MAXIMUS, Inc. April 1988 This report was prepared under contract #HHS-100-85-0004 between HHS's Office of Social Services Policy (now the Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy) and MAXIMUS, Inc. For additional information about this subject, you can visit the ASPE home page at http://aspe.hhs.gov. The Project Officer was Sha
Service Utilization and the Individual, Family, and Neighborhood Characteristics of Children with Disabilities in Illinois
Robert Goerge, Lucy Mackey-Bilaver, Bong Joo Lee, David Koepke and Allison Harris
An Exploratory Study of Barriers and Incentives to Improving Labor Force Participation Among Persons with Significant Disabilities: Final Report
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Screening and Assessment in TANF/Welfare-to-Work: Ten Important Questions TANF Agencies and Their Partners Should Consider
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Screening and Assessment in TANF/Welfare-to-Work: Ten Important Questions TANF Agencies and Their Partners Should Consider Executive Summary
Terri S. Thompson, Asheley Van Ness and Carolyn T. O'Brien The Urban Institute December 2001
Program evaluations can play an important role in formulating goals, objectives, and implementation strategies for a variety of planning activities throughout the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Program evaluations also tell us whether our efforts are successful. While there are still gaps in what we know, we now are beginning to as
In some cases, achieving our strategic goals and objectives may be impeded by factors that are beyond the control of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). For example, national or local economic conditions can influence whether we are successful in helping families on welfare become economically independent. In some cases, there may b
HHS Strategic Goals and Objectives - FY 2001 . Objective 2.1 - Improve the Economic Independence of Low Income Families, Including Those Receiving Welfare
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective We will provide technical assistance to promote the adoption of best practices and innovative strategies by states in their welfare to work programs. Our strategy will include:
By Jane Knitzer and Nancy K. Cauthen National Center for Children in Poverty The Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health Columbia University In Collaboration with Ellen Kisker Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. 8. Conclusion
The Family Support Act of 1988 sent a strong signal to states and localities — a signal that was amplified in the 1996 welfare reform law — that it was important to move people from welfare to work. States responded by developing welfare-to-work programs that were more complex, offered a wider spectrum of services, were implemented on a broa
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Participation Standards: What does it take to engage a substantial proportion of people in welfare-to-work program activities?
Despite the fact that participation in welfare-to-work activities is generally required in exchange for welfare receipt, welfare agencies often have a difficult time engaging a large share of their caseloads in program activities. Reacting in part to low participation rates in welfare-to-work programs, FSA broke new ground in requiring states to e
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Income: How can welfare-to-work programs increase family resources?
The administrators of all the welfare-to-work programs studied in NEWWS hoped that their programs' preemployment services, mandates, and messages would enable welfare recipients eventually to increase their income and move out of poverty, but their relative emphasis on and methods of achieving this goal differed. The education-focused programs emp
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Children's Well-Being: How might programs that have mandates and services but leave income unchanged affect children in the long run?
During the two decades before FSA's passage, mothers receiving welfare who had children under age 6 were generally not subject to the participation and work requirements of welfare-to-work programs. With FSA's passage came the advent of mandatory participation in welfare-to-work activities for mothers with young children. Because the new mandate's
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Family Circumstances: Can programs have long-term spillover effects on family outcomes such as marriage and fertility?
Welfare reform is often seen as a tool that can be used to do much more than raise earnings and reduce dependence on government assistance. FSA, for example, sought to bring about a sea change in people's attitudes toward welfare receipt. Some policymakers believe that reducing welfare use will have positive spillover effects on poor families, suc
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Participation in Education and Training: Can mandatory welfare-to-work programs engage large numbers of people in education and training?
Since the early 1980s, welfare policymakers and program operators have debated what role adult education -- basic education, GED preparation, and ESL classes -- should play in welfare-to-work programs. Even under TANF, discussion about the potential of education to help welfare recipients make the transition from welfare to work continues. Increas
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. NEWWS and Current Welfare Initiatives
The 1996 welfare reform law spawned many new welfare policies and encouraged states to experiment with new approaches. Almost all the new policies and innovations, however, take for granted the existence of and build on the quid pro quo established by FSA, namely, that welfare recipients must work or participate in some type of welfare-to-work pro
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Program Context
The programs studied in NEWWS were initially run under the federal Family Support Act (FSA). Enacted in 1988, FSA required the government to provide education, employment, and support services to adults receiving cash welfare assistance, known at the time as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Recipients of AFDC, in turn, were required
Reasons for Measuring Poverty in the United States in the Context of Public Policy — A Historical Review, 1916-1995. The Seventies and the Eighties
In 1974, in response to a legislative requirement, an interagency Poverty Studies Task Force was established under the leadership of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to undertake an intensive review of the current poverty measure and various alternative measurement schemes. The Task Force's final report 83 was submitted
Reasons for Measuring Poverty in the United States in the Context of Public Policy — A Historical Review, 1916-1995
The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not represent the position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. August 1999, revised June 2000
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2001 . Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) was established by the Social Security Act of 1935 as a grant program to enable states to provide cash welfare payments for needy children who had been deprived of parental support or care because their father or mother is absent from the home, incapacitated, deceased, or unemployed. All 50 states,