This Issue Paper looks at innovative ways that public housing agencies are supporting housing for formerly homeless people in the communities the researchers visited.
Improving Care for Populations Disproportionally Affected by Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias. Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Racial and ethnic minority populations comprise approximately 37% of the United States population, 3 and the proportion of older adults who belong to minority groups is rising sharply. 4 Many older adults from minority groups have limited proficiency in English. Some racial and ethnic minorities are differentially affected by Alzheimer's dis
Improving Care for Populations Disproportionally Affected by Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias
The National Plan to Address Alzheimer’s Disease requires the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) and the Administration for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) within the Administration for Community Living (ACL) to establish a task force to create a plan of action to address the needs of specific
Alzheimer's Association. (2011). "2010 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures." Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.alz.org/documents_custom/report_alzfactsfigures2010.pdf . Alzheimer's Association. (2012). "2011 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures." Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.alz.org/downloads/facts_figures_2011.pdf .
Understanding Disparities in Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions: Research Approaches and Datasets. 4.1.2 Age
As discussed previously, there is a temporal aspect to accumulating chronic conditions for patients; the longer a person lives the higher the probability of disease onset. Consequently, the older the person, the more likely they are to have MCC and the more conditions they are likely to have. Freid and colleagues found over 24% difference in MCC p
Understanding Disparities in Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions: Research Approaches and Datasets. 3.4 Key Informant interviews
To further inform the study of disparities in MCC populations, Abt and ASPE conducted key informant interviews with six experts from academic, research and policy organizations. A list of key informants can found be found in Appendix C. Each expert was asked to share his or her perspective and knowledge regarding a framework and research priorit
Understanding Disparities in Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions: Research Approaches and Datasets. 3.3 Literature Review
Abt Associates conducted a review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature related to disparities and multiple chronic conditions over the last 10 years. Of the 751 peer-reviewed articles identified in our targeted PubMed search only 16 (2.1%) pertained to disparities in the MCC population. Our MEDLINE search strategy can be found in Appendix B. T
Understanding Disparities in Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions: Research Approaches and Datasets. 3.1 Definitions of Disparities
The multiple ways of defining and measuring disparities make it difficult to synthesize research on disparities and health equity. In a 2012 report by the IOM, one of the recommendations was to standardize the definition of disparities (IOM 2012). A seminal paper by Braverman (2006) provides a history of definitions and measures beginning with Whi
Understanding Disparities in Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions: Research Approaches and Datasets. 2.1 Study Purpose
The current report is the second of two related papers commissioned by Health and Human Services. The first paper outlined the research challenges and techniques of studying multiple chronic conditions, with an emphasis on studying the “long tail” of the distribution of multiple chronic conditions (Rezaee, et.al. 2013). There are many unique c
Understanding Disparities in Persons with Multiple Chronic Conditions: Research Approaches and Datasets. 2. Introduction
Adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) represent a growing percentage of the population as well as a large percentage of health care services utilization and cost. To date, however, most research on chronic conditions focuses on individual conditions, in isolation from chronic comorbidities. Consequently, research results often are not appl
1 “Health disparities: A case for closing the gap.” Office of Health Reform, Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. (Accessed at http://www.healthreform.gov/reports/healthdisparities/ ).
Ahituv, Avner, and Robert I. Lerman. 2007. “How Do Marital Status, Work Effort, and Wage Rates Interact?” Demography 44(3): 623–47.
In addition to risks related to education, employment, family, and the criminal justice system, low-income men have poorer health outcomes. Notable disparities in chronic diseases—including diabetes, hypertension, and cancer—as well as physical victimization, violence, and lower life expectancy, may be linked to factors disproportionately affe
Health Insurance Marketplace: Summary Enrollment Report For the Initial Annual Open Enrollment Period. Appendix C: Characteristics of Persons WHO Have Selected Marketplace Plans Through the Ffm by Race / Ethnicity
The following section describes the race and ethnicity of those who have selected a plan in the Federally-facilitated Marketplace (FFM) through during the period October 1, 2013–March 31, 2014 (including Special Enrollment Period (SEP) activity through April 19, 2014). States with State-based Marketplaces are not required to report race and ethn
Compared with other Americans, Latinos are less likely to receive preventive care and more likely to have chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. 12,13 The Affordable Care Act helps to make prevention affordable and accessible by requiring most health insurance plans to cover prevention and wellness benefits with no cost-sharin
The Affordable Care Act helps to address health disparities by making prevention more affordable and accessible, requiring many health insurance plans to cover recommended prevention and wellness benefits with no cost-sharing (such as a co-payment or deductible). 16 The services that many insurers are now required to cover with no cost-sharing in
Compared with other Americans, African Americans are less likely to receive preventive care and more likely to have chronic diseases such as diabetes and certain cancers. 12,13 Heart disease and stroke account for the largest proportion of disparities in life expectancy between African Americans and non-Latino Whites, despite the existence of p
The availability of high-quality diabetes care services is crucial to support persons with diabetes in their efforts to manage the disease and prevent complications. Agencies within HHS support a variety of programs intended to measure and inform the quality of diabetes care in the United States.
Various agencies within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) have developed health communication campaigns to raise awareness of diabetes and educate patients, providers, employers, and school personnel about how to prevent or delay complications from diabetes.