview, TX; National Alliance of Faith and Justice; Big Brothers, Big Sisters of Sioux Land.

Location(s) of Projects:FYSB funded MCP grantees are located nationwide. They include communities like the ones mentioned above.

Evaluation Activities:FYSB is currently conducting an independent evaluation studying the characteristics of the programs funded by the MCP program and their outcomes.


Curtis O. Porter
Director, Division of Youth Services
Phone: (202) 205-8306
Email: curtis.porter@acf.hhs.gov


Administration on Developmental Disabilities

University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities (UCEDD) Projects and Products Related to People with Disabilities in the Criminal Justice System

Type of Activity: Services, Training, Information Dissemination and/or Research (varies by university center)

Funding Mechanism: Grant

Total Available Funding: $39 Million for UCEEDs

Number of Awards: 67

Average Award Amount per year: $582,000

Length of Project Period: 5 years

Federal Partners: US Department of Education (ED), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Summary: The National Network of University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research, and Service ( University Centers, UCEDDs) is a discretionary grant program. Funding is provided to support the operation and administration of a national network of UCEDDs. The grant is used to support the operation and administration of the center and additional funds are leveraged to implement the core activities of interdisciplinary training, community service (e.g., training, technical assistance, exemplary services), research, information dissemination. These centers support activities that address various issues from prevention to early intervention to supported employment. They represent a broad range of disabilities.

Currently, the Administration on Developmental Disabilities funds 67 grants to 68 UCEDDs in every state and territory. UCEDDs are designed to increase the independence, productivity, and community integration and inclusion of individuals with developmental disabilities.


Since 1963, University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities (UCEDDs) have worked towards a nation in which all Americans, including those with disabilities, participate fully in their communities. The national network of UCEDDs is authorized under Public Law 106-402 (The Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000). Currently, there is-at least one UCEDD in every US state and territory-that enabled the flow of disability-related information between community and university.

Centers work with people with disabilities, members of their families, state and local government agencies, and community providers in projects that provide training, technical assistance, service, research, and information sharing, with a focus on building the capacity of communities to sustain all their citizens.

Relevant Grantees:

Boling Center for Developmental Disabilities, University of Tennessee Health Science Center ( Memphis, TN)

Project: Youthful Offenders Project (YOP)

Contact Information:

Melissa Hoffman
Email: mhoffman@uthsc.edu
Phone: 901-448-5944
Phone: (901) 448-6511
Toll Free: (888) 572-2249
Web Page: http://www.utmem.edu/bcdd/

Institute on Disabilities, Temple University ( Philadelphia, PA)


Under Arrest-Understanding the Criminal Justice System in PA: DVD plus companion instructional guide

Individuals with Mental Retardation and the Criminal Justice System: Complete Set of 5 Training Guides

Contact Information:

Phone: (215) 204-1356
Email: iod@temple.edu
Web Page: http://disabilities.temple.edu/

C. Kent McGuire, PhD
Executive Director (Acting)

Institute on Disability, University of New Hampshire ( Durham, NH)

Project: RENEW Prevention

Description: RENEW Prevention provides services to select populations ages 12 through 20, located in Coos County. The program concentrates on at risk youth, dually diagnosed youth, pregnant, unwed females, and youth involved in the criminal justice system. RENEW Prevention aims to help youth avoid substance abuse and other risky behaviors, stay in high school, find jobs and develop strong secondary transition plans. It uses a comprehensive, positive approach that considers the influence of community, work, family, peers, and school environment for adolescents and young adults. RENEW Prevention reaches 50 to 60 young people and their families and encourages them to enroll in the program to receive services both in group and individual settings.

Contact Information:

Phone: (603) 862-4320
Email: Contact.IOD@unh.edu
Web Page:http://www.iod.unh.edu 

Linda Bimbo, MS
Executive Director (Acting)
Email: lbimbo@unh.edu

Institute on Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago ( Chicago, IL)


Obligations by Courts in Criminal Proceedings under ADA & Section 503

Obligations of Courts (state & local) to Provide Effective Communication

Contact Information:

Email:  gldbtac@uic.edu
Phone: (800) 494-4232

Oregon Institute on Disability & Development, Oregon Health & Science University, Child Development and Rehabilitation Center ( Portland, OR)

Product:  Close, D. W., & Walker, H. M. (2010). Navigating the criminal justice system for youth and adults with developmental disabilities: Role of the forensic special educator. The Journal of Behavior Analysis of Offender and Victim Treatment and Prevention, 2(2), 74-103.

