Diabetes occurs in people of all ages and racial and ethnic groups. Researchers do not fully understand the cause of type 1 diabetes or what can be done to prevent it. Research suggests that type 1 diabetes has a strong genetic basis that is modified by environmental factors.
Diabetes is typically classified according to three main types—type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes including a related condition called pre-diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
Diabetes is approaching epidemic proportions in the United States. More than 18 million Americans today have diabetes. Approximately 41 million Americans have pre-diabetes, 8 which means they are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. 9 For people with diabetes, blood glucose (sugar) levels are elevated either because the body cannot make
Currently, more than 18 million Americans have diabetes and projections show that the number of persons with the disease will continue to grow without public health intervention. 1 Diabetes consists of a group of diseases in which the body is unable to produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or makes too little insulin and resists its action (type 2 di
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Will the Physical Activity and Nutrition Community Moderators' Guide/Curriculum Promote Positive Behavior Change?
This project developed, implemented and evaluated a community-based curriculum for adults with limited health literacy, in an effort to promote use of the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The community moderators' guide/curriculum was pilot-tested locally, implemented in a select number
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Will a Healthcare Provider Resource Based Upon the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Promote Positive Behavior Change?
This project developed, implemented and evaluated a healthcare provider resource in an effort to promote use of the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG), the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 7th edition (DGA) and health literacy principles. A healthcare providers' guide/curriculum was developed according to the PAG and DGA, pil
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. What Is The Status Of Health Disparities, and What Community Based Interventions Are Effective In Eliminating Health Disparities In Minority Communities?
Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH US) is a community-based multilevel program that approaches the elimination of racial and ethnic health disparities. REACH U.S. Risk Factor Survey is a program evaluation done through an annual survey in 28 minority communities. Within each community, a total of 900 residents are surveyed ea
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. How Feasible and Desirable Is Working Towards A Set Of Core Indicators Across the Resource Centers Of Excellence Managed By the National Center On Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD)?
This program evaluation studied the feasibility and desirability of working towards a set of core indicators across several Resource Centers funded by NCBDDD, the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability (NCPAD), the Paralysis Resource Center of the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation and the National Limb Loss Information Center of
This report, Performance Improvement 2011-2012, the 17th in this series, summarizes the key findings from studies completed during the two fiscal-year period ending September 30, 2011.
Report Citations The studies are listed below in order of their Policy Information Center identification (PIC ID) number. The studies have been conducted by or funded through the Department of Health and Human Services by the specific agency or office sponsor. Reports may be obtained at the URL hotlinks provided, or from the Fed
One grantee member of a five grantee consortium that designs and tests approaches to support the mental health of infants, toddlers, and their families within ACF supported Early Head Start programs successfully reduced maternal depression in new Latina immigrants. The grantee succeeded in a population in which recognition of depressive symptom
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) studied programs promoting nutrition, physical activity and obesity. Researchers found that funded states increased staff, leveraged funds and built partnerships. States developed programs led by a strong core staff of highly qualified managers and physical activity and nutrition coordinato
This report, Performance Improvement 2010, the 16th annual report in this series, describes the findings from 113 studies completed during the fiscal year ending September 30, 2009. The study summaries and the publicly available database from which they are drawn are to be found at http://aspe.hhs.gov/pic/performance.
Performance Improvement 2009. Does Participation in the "I am Moving, I am Learning" Train the Trainer Program Result in Program Implementation?
Researchers examined the extent to which grantees who participated in a training-of-trainers implemented a Head Start program enhancement called I Am Moving, I Am Learning (IM/IL). The IM/IL program was intended to (1) increase the quantity of time children spend in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during their daily routine; (2) imp
Performance Improvement 2008. Appendix C - table of the studies in this report, organized by agency and office, indicating the Objective where the study may be found.
Elements of evaluation: Effective programs achieve results. Results derive from good management which requires good decisions. Good decision-making depends on good information. Good information requires good data and careful analysis. Creative project officers, skillful researchers, thoughtful and receptive leaders contribute to value-added e
Performance Improvement 2008. What Health Education Methods Encourage Youth to Adopt Healthy Nutritional and Physical Activity Behaviors?
The study sought promising and innovative health education methods that targeted 8-13 year-olds and promoted healthy eating and physical activity. Compelled by the growing epidemic of overweight and obesity among today's youth, this study focused on the relationship between health education and youth. Health messages increasingly compete for youth
Performance Improvement 2008. What Causes Obesity Among American Indians/Alaska Natives; How to Prevent It?
The purpose of this study was to provide information to help understand the high rates of obesity among American Indians and Alaska Natives, the nature of preventive interventions, and activities pertaining to obesity undertaken by Federal agencies. This was a review of research findings on the prevalence, determinants and consequences of obesity,
Performance Improvement 2008. Goal 2 - Prevent and Control Disease, Injury, Illness, and Disability Across the Lifespan, and Protect the Public From Infectious, Occupational, Environmental, and Terrorist Threats
P REVENT AND CONTROL DISEASE, INJURY, ILLNESS, AND DISABILITY ACROSS THE LIFESPAN, AND PROTECT THE PUBLIC FROM INFECTIOUS, OCCUPATIONAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND TERRORIST THREATS Within HHS, multiple operating and staff divisions work together to develop and implement strategies to achieve the goal of preventing and controlling disease, injury, i
Mission The mission of the Indian Health Service, in partnership with American Indian and Alaska Native people, is to raise their physical, mental, social, and spiritual health to the highest level. Evaluation Program
Mission To promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability. Evaluation Program The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts evaluation studies designed to provide information essential for CDCs strategies to achieve its mission: