Effect of Consumer Direction on Adults' Personal Care and Well-Being in Arkansas, New Jersey, and Florida
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Program evaluations can play an important role in formulating goals, objectives, and implementation strategies for a variety of planning activities throughout the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Program evaluations also tell us whether our efforts are successful. While there are still gaps in what we know, we now are beginning to as
In some cases, achieving our strategic goals and objectives may be impeded by factors that are beyond the control of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). For example, national or local economic conditions can influence whether we are successful in helping families on welfare become economically independent. In some cases, there may b
Many programs within the Department have goals, objectives, and target populations that appear similar. Likewise, many Department programs appear to duplicate or overlap programs in other Federal agencies. Many state, local, and private sector programs also have goals, objectives, and target populations in common with Department programs. Because
The Directive does not restrict the processing of data which are not personally identifiable. But for the processing of those that are, consent from the data-subject generally is required. Article 7 stipulates that "Member States shall provide that personal data may be processed only if:
External ethical oversight provides additional protection for research subjects. Prime examples in the U.S. are the Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) that supervise human-subjects research conducted under Federal jurisdiction, which is very broad. IRBs are carefully constituted boards that conduct independent oversight of research. 73
A prime example of innovation is the elaborate work of developing and improving the use of pharmaceuticals, medical devices, diagnostic instruments and tests, vaccines, and other "tools" of health care. 53 After much preliminary screening, an experimental entity or procedure is subjected to a long series of clinical trials , perhaps on tens of
Much research is performed to evaluate public-health programs, clinical practices, and the effects of innovations. 50
Health data are zipped around the world all day every day, by government research agencies, pharmaceutical firms, academic researchers, and many others. Data on Americans are transferred, American institutions do much data-transferring, and data are transferred for important American purposes.
Just as varied as the types of health data, of course, are the types of individuals and organizations who hold or process the data. Data are processed by:
For the U.S., it will be very important over the next few years to engage in high-level, broadly based dialogue with European leaders over the implementation of the E.U. Directive and the Council of Europe Recommendation. Discussions will have to be held with national governments and with intergovernmental organizations. Health care and health res
HHS Strategic Goals and Objectives - FY 2001 . Objective 6.4 - Accelerate Private-Sector Development of New Drugs, Biologic Therapies, and Medical Technology
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective We will accelerate development by: applying state-of-the-art science knowledge to ensure timely review of important new medical products. streamlining the review processes for approval of new drugs, therapies, and technology.
HHS Strategic Goals and Objectives - FY 2001 . Objective 6.2 - Improve Our Understanding of How to Prevent, Diagnose, and Treat Disease and Disability
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective We will improve our understanding of how to prevent, diagnose and treat disease and disability by:
HHS Strategic Goals and Objectives - FY 2001 . Objective 5.2 - Improve the Safety of Food, Drugs, Medical Devices, and Biological Products
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective We will access state-of-the-art science necessary for timely and credible regulatory decisions by: recruiting top scientists. engaging in continuous training of the professional work force.
Persons With Mental Retardation and Related Conditions in Mental Retardation Facilities: Selected Findings from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. Recent Research
Despite the many limitations that can be noted about the federal commitment to data gathering on persons with mental retardation and related conditions in institutional settings, there have been a number of useful recent sources of national statistics, all conducted or substantially supported by Federal government agencies. The most significant an
The Feasibility of Using Electronic Health Data for Research on Small Populations. Characteristics of EHR and Other Electronic Health Data That Make Them Useful for Research
EHR and other electronic health data are increasingly utilized for quality measurement and improvement, but until recently, the potential benefit of EHRs for research has not received much attention outside a few innovative, early adopting health care organizations. However, the use of EHRs for quality improvement has provided a foundation for ext
Health Care in Transition: Technology Assessment in the Private Sector Prepared by: Richard Rettig of the RAND Corporation Office of the Assistant Secretary of Planning and Evaluation Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. July, 1996.