Contact Information:

Phone: (503) 494-8364
Email: oidd@ohsu.edu
Web Page: http://www.oidd.org
Web Page 2: http://www.ohsu.edu/oidd

Don Lollar, Ed.D.
Executive Director
Email: lollar@ohsu.edu

Schiefelbusch Institute for Life Span Studies, University of Kansas ( Lawrence, KS)

Project: Self-Determination in Transition to Adulthood for Youth with Disabilities: The Impact of Interventions on Self-Determination and Adult Outcomes

Description: Despite the wide visibility of the importance of self-determination to achieve positive life outcomes for youth with disabilities, there is little research to document both the capacity of interventions designed to promote such outcomes to actually do so and of the impact of such interventions (and enhanced self-determination) on outcomes for youth. Researchers at The Kansas University Center on Developmental Disabilities and the Beach Center on Disability, both at the University of Kansas, and the Center on Self-Determination at the Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) are conducting conduct three semi-longitudinal, national research studies examining the impact of interventions to promote the self-determination of students with (study 1) high incidence (learning disabilities, mild intellectual disabilities, emotional/behavioral disorders, etc.), (study 2) low incidence disabilities (moderate to severe intellectual disabilities, multiple disabilities, severe autism), and (study 3) students who are at-risk for poor adult outcomes (students with disabilities from foster systems, students who have had interactions with the juvenile justice system, etc.) on student self-determination and on the impact of self-determination on adult outcomes and quality of life.

The third study involves a randomized control study of 100 youth receiving special education who are in the foster care system and are between the ages of 16 and 21. This group of students is disproportionately represented in special education (40-50%) and is at high risk for homelessness, unemployment and involvement with the juvenile justice and adult criminal systems. The intervention evaluated is intensive, based on the Center on Self-Determination's TAKE CHARGE for the future program and is implemented through non-school settings, such as the students foster care setting, Independent Living programs and one-stops. After three years of intensive treatment, the final two years will examine adult employment, post-secondary education, independent living, and community integration outcomes through a follow-along study component.

Contact Information:

Michael Wehmeyer
Executive Director
Email: wehmeyer@ku.edu
Phone: (785) 864-0723
Phone 2: (785) 864-4295
Web Page: http://kuccd.org

Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities, Vanderbilt University ( Nashville, TN)

Project: Vanderbilt Kennedy Center Partnership with Davidson County Mental Health Court

Description: The Vanderbilt Kennedy Center (VKC) partnered with Judge Dan Eisenstein of the Davidson County Mental Health Court to find solutions to the alarmingly high number of young adults in prison who have intellectual disabilities and co-occurring psychiatric and substance abuse issues.  Each month, Elisabeth Dykens, Ph.D. and Judge Eisenstein bring together state commissioners in mental retardation, mental health, and substance abuse to discuss specific individuals and find solutions to their care.  In doing so, they developed a pilot residential and treatment program, which now includes an innovative art therapy piece offered through the VKC recreation and arts program.  Next steps are to publish a manuscript on the characteristics, prevalence and needs of these young people, as well as others with intellectual disabilities in our local court system.  They are also developing plans to expand the residential and day treatment program that can move these vulnerable individuals out of prison and into treatment.

Contact Information:

Phone: (615) 322-8240
Toll Free: (866) 936-8852
Email: ucedd@vanderbilt.edu
Web Page: http://kc.vanderbilt.edu/kennedy/ucedd/
Web Page 2: http://www.familypathfinder.org

Elisabeth M. Dykens, PhD
Executive Director
Email: Elisabeth.dykens@vanderbilt.edu

Locations of Projects: See Above

Evaluation Activities: N/A

Future Prospects: The Statutory Authority for this funding opportunity is the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (DD Act of 2000) (42 U.S.C. 15001, et seq.). According to Section 152 of the DD Act of 2000, grants must be made to each UCEDD that existed in the preceding Fiscal Year that meets the requirements of subtitle D.


