In passing the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA, P.L. 105-89), the Congress recognized the growing practice of using relatives as licensed foster parents in many States and communities in the United States. As a step toward building a better understanding upon which to base future policy and legislative decisions, the Congress requeste
Almost all studies that have collected data on the income of kinship caregivers have found that they are significantly poorer than non-kin foster parents (Barth et al., 1994; Beeman et al., 1996; Berrick et al., 1994; Brooks and Barth, 1998; Chipungu et al., 1998; Gebel, 1996; Geen and Clark, 1999; Le Prohn, 1994; Zimmerman et al., 1998). For exam
2.2.1. Categorical Eligibility for Medicaid
For decades, people have qualified for Medicaid benefits based on categorical eligibility. The two most common eligibility categories have been as follows:
The Covered Families and Children population--parents, children, and pregnant women whose household income is at or below the income eli
In 2010, the year for the data estimates, the federal poverty threshold was $11,344 for a single adult and $17,552 for a family of three with one child. Twice the poverty level was $22,688 for a single adult and $35,104 for a family of three ( http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/threshld/ ).
Unless specified otherwise, statistics are ba
The target population for these briefs is defined by the income of the family in which they live. The exact income that puts these men into the low-income category depends on the size of the family and the income of all of its members. Personal income is the income earned or otherwise received by the individual low-income man.
Employment status can be measured in a number of ways. This brief uses several definitions for a more complete picture of low-income men’s connections to work. In addition to the official unemployment rate, we examine men’s participation in the labor force and their engagement in part-time work.
The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 directed the Secretary of HHS to develop this report to Congress. This report was prepared with the input of the Advisory Panel on Kinship Care which met in October 1998 and January 1999. The report has two parts. Part I reviews the academic and related research literature on kinship care, including what
Educational disparities have direct and immediate consequences in the labor market, and these disparities tend to be exacerbated during a recession. But for men of color, the employment gap—whether measured by unemployment rates or employment-to-population ratios7—remains large in good times and in bad. The unemployment rate among African Amer
We concentrate on the experiences and challenges of men at the margins between the age of 18 and 44, when most American males are actively engaged in productive activities such as working and building skills, forming and strengthening families, and linking to social institutions. Focusing on this age group, we will not cover childhood, except wher
Potential informal networks and actual care networks of older adults living outside nursing homes are shown in Table 5. Only 2.5% of those receiving assistance and about 1.2% of those receiving no assistance had no informal network members. The mean size of the potential network is relatively stable across levels of care, approximately 4.0-4.1 acr
Children with employed mothers were more than twice as likely to participate in non-parental ECE as those with mothers who were not employed: four-in-five children with an employed mother were in some type of non-parental care arrangement, compared to only one-in-three children with mothers who were not employed. For children younger than three, t
Alperstein, G., Rappaport, C., & Flanigan, J.M. (1987). Health problems of homeless children in New York City. American Journal of Public Health, 78, 1232-1233.
Barrow, S. M. & Laborde, N. D. (2008). Invisible mothers: Parenting by homeless women separated from their children. Gender Issues, 25 , 157–172.
Barrow, S. M., & Lawi
Compared to the national average, adults in these areas were twice as likely to not graduate from high school and almost three times less likely to have a bachelor’s degree, on average. These areas are home to less than four percent of the Nation’s population over the age of 24. However, over eight percent of the population older than 24 that
In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty area, only 45 percent of the working-age population (age 16 and older) is employed, or looked at differently, the modal adult is jobless (i.e., unemployed or not in the labor force). The national employment-to-population ratio for the same time period (2007-2011) was 59 percent. Among all poor indiv
More than half of the households with children (53 percent) in metropolitan concentrated poverty areas are headed by single females. This compares to 26 percent of all U.S. households and 60 percent of households living in poverty. Although these zips codes are home to just over four percent of the Nation’s households with children, more than ei
In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty ZCTA, the teen birth rate is 2.25 times higher than the national rate of 27 births per thousand females ages 15 to 19. 6 The teen birth rate in high poverty ZCTAs was 63 for every 1,000 young women ages 15 to 19, and in every region it was at least twice the national level, on average. In one quart
In light of recent policy changes in support of domestic violence screening in health care settings, this policy brief presents the state of practice and research on this preventive service. The brief discusses reasons for screening in health care settings, the current prevalence of screening and reasons this prevalence is relatively low, existing