Figure IND 1a. Percentage of Total Income from Means-Tested Assistance Programs: 2004
Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2005, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.
Following the format of the previous annual reports to Congress, Chapter II presents summary data related to indicators of dependence. These indicators differ from other welfare statistics because of their emphasis on welfare dependence, rather than simple welfare receipt.
The primary data sources for this report are the Current Population Survey (CPS), the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and administrative data for the AFDC/TANF, Food Stamp and SSI programs. Beginning with the 2001 report, there was a shift to using CPS rather than SIPP data for several i
To assess the social impacts of any change in dependence, changes in the level of poverty should be considered. This chapter focuses on the official poverty rate, the most common poverty measure. Additional measures of poverty and need also are included under the Economic Risk Factors found in Chapter III.
As suggested by its title, this report focuses on welfare “dependence” as well as welfare “recipiency.” While recipiency can be defined fairly easily, based on the presence of benefits from AFDC/TANF, SSI or food stamps, dependence is a more complex concept.
This introductory chapter provides an overview of the specific summary measure of welfare dependence proposed by a bipartisan Advisory Board 1 and how this measure was adopted for use in this annual report series. Also it discusses summary measures of poverty, following the Advisory Board’s recommendation that dependence measures not be assesse
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. The 2007 Indicators of Welfare Dependence , the tenth annual report, provides welfare dependence indicators through 2004, reflecting changes that have taken place since
Almost all studies that have collected data on the income of kinship caregivers have found that they are significantly poorer than non-kin foster parents (Barth et al., 1994; Beeman et al., 1996; Berrick et al., 1994; Brooks and Barth, 1998; Chipungu et al., 1998; Gebel, 1996; Geen and Clark, 1999; Le Prohn, 1994; Zimmerman et al., 1998). For exam
The percentage of individuals receiving AFDC/TANF cash assistance fell from 4.6 percent in 1996 to 1.6 percent in 2006 as shown in Figure 2. Food stamp receipt fell from 9.5 percent in 1996 to 6.1 percent in 2000 and 2001. Since 2001, food stamp receipt has increased to 8.9 percent in 2006. This increase in food stamp recipiency may explain
In 2005, 3.8 percent of the total population would be considered “dependent” on social welfare programs given the definition stated above. This is approximately one quarter of the recipiency rate, which is defined as the percentage of individuals living in a family receiving at least some TANF, food stamps or SSI benefits during the year.
When any new public benefit becomes available, it takes time for people to understand what it offers and how its provisions apply to them. All potential beneficiaries of new or expanded programs have this problem, which they often share with case managers and others who have the responsibility of helping newly eligible people to access all of the
Establishing expanded eligibility for Medicaid is only the first step in expanding the population of Medicaid beneficiaries. Many of those newly eligible for Medicaid on the basis of income alone will not know about the opportunity to enroll and will not have experience with health insurance. Early-expansion states and providers working with indiv