Administration on Developmental Disabilities (ADD)
Office of the Commissioner
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
370 L'Enfant Promenade, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20447 
Phone number: 202.690.6590

Website: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/add/index.html

Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE)

Projects in Support of the Prisoner Reentry Initiative (PRI)

Type of Activity: Demonstration Projects

Funding Mechanism: Discretionary grants under section 1115 of the Social Security Act. Grant awards represent 29 percent of total costs; state grantees provide 5 percent; the remaining 66 percent is regular FFP.

Total Available Funding: $2,753,748 is available in total project funds (the sum of the 29 percent grant award of $798,587, state 5-percent contribution of $137,687 and 66-percent FFP of $1,817,473).

Number of Awards: 7

Award Amount over the 3-year Period: $395,982 (Average)

$148,920 - $517,241 (Range)

Length of Project Period: 3 years; September 2009 - September 2012

Federal Partners: State grantees

Summary: OCSE awarded grants to child support enforcement agencies in states in which PRI projects were funded in 2007 or 2008 through the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) and United States Department of Labor (DOL). Child support agencies were invited to submit proposals that provided child support services in support of the PRI projects in their state.

Grantees have discretion to provide services meeting the pre- and/or post-release needs of their targeted clientele. Among services provided: educating participants on the value of both parents connecting emotionally with their child, the importance of financially supporting their child and successful communication methods; providing information about child support obligations and case management to address offenders arrearage and monthly payments; establishing court-ordered paternity; conducting conflict resolution and co-parent education; removing barriers that reentering parents face with respect to the payment of current child support while improving their family connections through partnerships with public, private, and faith-based organizations; finding employment.

Background: Many parents in the child support caseload have a criminal background and, in FY 2007, 16 to 18 percent of child support arrears were held by incarcerated or recently released obligors.  These reasons and others argued for a partnership among OCSE, DOJ and DOL that would help noncustodial parents address their child support case issues and reduce recidivism by helping recently released offenders find work and access to other critical services in their communities.

Current grantees:

Florida Department of Revenue, Child Support Enforcement; Iowa Department of Human Services, Child Support Recovery Unit; Kansas Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services; State of Massachusetts Department of Revenue, Child Support Enforcement Division; Minnesota Department of Human Services, Child Support Enforcement Division; Ohio Office of Child Support; Oklahoma Department of Human Services, Child Support Services; Tennessee Department of Human Service, Child Support Services

For a summary of each PRI application visit: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/grants/abstracts/fy2009_1115_abstracts.html

Location(s) of Projects: Florida (Duval County); Iowa (Second Judicial District-22 counties); Kansas (Lansing Correctional Facility); Minnesota (Minneapolis and St. Paul); Ohio (Franklin County); Oklahoma (Tulsa); and Tennessee (Davidson County).

Evaluation Activities: Each grant conducts its own process and outcome evaluation. Final reports are expected by the end of January, 2013.

Future Prospects: Special one-time appropriation.


Shirley Decker
Discretionary Grants Coordinator
OCSE/Division of State, Tribal and Local Assistance
Phone: (202) 401-5291

Michael Ginns
Region I
Phone: (617) 565-1578
Email:  michael.ginns@acf.hhs.gov


Office of Family Assistance (OFA)

Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage, and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated Fathers and their Partners (FY 06-10)

Funding Mechanism: Grant

Total Available Funding: $4 million

Number of Awards: 12

Average Award Amount per Year: $400,000

Length of Project Period: 5 years, 2006-2011

Federal Partners: None

Summary: These grants, part of the larger ACF Responsible Fatherhood Initiative, funded programs with the primary purpose of promoting and strengthening marriage. In addition to marriage strengthening activities, grantees may also provide other authorized activity areas that improve parenting and promote economic stability. These grants focus only on fathers who are currently or very recently under criminal justice supervision. Additionally, marriage activities are the primary focus of these grants, although parenting and/or employment services can also be provided in order to strengthen the viability of the family unit. Grantee approaches involve stakeholders from the criminal justice system, as well as include diverse community sectors (e.g., government, schools, faith-based communities, healthcare and businesses). Grantees address and consider issues of couples separated by geography; the continuity of services between prison and the community; the integration of MFS services into existing reentry programs; linkages with other service approaches to families with an incarcerated parent, (e.g., mentoring children of prisoners); and the risk factors that must be considered in program planning, (e.g., domestic violence).

