Trends in the Use of Early Care and Education, 1995-2011: Descriptive Analysis of Child Care Arrangements from National Survey Data. Key Differences in the Two Data Sources
National Household Education Survey (NHES – Early Childhood Program Participation) Current Population Survey (CPS – October Supplement) Years administered 1995, 2001, 2005 1995 – 2011, annually Ages of children 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 3, 4 Center-based care “center-based care”
Trends in the Use of Early Care and Education, 1995-2011: Descriptive Analysis of Child Care Arrangements from National Survey Data. Data Sources and Methodology
In this report, we examine trends in the use of early care and education (ECE) from 1995 to 2011 by utilizing two large, nationally representative datasets: the October Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the National Household Education Survey (NHES) of Early Childhood Program Participation. Together, these sources provide a bro
This section describes five categories of open questions and issues for discussion at the roundtable meeting.
Homeless Children: Update on Research, Policy, Programs, and Opportunities. Economic stressors, parental job loss, and parental financial distress
Across multiple outcomes, including intelligence, school achievement, and socio-emotional functioning, persistent poverty has more detrimental effects than transitory poverty (Bolger et al., 1995; Duncan, Brooks-Gunn, Klebanov, 1994; McLoyd, 1998). Thus children from families that have always been poor are likely to be worse off than children in f
Belsky, J., Burchinal, M., McCartney, K., Lowe Vandell, D., & Clarke-Stewart, K.A., Tresch Owen, M. (2007, March/April). “Are There Long-Term Effects of Early Child Care?” Child Development , Volume 78, Number 2.. Besharov, D. & Higney, C. (2006). Federal and State Child Care Expenditures (1997-2004): Rapid Growth Followed by Stead
This analysis from the NHES showed that compared to urban children, rural children:
Although the research described in the previous section provides valuable insights into the non-parental child care arrangements of rural children, there is a need for additional analysis. One reason for additional analyses is that two of the most thorough national data collection efforts focusing on child care were conducted over 15 years ago:
This section reviews the results of several research studies.
America's Children in Poverty: A New Look at Who's Poor Under the Supplemental Poverty Measure. The “Lifted Out”
Children who are officially poor but are not classified as poor under the SPM differ from the core poor in three primary ways; their families: 1) have substantially more cash and other income resources (i.e., they are much closer to the official poverty threshold), 2) are more likely to be receiving assistance from safety net programs, and 3) rece
Any discussion of the uninsured should be clear about the multiple methods and data sources available for measuring the number of individuals who lack health insurance. There are three basic ways to count the number of uninsured: 1) those uninsured for a full year, 3 2) those ever uninsured during a year, and 3) those uninsured at a specific poin
This report examined changes in the characteristics of families moving onto and off welfare, the speed with which they move on and off, and the reasons for these transitions. To do so, the researchers compared the experiences of low-income single mothers early in the 1990s under Aid to Families with Dependent Children with those of women in the mi
Iowa’s welfare reform program provides a comprehensive package of incentives and services to encourage clients to adopt behaviors that will help their achievement of self-sufficiency. Iowa’s program also imposes strong consequences on individuals who fail to adopt these behaviors. While self-sufficiency is the ultimate goal of welfare reform,
Five Years Later: Final Implementation Lessons from the Evaluation of Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and Their Partners. Identifying and Responding to Domestic Violence
A need for stronger approaches to domestic violence screening with justice-involved couples was evident based on the implementation evaluation reviews of MFS-IP grantees. There were no uniform requirements for domestic violence screening, and the approach used by most grantees at the time of initial enrollment (asking incarcerated men if they
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (formerly the Food Stamp Program) 7 is administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service. SNAP is the largest food assistance program in the country, reaching more poor individuals over the course of a year than any other public assistance program. Unlike
Five Years Later: Final Implementation Lessons from the Evaluation of Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and Their Partners. Keeping Participants Engaged
MFS-IP programs focused on delivering services to couples during a challenging time: incarceration and the immediate post-release period. Once couples enrolled in MFS-IP programming, staff worked hard to keep them involved.
Five Years Later: Final Implementation Lessons from the Evaluation of Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and Their Partners. Characteristics of MFS-IP Programs with Successful Enrollment
Common characteristics were evident among grantees that succeeded in meeting their enrollment targets. Typically successful agencies brought a deep understanding of the needs of the target population and the corrections environment based on prior work, input from the target population, and the personal life experience of program staff. They desi
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2009-2013. Economic Security Risk Factor 5. Poverty Spells
Note: Spell length categories are mutually exclusive. Spells separated by only 1 month are not considered separate spells. Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2004 panel (2004 – 2007).
Five Years Later: Final Implementation Lessons from the Evaluation of Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and Their Partners
The Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and Their Partners Initiative (MFS-IP) represented a groundbreaking effort to recognize and respond to the impact of incarceration on families and the crucial role of family support in reentry success. No one program model was required for