U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Screening and Assessment in TANF/Welfare-to-Work: Ten Important Questions TANF Agencies and Their Partners Should Consider
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Screening and Assessment in TANF/Welfare-to-Work: Ten Important Questions TANF Agencies and Their Partners Should Consider Executive Summary
Terri S. Thompson, Asheley Van Ness and Carolyn T. O'Brien The Urban Institute December 2001
Program evaluations can play an important role in formulating goals, objectives, and implementation strategies for a variety of planning activities throughout the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Program evaluations also tell us whether our efforts are successful. While there are still gaps in what we know, we now are beginning to as
In some cases, achieving our strategic goals and objectives may be impeded by factors that are beyond the control of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). For example, national or local economic conditions can influence whether we are successful in helping families on welfare become economically independent. In some cases, there may b
HHS Strategic Goals and Objectives - FY 2001 . Objective 4.4 - Develop Knowledge That Improves the Quality and Effectiveness of Human Services Practice
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective We will support research and evaluation activities to develop knowledge about effective human services, and we will promote the exchange of information and experiences among service providers by: making investments in our research infrastructure to improve our statistical modeling capacity, databases
1 1975 data conveyed to staff of the Privacy Protection Study Commission by staff at the National Center for Health Statistics. 2 National Center for Health Statistics, Health: United States 1975, (Rockville, Maryland: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1975), p. 3. 3 Section 5(c)(2)A) of the Privacy Act of 1974 authorized the
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Costs: What contributes to the cost of welfare-to-work programs?
Different types of five-year costs were estimated for the NEWWS programs. The gross cost per program group member is a comprehensive measure of all the costs associated with providing employment services and related support services to people while they were enrolled in a welfare-to-work program as well as after they left the program and/or the
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Participation Standards: What does it take to engage a substantial proportion of people in welfare-to-work program activities?
Despite the fact that participation in welfare-to-work activities is generally required in exchange for welfare receipt, welfare agencies often have a difficult time engaging a large share of their caseloads in program activities. Reacting in part to low participation rates in welfare-to-work programs, FSA broke new ground in requiring states to e
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Case Management: Do different strategies yield different results?
As mentioned in the description of the NEWWS programs operated in Columbus, there are two general approaches to welfare case management: traditional and integrated. Although each can be argued to have advantages and disadvantages, some policymakers and program operators have speculated that integrating the roles of income maintenance and employmen
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Participation in Education and Training: Can mandatory welfare-to-work programs engage large numbers of people in education and training?
Since the early 1980s, welfare policymakers and program operators have debated what role adult education -- basic education, GED preparation, and ESL classes -- should play in welfare-to-work programs. Even under TANF, discussion about the potential of education to help welfare recipients make the transition from welfare to work continues. Increas
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Sites and Programs
The 11 programs in NEWWS were operated in seven sites across the country: Atlanta, Georgia; Grand Rapids, Michigan; Riverside, California; Columbus, Ohio; Detroit, Michigan; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and Portland, Oregon (for a list of the programs categorized by type, see Table 2 ).
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Program Context
The programs studied in NEWWS were initially run under the federal Family Support Act (FSA). Enacted in 1988, FSA required the government to provide education, employment, and support services to adults receiving cash welfare assistance, known at the time as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Recipients of AFDC, in turn, were required
Toward Understanding Homelessness: The 2007 National Symposium on Homelessness Research. Accountability, Cost-Effectiveness, and Program Performance: Progress Since 1998.. Appendix: The U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness
Studies Summary of Cost Offset Studies Intervention Studies
Toward Understanding Homelessness: The 2007 National Symposium on Homelessness Research. Accountability, Cost-Effectiveness, and Program Performance: Progress Since 1998.
The authors summarize the progress made in the past decade toward making homeless assistance programs more accountable to funders, consumers, and the public. They observe that research on the costs of homelessness and cost offsets associated with intervention programs has been limited to people who are homeless with severe mental illness. But this
The adult outcomes have four domains with a total of 10 measures. The health domain includes two measures: alcohol abuse or dependence around age 30; drug use (marijuana or cocaine) in the past month around age 30.
The NLSY79 offers a wide array of outcomes we can study. We define ten adult outcomes of interest and categorize them into four major domains. The outcome domains and the measures in each domain are: Health
As noted in Chapter I, this 2001 report uses data from the Annual March Demographic Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS) to construct updated measures of some of the indicators that were based on data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) in prior year reports. Specifically, the overall summary indicator of depe