Data from the two operator instruments are displayed in the exhibits in Appendix A. Tables A-1 through A-8 summarize board and care facility characteristics by facility licensure status and size. The tables present point estimates (usually percentages) with standard errors. Additionally, we performed chi-square tests for differences between lice
6.4.1 Cognitive Impairment
In the early 1980s, Dittmar and Smith (1983) found 30 percent of the residents were “confused,” while Sherwood and colleagues (1981) found 24 percent were cognitively impaired ( Exhibit 6-4 ). A prevalence rate of 40 percent with moderate to severe cognitive impairment in this study indicates a significant increase
Only half of the staff members in board and care homes who gave shots were LVNs or LPNs, and another one-fifth were RNs. Over one-fourth of the staff members in board and care homes who gave shots were not licensed nurses (28 percent). The vast majority of staff members who gave shots (86 percent) had training in caring for the elderly, mentally i
5.3.1 Work Schedule
More than half of the direct care operators (54 percent) reported working around the clock with an additional 9 percent working more than 60 hours per week ( Exhibit 5-7 ). Only 11 percent worked 40 hours per week and another 11 percent worked part time. The mean number of hours worked per week specified by those operators wh
To meet the needs of the complex mix of residents, some board and care homes offered a wide range of services. However, available services varied considerably from homes offering little more than room, meals, oversight, and a few services to places that provided or arranged for extensive and skilled nursing services and therapies.
Each study State had different definitions or criteria for licensure of board and care homes, and, even within States, there were multiple categories of homes and multiple agencies that licensed homes. Because of this variation, we adopted decision rules about inclusion and exclusion for both licensed and unlicensed homes.