Background: The purpose of the Responsible Fatherhood Initiative, funded by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2006, is to promote responsible fatherhood by funding programs that support healthy marriage activities, promote responsible parenting, and foster economic stability. The Fatherhood programs enable fathers to improve their relationships and reconnect with their children. The programs help fathers overcome obstacles and barriers that often prohibit them from being the most effective and nurturing parents. While the primary goal of the initiative is to promote responsible fatherhood in all of its various forms, an essential point is to encourage responsible fatherhood within the context of marriage. Research shows that two-parent married families are the most effective environment for raising children.

Grantees: Child and Family Services of New Hampshire, Indiana Department of Corrections, Maryland Department of Human Resources, New Jersey Department of Corrections, Shelby County Division of Corrections (Memphis, TN), Centerforce (Bay Area, CA), Council on Crime and Justice (Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN), Lutheran Social Services of South Dakota, Oakland Livingston Human Service Agency (MI), Osborne Association (New York), People of Principle (West Texas), Ridge Project (Northwest Ohio).

Evaluation Activities: Seven-year implementation and impact evaluation being performed by RTI International, under contract to the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE). For more information on this evaluation, see the ASPE section of this compendium.

Future Prospects: None


Charles Sutton, Project Officer
Phone: (202) 401-5078
Email: Charles.Sutton@acf.hhs.gov

Robin McDonald
Phone: (202) 401-5587
Email: Robin.McDonald@ach.hhs.gov

Geneva Ware-Rice, ACF
Phone: (202) 205-8354
Email: Geneva.Warerice@acf.hhs.gov


Office of Head Start

Fathers for Life

Type of Activity: Demonstration and program services

Funding Mechanism: Head Start Innovation and Improvement Project Grant

Total Available Funding: (none at this time)

Number of Awards: 1

Award Amount: $999,917

Length of Project Period: 3 years (July 2008- June 2011)

Federal Partners: N/A

Summary: The Office of Head Start (OHS) funded the Family Support Division (FSD), within the Missouri Department of Social Services to support incarcerated fathers or fathers under supervision of the probation or parole system. The project, titled Fathers for Life was funded for three years (from 2005- 2008). Materials developed through the project will be available online free of charge for program use, beginning October 2010.

The programs five primary objectives are to:

  • Support children currently enrolled in Head Start/Early Head Start who have incarcerated fathers, and increase referrals of eligible children with incarcerated fathers into Head Start/Early Head Start.
  • Provide parenting support to incarcerated fathers and fathers under supervision of probation/parole whose children are enrolled in or eligible to enroll in Head Start/Early Head Start.
  • Improve family well-being for families of children enrolled in or eligible for Head Start/Early Head Start, whose fathers are incarcerated/on probation or parole.
  • Provide training and resources to Head Start/Early Head Start teachers, service coordinators (ex. Family Advocates, Family Service Workers, etc.), and other professionals working with children of incarcerated parents and their families.
  • Develop a statewide plan to address the effects of incarceration and poverty on young children and their families.

Background: The purpose of the grant was to strengthen low-income families with children that have incarcerated fathers or fathers under supervision of the probation and parole system.

Grantee: Missouri Department of Social Services

Location of Projects: Community Action Partnership of Greater St. Joseph; East Missouri Action Agency and Grace Hill Settlement House; Children's Therapy Center Early Head Start, Sedalia; YMCA-Kansas City; Head Start, Independence School District; Head Start, Kansas City; Ozark Area Community Action Agency Head Start, Springfield; Douglass Community Services Head Start, Hannibal; Northeast Mo. Community Action Agency Head Start, Kirksville; and South Central Mo. Community Action Agency Head Start, Winona

Evaluation Activities: Evaluation conducted by the University of Missouri Institute for Human Development. The final report was submitted to the Missouri Department of Social Services Family Support Division. Available online: http://www.fatherhood.org/Document.Doc?id=50

Future Prospects: Materials developed through the project is available online free of charge for program use


Mia Hendricks
Program Analyst, Office of Head Start
Email: Mia.Hendricks@acf.hhs.gov
Phone: (202) 358-3245

Head Start/Early Head Start

Type of Activity: Head Start and Early Head Start Program Services

Funding Mechanism: Ongoing Head Start grant

Total Available Funding: Amounts allocated by grantees in their ongoing Head Start grant

Number of Awards: N/A

Award Amount: No special awards have been made  Grantees utilize their ongoing Head Start grant to serve this group of individuals.

