Ahituv, Avner, and Robert I. Lerman. 2007. “How Do Marital Status, Work Effort, and Wage Rates Interact?” Demography 44(3): 623–47.
Higher educational attainment can be a ticket out of poverty and a pathway to steady lifetime employment. For many low-income men, however, educational experiences are a stumbling block to higher achievement, both academic and professional. These men are less likely to have completed high school or to have pursued postsecondary education.
This section describes five categories of open questions and issues for discussion at the roundtable meeting.
Homeless Children: Update on Research, Policy, Programs, and Opportunities. IV-C. Pre-K and preschool programs
For younger children, typically under age 5, efforts are geared toward increasing access to child care or education programs such as the Department of Health and Human Services’ Head Start Program. According to ED (2006), there is an underrepresentation of homeless preschoolers in early education programs. Under McKinney-Vento, reauthorized as p
Federal legislation ensures homeless children’s access to school, and federal funding has been made available to schools that serve homeless children. The goal is to keep a child’s education as stable as possible despite residential instability.
A large body of research summarized by McLoyd (1998) links poverty to adverse outcomes for children in the areas of health, cognitive development, academic achievement, and socio-emotional or mental health outcomes. Increasingly sophisticated research designs control for background characteristics of families that might lead both to poverty and to
Homeless Children: Update on Research, Policy, Programs, and Opportunities. Section III. Research Related to Unstably Housed Children and Other Children At Risk of Homelessness
There is little research on the needs or characteristics of children whose families are living doubled up with others or staying in temporary accommodations such as hotels, except for counts of school-age children provided by SEAs and LEAs and the study by Obradovic and colleagues (2009) described above.
Nine studies reviewed by Buckner (2005, 2008) examined attendance, achievement, and other academic outcomes for homeless children using a variety of measures (Table 2 Part D). All but one study found homeless children worse off than general population samples; and six of seven studies found them worse off than housed children. The one study that f
Evidence is surfacing that the current economic and foreclosure crisis has led to an increase in the number of homeless children. We know from prior research that family homelessness is more sensitive to economic cycles than individual homelessness (Culhane et al., 2003).
Homeless Children: Update on Research, Policy, Programs, and Opportunities. Children in families meeting the ED definition of homelessness
Data on the numbers of children and youth who are enrolled in school and homeless under the ED definition are collected by State Education Agencies (SEAs) and Local Education Agencies (LEAs) under the Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program and collated by the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) (2009). In the 2007–08
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. “Evaluation of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: Final Report.” December 2007. Accessed 3 March 2013 from http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/uspstf/index.html#contents
In light of recent policy changes in support of domestic violence screening in health care settings, this policy brief presents the state of practice and research on this preventive service. The brief discusses reasons for screening in health care settings, the current prevalence of screening and reasons this prevalence is relatively low, existing
Examination of Clinical Trial Costs and Barriers for Drug Development. 4.8 Barriers at Academic Institutions
There are cases in which drug sponsors might find it appealing or necessary to use academic institutions as trial sites. For instance, sponsors might seek to employ key opinion leaders who are affiliated with a particular institution, or they may be studying a very specialized disease area for which patients can only be found in sufficient numbers
Compared with other Americans, Latinos are less likely to receive preventive care and more likely to have chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. 12,13 The Affordable Care Act helps to make prevention affordable and accessible by requiring most health insurance plans to cover prevention and wellness benefits with no cost-sharin
Compared with other Americans, African Americans are less likely to receive preventive care and more likely to have chronic diseases such as diabetes and certain cancers. 12,13 Heart disease and stroke account for the largest proportion of disparities in life expectancy between African Americans and non-Latino Whites, despite the existence of p
Identifying and Serving LGBTQ Youth: Case Studies of Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grantees. References
Acevedo-Polakovich, I., B. Bell, P. Gamache, and A.S. Christian. “Service Accessibility for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Youth.” Youth & Society, vol. 45, 2011, pp. 75–97. American Psychological Association. “Guidelines for Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients.” Washington, DC: APA, 2011.
Identifying and Serving LGBTQ Youth: Case Studies of Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grantees. I. Introduction
Research suggests that young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning their sexuality (LGBTQ) face a disproportionate risk of homelessness.