One need only glance at the dramatic changes in our country during the last hundred years to understand why the relationship between organizational record keeping and personal privacy has become an issue in almost all modern societies. The records of a hundred years ago tell little about the average American, except when he died, perhaps when and
Toward Understanding Homelessness: The 2007 National Symposium on Homelessness Research. Homeless Youth in the United States: Recent Research Findings and Intervention Approaches. Age, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, Sexual Orientation, and Pregnancy
The vast majority of homeless youth are age 13 or older, although a few studies have identified small numbers of youth who are homeless on their own as young as 9 years old (Clark & Robertson, 1996; Robertson, 1991). Although at least one national survey of youth found that males were significantly more likely than females to report recent hom
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Family Circumstances: Can programs have long-term spillover effects on family outcomes such as marriage and fertility?
Welfare reform is often seen as a tool that can be used to do much more than raise earnings and reduce dependence on government assistance. FSA, for example, sought to bring about a sea change in people's attitudes toward welfare receipt. Some policymakers believe that reducing welfare use will have positive spillover effects on poor families, suc
Moving People from Welfare to Work. Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.. Control Group Outcomes: How do welfare recipients fare in the absence of welfare-to-work programs?
The experiences of the control group members in the NEWWS sites set the standard against which the program groups' experiences were measured (for the programs' impacts, see the next sections). Through examination of control group outcomes, the following portrait of the characteristics, attitudes, and behavior of welfare recipients who are not subj
Reasons for Measuring Poverty in the United States in the Context of Public Policy — A Historical Review, 1916-1995. The Period Leading Up to the War on Poverty
In December 1959, the Joint Economic Committee of Congress published a paper on the low-income population by Robert Lampman, an economics professor at the University of Wisconsin at Madison; the paper was prepared in connection with a Committee study of employment, growth, and price levels. 27 The paper had been requested by the Committee,
Reasons for Measuring Poverty in the United States in the Context of Public Policy — A Historical Review, 1916-1995
The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not represent the position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. August 1999, revised June 2000
Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood. A Review of Research and Interventions.
by : Kristin A. Moore, Brent C. Miller, Barbara W. Sugland, Donna Ruane Morrison, Dana A. Glei, Connie Blumenthal,
Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood. A Review of Research and Interventions.. Review of Prevention Programs
Many concerned parties, including policy makers, tax payers, parents, scholars and program providers, want to identify programs that could bring about large reductions in unintended adolescent pregnancy and parenthood. For at least two decades now, varied approaches to prevention and intervention have been tried in the United States. As suggested
Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood. A Review of Research and Interventions.. Pregnancy Resolution
When adolescents become unintentionally pregnant they face several difficult choices. About equal proportions of pregnant adolescents have unintended births (37 percent) or induced abortions (35 percent), with smaller percentages of adolescent pregnancies ending in miscarriages or intended births (about 14 percent each). Given their young age and
Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood. A Review of Research and Interventions.. Sexual Intercourse
Most young people in the United States begin having sexual intercourse during their teenage years. Current data suggest that slightly more than half of females and nearly two-thirds of males have had intercourse by their 18th birthday. In the last several decades there have been substantial increases in the proportion of adolescents who report sex
Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood. A Review of Research and Interventions.. Introduction
Infants and young children are totally dependent on nurturance from their parents and/or other caregivers. Parenting is demanding because meeting the needs of children, let alone maximizing their potential, requires personal, social, and economic resources. Thus, becoming a parent too soon, before adult abilities are attained and before the necess
Pathways to Adulthood and Marriage: Teenagers’ Attitudes, Expectations, and Relationship Patterns. References
Abma, J.C., G.M. Martinez, W.D. Mosher, and B.S. Dawson. "Teenagers in the United States: Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing, 2002." National Center for Health Statistics. Vital and Health Statistics , series 23, no. 24, December 2004. Amato, Paul R. "Children of Divorce in the 1990s: An Update of the Amato and Keith (1991) Me
Pathways to Adulthood and Marriage: Teenagers’ Attitudes, Expectations, and Relationship Patterns. Which Young Adults Are Most Likely to Marry and Cohabit?
Until this point, we have examined whether various factors, such as gender, race/ethnicity, and income, are related to relationship behaviors and outcomes. Certain of these characteristics, however, may be linked with each other. For example, what if adolescents who grew up with single parents and those who grew up in low-income households are les
Pathways to Adulthood and Marriage: Teenagers’ Attitudes, Expectations, and Relationship Patterns. What Are the Typical Family Structures of Teens?
The family is the first environment in which youth experience adult relationships. Family composition and adult behaviors — such as the presence of one or both parents and the quality and stability of their relationships — have long-lasting consequences for youth. Past research has consistently shown, for example, that children whose parents
Pathways to Adulthood and Marriage: Teenagers’ Attitudes, Expectations, and Relationship Patterns. Contents
What Are the Typical Family Structures of Teens? What Do Teens Think of Their Parents’ Relationships?
Pathways to Adulthood and Marriage: Teenagers’ Attitudes, Expectations, and Relationship Patterns. ASPE Research Brief.. References
Amato, Paul R. “Children of Divorce in the 1990s: An Update of the Amato and Keith (1991) Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Family Psychology , vol. 15, no. 3, 2001, pp. 355-370. Bumpass, Larry and Hsien-Hen Lu. “Trends in Cohabitation and Implications for Children’s Family Contexts in the United States.” Population Studies, vol. 54, 2000, p
Overview The District of Columbia (DC) provides adult day care, also called geriatric day care, through District of Columbia Office on Aging grants issued under the District of Columbia State Plan on Aging to providers who are governed by geriatric day care requirements issued and administered by the Office on Aging. These requirements are cit
The Long Term Impact of Adolescent Risky Behaviors and Family Environment. Chapter VII: Discussion and Future Directions
In this study we have addressed a set of issues which have generally not been analyzed previously. We first examined the relationship between adolescent risky behaviors and long-term adult outcomes. Five adolescent behaviors were studied: alcohol use, marijuana use, cocaine use, sexual activity, and delinquency. Multiple outcomes were measured acr
Regulatory Review of Adult Day Services: Final Report SECTION 2. STATE REGULATORY PROFILES
PUBLIC LAW 104-191 104th Congress An Act To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to improve portability and continuity of health insurance coverage in the group and individual markets, to combat waste, fraud, and abuse in health insurance and health care delivery, to promote the use of medical savings accounts, to improve access to