Length of Project Period: Head Start grants are refunded annually

Federal Partners: Office of Head Start

Summary:Almost all Head Start/Early Head Start programs enroll children of incarcerated/formerly incarcerated families. For example, Region VI reports that 2,224 of the children enrolled in the 2008-09 school year had an incarcerated parent. Due to the requirements regarding income eligibility, Region VI grantees typically serve at least 1 or 2 children of incarcerated individuals per school year. Some grantees report higher numbers, 3 to 4 children.

Background: See above

Examples of current grantees: See entries for Region VI Incarcerated Parents Outreach Programs and Puget Sound Educational Service District.

Location(s) of Projects: N/A

Evaluation Activities: Grantees evaluate services and referrals for all families, including those with incarcerated/formerly incarcerated parents, by implementing family partnership agreements and follow-up activities.

Future Prospects: Grantees should continue to serve this population as a part of their ongoing Head Start funding allocations. We are not aware of the availability of any special one-time appropriations from the Office of Head Start.


Susan Johnston
Regional Program Manager, Region VI 
Phone: (214)767-8844
Email: susan.johnston@acf.hhs.gov

Amanda Bryans
Director, Education and Comprehensive Services Division
Phone: (202) 205-9380
Email: Amanda.bryans@acf.hhs.gov

Incarcerated Parents Outreach Programs  PEACE, Inc.

Type of Activity: Program services

Funding Mechanism: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)  Early Head Start Expansion

Total Available Funding: $2 Million

Number of Awards: 2

Award Amount: FY2010 - $1,017,411

FY2011 - $1,079,820

*A portion of the award amount will be used to support the Incarcerated Parents Outreach Program

Length of Project Period: November, 2009 - September, 2011. (The program has operated for 11 years with non-federal funds. AARA expansion funding will support the project for a two year period)

Federal Partners: N/A

Summary:The "locally designed" Jamesville Correctional and Early Head Start Program serve a total of 16 inmates and their children who reside in the community with relatives or in foster care homes.  Jamesville is a facility that incarcerates males and females, both of whom are enrolled in Early Head Start program.   Incarcerated women who are pregnant are enrolled into the program to be educated about parenthood and appropriate self-care.  Newborn children are allowed to stay with their mother at the facility for a maximum of one year.  All Early Head Start children and their custodial parent or guardians receive transportation to socializations that are held at the facility twice a month. 

The Family Advocates work individually with the incarcerated parent and complete weekly home visits with the families/ children in the community.  During the socializations, child development, parent/ child interaction activities and educational activities are conducted. 

The grantee employs a Transitional Family Advocate to work with inmates as they are transitioning back into the community.  The Transitional Family Advocate assists with locating housing, employment and of course works to ensure regular contact with the Early Head Start enrolled child.  This person works with a caseload of 26 inmates.

Background: See Above

Current Grantee: PEACE, Inc.

Location of Projects: Syracuse, NY

Evaluation Activities: N/A

Future Prospects: As a result of AARA expansion funding the grantee expanded the number of slots, education sessions, and monthly socialization sessions to four per month.


Ms. Jernois Ridley
Head Start Director, PEACE, Inc.
Phone: (315) 470-3300
Email: jernois.ridley@peace-caa.org

Incarcerated Parents Outreach Programs  Chautauqua Opportunities

Type of Activity:  Program services

Funding Mechanism:: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)  Head Start Expansion

Total Available Funding: $1.3 Million

Number of Awards: 2

Award Amount: FY2010 - $714,000

FY2011 - $641,920

*A portion of the award amount will be used to support the Incarcerated Parents Outreach Program

Length of Project Period: September, 2009 - September 2011 (The overall program has operated since January 2010. AARA expansion funding will support the project for a two year period.)

