Office of Social Services Policy
Contents Site-Specific Analyses Cross-Site Analysis: The Changing Urban Context Cross-Site Analysis: Health Trends and Study Hypotheses Conclusions
Table 1. Distribution of Indicator Values (ZCTA-level) for Areas of Concentrated Poverty
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. The characteristics of communities with concentrated poverty vary across demographic and spatial dimensions.
Research associates several factors with higher concentrations of poverty: economic change from the production of goods to information processing; migration patterns of the non-poor; racial and economic segregation; discriminatory and segregating housing policies; increasing immigration; the rise in births to unwed mothers; and the decline in mult
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty area, one in three adults older than 25 did not graduate from high school or earn a GED.
Compared to the national average, adults in these areas were twice as likely to not graduate from high school and almost three times less likely to have a bachelor’s degree, on average. These areas are home to less than four percent of the Nation’s population over the age of 24. However, over eight percent of the population older than 24 that
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Adult joblessness is pervasive in concentrated poverty communities.
In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty area, only 45 percent of the working-age population (age 16 and older) is employed, or looked at differently, the modal adult is jobless (i.e., unemployed or not in the labor force). The national employment-to-population ratio for the same time period (2007-2011) was 59 percent. Among all poor indiv
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Children in metropolitan high poverty communities are more than twice as likely to be raised by a single mother than the average child.
More than half of the households with children (53 percent) in metropolitan concentrated poverty areas are headed by single females. This compares to 26 percent of all U.S. households and 60 percent of households living in poverty. Although these zips codes are home to just over four percent of the Nation’s households with children, more than ei
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. One in nine of all teen births in the United States are to young women who live in metropolitan areas of concentrated poverty.
In the average metropolitan concentrated poverty ZCTA, the teen birth rate is 2.25 times higher than the national rate of 27 births per thousand females ages 15 to 19. 6 The teen birth rate in high poverty ZCTAs was 63 for every 1,000 young women ages 15 to 19, and in every region it was at least twice the national level, on average. In one quart
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. High poverty metropolitan ZCTAs are most likely to be majority black or Hispanic.
Areas of poverty concentration tend to be very racially segregated with over three- quarters of residents in areas with majority minority populations belonging to the racial group that makes up the largest share of the population. Just over 46 percent of concentrated metropolitan poor areas are majority black; 32 percent are majority Hispanic, and
Overview of Community Characteristics in Areas With Concentrated Poverty. Researchers most often define concentrated poverty as a significantly high proportion of areas residents living below the poverty level.
The concentrated poverty literature typically uses Census tracts as the geographical boundaries for studying high poverty communities. The Zip Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) is, on average, a larger boundary, reflective in most cases of actual zip code boundaries, in which several Census tracts may exist. Census tract boundaries are determined based
Community Resilience and Recovery Initiative: Final Evaluation Report. Outreach and Screening Strategies
Outreach through information dissemination and health screenings in new locations throughout the community was an important new educational approach for Fall River. The locations used to host the screenings encompassed a wide range of community sites including the Career Center, the community college, the Family Health Center, the Government Cente
The brief describes the characteristics of pockets of concentrated poverty within metropolitan areas and the individuals that live in these communities. Topics covered include race and ethnicity, family type, birth rates, and educational attainment. The figures presented are based on ASPE's analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's 2007-2011 American C
In 2010, in response to the recession and the slow recovery process, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) launched the Community Resilience and Recovery Initiative (CRRI). CRRI was a multi-level, place-based demonstration project aimed at helping grantee communities cope with the ongoing behavioral health effects