This introductory chapter provides an overview of the specific summary measure of welfare dependence proposed by a bipartisan Advisory Board (1) and adopted for use in this annual report series. Also it discusses summary measures of poverty, following the Advisory Board's recommendation that dependence measures not be assessed in isolation fro
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. The 2006 Indicators of Welfare Dependence , the ninth annual report, provides welfare dependence indicators through 2003, reflecting changes that have taken place si
Non-Elderly Disabled Category 2 Housing Choice Voucher Program: An Implementation and Impact Analysis. B. NED2 Voucher Users
In this section we present descriptive statistics on 2011 NED2 voucher users, extending our knowledge about them from the process analysis. Using linked survey and administrative data, we describe these individuals and compare them with non-users on a variety of demographic, functional, health, and institutional-related characteristics. 1. Me
Non-Elderly Disabled Category 2 Housing Choice Voucher Program: An Implementation and Impact Analysis. D. Barriers to Success and Implementation Procedures Associated with Success
Although many challenges and themes reported across PHAs were common to all, regardless of their level of success, some key differences were evident among those able to issue and lease their vouchers earlier than others. In this section, we first discuss challenges common to all sites, particularly challenges centered on the identification and ref
Factors Predicting Transitions from Medicare-Only to Medicare-Medicaid Enrollee Status. Data and Methodology
We combined data from multiple sources to examine beneficiary characteristics and service utilization patterns that predict transitions from Medicare-only eligibility to MME status on a monthly basis. We also examined beneficiary characteristics and service utilization patterns that predict entry into nursing home care not covered by the Medicare
This study focuses on understanding the rates and patterns of enrollment in Medicaid among individuals already enrolled in Medicare, the factors that predict this transition to dual coverage, and those that predict nursing home entry. This volume provides estimated econometric models that predict beneficiaries’ enrollment in Medicaid, and thei
Alzheimer's Association. (2011). "2010 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures." Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.alz.org/documents_custom/report_alzfactsfigures2010.pdf . Alzheimer's Association. (2012). "2011 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures." Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.alz.org/downloads/facts_figures_2011.pdf .
IPS programs have been formally assessed regarding adherence, or fidelity, to these evidence-based principles. We use "evidence-based SE" rather than "IPS" in this report because programs we examined may not necessarily have been assessed for fidelity, although they are built upon the evidence-based principles (Bond et al. 2012). See
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Economic Security Risk Factor 1. Poverty Rates
Figure ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Age: 1959-2005
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Nonmarital Birth Risk Factors (BIRTH)
The final group of risk factors addresses out-of-wedlock childbearing. The tables and figures in this subsection are labeled with the BIRTH prefix. This category includes long-term time trends in nonmarital births (BIRTH 1), nonmarital teen births (BIRTH 2 and BIRTH 3), and children living in families with never-married parents (BIRTH 4). Children
This introductory chapter provides an overview of the specific summary measure of welfare dependence proposed by a bipartisan Advisory Board 1 and how this measure was adopted for use in this annual report series. Also it discusses summary measures of poverty, following the Advisory Board’s recommendation that dependence measures not be assesse
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare annual reports to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. The 2007 Indicators of Welfare Dependence , the tenth annual report, provides welfare dependence indicators through 2004, reflecting changes that have taken place since
Report to the Congress on Kinship Foster Care. IV. The Role of Kinship Care as a Permanency Option for Children
Issue: How does kinship foster care fit into permanency planning efforts and under what circumstances should children remain in long-term foster care placements with relatives?
Report to the Congress on Kinship Foster Care. III. Non-financial Assistance for Relative Caregivers
Issue: What information and services do kinship foster families need, and how are these different from the needs of non-kin foster families?
In passing the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA, P.L. 105-89), the Congress recognized the growing practice of using relatives as licensed foster parents in many States and communities in the United States. As a step toward building a better understanding upon which to base future policy and legislative decisions, the Congress requeste
More research is needed to determine why the differences between public kinship and non-kin foster care exist. Key questions that future studies may want to address include:
Public kinship care increased significantly in the 1980s and 1990s and now represents a significant portion of the nation's children in foster care. Kinship care, both public and private, appears to be very different from non-kin foster care, and States have developed policies to address the specific needs and circumstances of public kinship careg
This chapter includes all available information on three of the items for which Congress specifically requested information: services provided to kinship caregivers and to birth parents, birth parents’ access to their children in care, and permanency plans for children in kinship care. Listed below are additional information needed and potential
Caseworkers treat public kinship care families differently from non-kin families, and the experiences of public kinship care families appear to differ markedly from those of non-kin foster families.
Public kinship care appears to offer stable placements for children; however, if these placements are not considered acceptable permanent goals, they may impede other options for permanent placement. Children in public kinship care are less likely to be reunified with their parents (AFCARS, 1998; Berrick et al., 1995; Testa, 1997), but those who a