Federal Partners:  N/A

Summary:Through the availability of Head Start ARRA expansion funds, Chautauqua Opportunities, Inc. Head Start implemented a model for an un-served and "High Risk" populations that included families that are homeless, involved with kinship or have a family member that is Incarcerated  or involved with Probation. Through this initiative, formal partnerships have been formed with the local Chautauqua County Jail and Chautauqua County Probation Department. The program is fully enrolled and includes 54 center-based and 24 home-based slots.

Family services are coordinated through an inter-agency Multi Disciplinary Team (MDT) that includes Self Sufficiency Facilitators and Licensed Social Workers. They provide strength based and outcome based services to families.  Baseline data has been obtained on all families through evidence based measurement system utilizing a family matrix system. The matrices evaluate families in life areas such as employment, housing, education, legal issues, physical and mental health, substance abuse, and relationships. Family progress will continue to be measured along continuums of care that range from "in Crisis" to "thriving" which will allow for ongoing outcome measurement of family progress.

"Long Distance Dads" is a curriculum that is being utilized with incarcerated fathers of Head Start children that will maintain communication and foster positive relationships.

Background: See Above

Current Grantees: Chautauqua Opportunities

Location of Projects: Dunkirk, NY

Evaluation Activities: N/A

Future Prospects: See Above


Ms. Kathleen Webster
Head Start Director, Chautauqua Opportunities
Phone: (716) 366-3333
Email: kwebster@chautoppp.org

Puget Sound Educational Service District (ESD)

Type of Activity: Program Services

Funding Mechanism: The primary funding source is a portion of the Early Head Start (EHS) federal funds given to Puget Sound ESD (10CH0104). The women who have their children in the child care center also receive Working Connections Child Care subsidies through Washington State. The Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) contributes staff time as well as facilities and maintenance costs associated with the parent living space, the child care center, parent meeting space and staff office space.

Total Available FundingTotal amount for the EHS grant is $1,655,838 for operations (PA25) and $41,396 for Training and Technical Assistance (PA1126) to serve 125 total children. The EHS WCCW partnership will serve 8 pregnant women/children in FY11 using approximately $220,000.

Number of Awards: 1

Award Amount: Same as total available funding

Length of Project Period: Ongoing discretionary EHS funding

Federal Partners: EHS and Child Care (through State Subsidies)

There are also many community partnerships that contribute to the success of this program including:

  • Rebuilding families: Community volunteers offer transitional support to women releasing to Pierce, Kitsap and King Counties
  • Baby Read: Washington State Library volunteer coordinates early literacy program where WCCW staff volunteer off-duty time to read and sing with children on J Unit and in the Child Development Center
  • Doula Volunteers: Weekly childbirth preparation classes and childbirth support

Summary: The incarcerated mothers who enroll their child in EHS at WCCW are first chosen to be part of the Residential Parenting Program ( RPP). RPP is a collaborative effort between Puget Sound ESD Early Head Start and the Department of Corrections and is the only on-site state licensed child development center funded by Early Head Start.

Eligibility to enter the RPP program includes:

  • Must be pregnant before becoming incarcerated
  • Must be classified as minimum custody
  • Must be willing to meet program standards
  • Must be eligible for release by the time the child reaches thirty months old

Home based services include:

  • Enrolled prenatally with bi-weekly home visits
  • Weekly home visits when baby is born
  • New Moms Group (socializationgroup) meets twice monthly

Center based services include:

  • State-licensed childcare with WCCC childcare subsidy
  • One month and older when Mom returns to "programming"
  • Monthly home visits

Background: The WCCW RPP and Early Head Start program began in 1999. It is seen in the community as a model program that reduces recidivism, increases mother/child bonding and attachment, and positively affects many inmates and staff at WCCW.

Current grantee: Puget Sound Educational Service District

Location(s) of Projects: Gig Harbor, WA

Evaluation Activities: N/A at this time.

Future Prospects: The program will continue as it is now as long as Early Head Start and state corrections funding is available. It has served over 100 babies and their mothers. Because of space restrictions in the prison, there are no plans to expand this program.


Melissa Calhoun
OHS Program Specialist, Region X
Phone: (206)615-2557
Email: melissa.calhoun@acf.hhs.gov

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Last updated: 02/25/11