The Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program — originally named the Aid to Dependent Children program — was established by the Social Security Act of 1935 as a grant program to enable states to provide cash welfare payments for needy children who had been deprived of parental support or care because their father or mother was abs
This report provides an examination of the length of time that low-income families receive government-funded child care subsidies that pay for part or all of the cost of their care arrangements. The figures presented are based on ASPE's analysis of a restricted-use version of child care subsidy administrative data from 35 states. In general, the d
The authors would like to acknowledge our Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Services Policy, Ajay Chaudry, for his leadership and vision in the development of this report. The authors would also like to acknowledge Barbara Broman, Ann McCormick, Martha Moorehouse, and Pam Winston for their direction and reviews.
This ASPE Issue Brief details estimates of federal child care assistance eligibility and receipt for 2009. About 18 percent of federally-eligible children received subsidized care through CCDF or related government funding streams in an average month in fiscal year 2009. This Issue Brief also explores estimates of child care assistance eligibility
The Federal Medical Assistance Percentages and Enhanced Federal Medical Assistance Percentages are calculated pursuant to the Social Security Act (the Act). These percentages will be effective from October 1 through September 30 of the indicated year.
This compendium is published by the Division of Children and Youth Policy within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. It summarizes the results of the Division’s research projects from 1986 through the present and highlights future plans. The role of research within the Division is to produce information on the orga
Data are presented to defend the theory that families use the kind of care which is available to them and affordable. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) data on marital status, other adults in the home, hours the mother works, age of mother, region and city size (indicators of the availability of other care providers), in addition t
This paper compares non-parental care arrangements of pre-school age children in urban and rural areas of the United States using data from the 2005 National Household Education Survey (NHES), Early Childhood Program Participation Survey (ECPP). Data from the NHES show that among preschool-age children, those in rural areas are about as likely as
This Issue Brief presents an estimate of the number of children who meet the eligibility requirements for child care assistance under the Child Care and Development Fund. The estimates are produced by the Transfer Income Model (TRIM) developed by the Urban Institute under contract to ASPE. The Brief also provides estimates of the number of childre
Recent years have brought increasing policy interest in using indirect funding mechanisms such as vouchers to increase client choice of provider and to expand the array of available providers to include such groups as faith-based and community organizations. ASPE launched this study as a first step toward better understanding voucher use in two sp
This paper examined the extent to which subsidies from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) served families in urban and rural areas of the country in FY 2004. Overall, the analysis found that the distribution of CCDF caseloads approximately matched the distribution of children (all incomes) residing in those areas. In addition, the study al
This paper provides background information on understanding the use of vouchers in social services delivery. The paper summarizes the reasons for voucher use, presents an overview of how vouchers are currently used in public programs with an emphasis on HHS programs, identifies design and implementation issues, assesses what is known about voucher
This paper synthesizes findings on current and future trends in child care usage patterns among employed mothers of preschoolers (less than 6 years old). It summarizes the types, duration, and expenditures on arrangements using the Current Population Surveys (1958, 1965, 1977 and 1982), the National Survey of Family Growth (1982), and the Survey o
This collection of brief issue papers uses diverse data to describe 15 major problems facing American children and families. Each paper summarizes the state of knowledge about the scope of the problem, trends, current government expenditures, costs per case, effectiveness of current intervention strategies and public attitudes about the problem ar
This report examines the child care preferences of 382 mothers with children under age six who received Aid to Families with Dependent Children during the 14-month period beginning September 1983. The project included interviewing these women twice and using models to predict their satisfaction with child care arrangements.
This study investigates factors associated with changes in the child care arrangements of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients. To conduct the study, the authors interviewed a sample of AFDC recipients in 1984 and 1985, examined welfare case records, and developed models predicting AFDC mothers' transitions into and out of chi
This speech, given at the Family Impact Seminar, briefly describes several issues concerning the regulation of child care including: who should regulate child care, whether standards effectively improve quality, how child care has been regulated since the late 1800s, current regulation practices, and how current child care legislation addresses re
This report summarizes the results of a special experiment in the collection (from 347 mothers) of detailed current and retrospective child care information carried out in conjunction with the 1989 (11th round) wave of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. It addresses a number of child care data quality and evaluation issues, and provides so
This paper presents the Survey of Income and Program Participation data on child care for working guardians on AFDC. These guardians use care by relatives 58% of the time for their youngest children under 6. They are thus using informal care arrangements which are generally free or low cost instead of more formal arrangements, for which one genera