The Welfare Indicators Act challenges the Department of Health and Human Services to identify and set forth not only indicators of welfare dependence and welfare duration, but also predictors and causes of welfare receipt. Up to this point, welfare research has not established clear and definitive causes of welfare dependence. However, researc
Table IND 11a. Percentage of First AFDC Spell Beginnings Associated with Specific Events: Selected Periods
Spell Began 1973-1979
Spell Began 1980-1985
Spell Began 1986-1991
First birth to an unmarried, non-cohabiting mother
This introductory chapter provides an overview of the specific summary measures of welfare dependence proposed by the Advisory Board. It also discusses summary measures of poverty, following the Board’s recommendation that dependence measures not be assessed in isolation from measures of deprivation. Analysis of both measures is important be
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. This 2001 Indicators of Welfare Dependence , the fourth annual report, is the first report to provide welfare dependency indicators for the 1996-1998 period, reflecting
Comparison of Interim Report Indicators and Annual Report Indicators and Risk Factors
Note that the numbers in the first column are the indicators numbers used in the Interim Report .
This measure complements the measures of nonmarital births by showing the "stock" of children living with never-married women. Children living with never-married women are at increased risk of dependence.
Most of the indicators are shown by age categories, generally children ages 0-15, adults 16-64, and adults 65 and older. Youth 17 and 18 years of age are often classified with adults because they are considered potential members of the labor force in many labor force statistics. Many of the risk factors, however, use published d
This indicator tracks trends in the number of births per 1,000 unmarried teen women within specific age groups.
Figure TEEN 3a. Births per 1,000 Unmarried Teens Age 15 to 17
Figure TEEN 3b. Births per 1,000 Unmarried Teens Age 18 to 19
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Program is a means-tested, federally administered income assistance program authorized by title XVI of the Social Security Act. Established in 1972 (Public Law 92-603) and begun in 1974, SSI provides monthly cash payments in accordance with uniform, nationwide eligibility requirements to needy aged, blind and