If left untreated or undertreated, diabetes can cause severe complications that can damage many vital organs in the body and lead to premature death. 70 Possible complications from diabetes can include heart disease, blindness, lower extremity amputations, kidney failure, dental disease, and increased susceptibility to infections. Estimates sugge
School personnel play an important role in identifying children with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Specific actions schools can take to help in diabetes detection include:
Knowledge of the risk factors, and signs and symptoms of diabetes and pre-diabetes may help increase awareness about the need to be tested for diabetes. Individuals, family members, friends, health care providers, schools, the media, community organizations, health insurance providers, employers, as well as local, state, and federal governments al
The increase in type 2 diabetes among children makes schools essential partners in preventing the disease. Some specific activities for schools and teachers to consider include:
The causes of type 1 diabetes are under investigation, and researchers are working to learn how to prevent the disease. While the causes of type 2 diabetes are not well understood, recent research has demonstrated that it often can be prevented or delayed through lifestyle changes in at risk persons. 42 This section focuses on the prevention of t
Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) Tommy G. Thompson has identified diabetes prevention, detection, and treatment as important components of his health agenda. Activities supporting the Secretary’s focus on diabetes include Steps to a HealthierUS: Putting Prevention First (Appendix A), the Diabetes Detection Initiative , and the Sm
Currently, more than 18 million Americans have diabetes and projections show that the number of persons with the disease will continue to grow without public health intervention. 1 Diabetes consists of a group of diseases in which the body is unable to produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or makes too little insulin and resists its action (type 2 di
The Diabetes: A National Plan for Action is the result of the dedication and determination of many groups and individuals. The Department would like to thank all those who participated in creating this document. Special thanks to the American Diabetes Association, the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International, the American Associatio
Information Needs Associated with the Changing Organization and Delivery of Health Care: Summary of Perceptions, Activities, Key Gaps, and Priorities. 2. Structure II: Resources -- Training and Financing
Information on resources involves questions and concerns that are central to the development and financing of the system and its components over time (see Table 3 for illustrative issues). Interviewees were especially concerned about training for providers, especially physicians, given the fact that there is already an oversupply nationwide. Many
Information Needs Associated with the Changing Organization and Delivery of Health Care: Summary of Perceptions, Activities, Key Gaps, and Priorities
This report summarizes the insights and conclusions drawn from a project to asses unmet needs for supply-side information on the health system. The project focused on identifying how information needs associated with a changing health care system are perceived by providers, insurers, purchasers, consumers, and government at various levels. The proj
Examples of Promising Practices for Integrating and Coordinating Eligibility, Enrollment and Retention: Human Services and Health Programs Under the Affordable Care Act. Description
Students attending community colleges often face financial and other hurdles to completing school. These challenges include balancing work and school priorities, managing finances, raising children, or supporting themselves and their families. In order to help students handle these challenges, Single Stop developed a program that provides a compre
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Can We Replicate Findings from the Original Project Connect Health Systems Intervention in a New City with a New Population of Interest and a New Provider Community?
This project replicated the health systems intervention of the original Project Connect, a multi-level intervention designed to reduce adolescent STD/HIV risk and incidence, which was fielded in Los Angeles. This replication project assessed the feasibility and success in implementing this intervention in a setting vastly different from Los Angele
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Does the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative Reduce Substance Use and Violence, Increase Access to Mental Health Services, Improve School Climate, and Improve Coordination and Service Integration?
This evaluation examined whether the Program Theory Model is supported by data already collected by Safe Schools/Healthy Students (SS/HS) grantees. The study investigated how elements of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Model were influenced by pre-grant conditions, grant operations, and change over time to produce near-term and long-term outcome
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. What Role can Stakeholder Education Play in Initiatives to Prevent Teen Pregnancy and Reduce Rates of Teen Births in Communities with Highest Risk?
A process evaluation focused on the efforts of target grantees and their key partners to educate community stakeholders in teen pregnancy prevention communitywide initiatives. There case studies documented the extent and quality of stakeholder education capacity building activities, strategic planning for stakeholder education and the implementati
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Can Interventions that are Focused on Different Levels of Influence on Adolescents (school, providers, and parents) have an Impact on Adolescent Risk for STD, HIV, and Pregnancy?
Project Connect consisted of three years of formative research and five years of implementation in 26 middle and high schools in Los Angeles. Intervention and control high schools were paired on comparable ethnic composition, STD and birth rates.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. What is the Impact of the National Cancer Institutes' Career Development Awards on Participant Career Outcomes?
The National Cancer Institute Career Development (NCI K) awards program includes a broad range of funding mechanisms that provide scientists and clinicians with support to develop their cancer research careers and transition to independence, expand their existing research programs, or mentor junior investigators. The evaluation sought to define th
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Does the Research on Research Integrity Program Support a Diverse Research Community?
The Research on Research Integrity (RRI) program supports research on the responsible conduct of biomedical research. This study was commissioned to better understand the success of the program's efforts to promote research on responsible research, improve future research integrity-related funding opportunity announcements, and diversify the commu
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. Does the Director's Pioneer Award Program Result Stimulate Pioneering Research?
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) commissioned a study to assess whether the short-term outcomes of the NIH Director's Pioneer Award (NDPA) program were consistent with its original goals, and to evaluate the impact of the NDPA on NIH and its funding of high-risk research. The NIH launched the NDPA program in 2004 to support individual scie
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. How Can the Diabetes-Based Education in Tribal Schools Project Improve Recruitment and Retention?
This study evaluated the success of recruiting teachers to the Diabetes-Based Education in Tribal Schools (DETS) Project and the success of the distribution of the curriculum materials. The project is a cooperative effort among the National Institutes of Health, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, the Indian Health Service and eight Tr