Peter Kemper, Randall S. Brown, George J. Carcagno, Robert A. Applebaum, Jon B. Christianson, Walter Corson, Shari Miller Dunstan, Thomas Grannemann, Margaret Harrigan, Nancy Holden, Barbara R. Phillips, Jennifer Schore, Craig Thornton, Judith Wooldridge and Felicity Skidmore
In some cases, achieving our strategic goals and objectives may be impeded by factors that are beyond the control of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). For example, national or local economic conditions can influence whether we are successful in helping families on welfare become economically independent. In some cases, there may b
Because irreversible anonymization often is undesirable on scientific grounds, the procedures and methods of key-coding of various forms are essential techniques. Some of the practices are very technical. Degree of key-coding or "masking" is relative. It is a question of the extent to which personal identifiability is obscured—which is to say, t
Much very useful health research is performed on completely anonymized data. If for a particular research project there are no compelling reasons for retaining at least potential identifiability, anonymized data should be used. Though this injunction might sound unnecessary, it is stated here because often, data with identifiers are used just beca
From a privacy-protection perspective, there is a very wide distinction between personally identifiable data and truly anonymized data . But in practice the demarcation between these extremes is not sharp. Attending assiduously to where particular data lie on the spectrum between them, and especially to data that are somewhere in the middle, i
All over the world, health and disease are monitored. Starting with prenatal observations and birth data, throughout life health-related measurements and observations accumulate. Analyses are made to portray the "natural history" of diseases and disabilities—how they start, progress in a person or spread to others, and run their courses. Also an
So many kinds of health data are collected that it would be distracting and soporific to do more here than take note of the major categories. But it is essential to recognize: (a) that great research power resides in a diversity of health data, and (b) that privacy issues surround many kinds of data beyond those in primary medical records.
Although definitions need not be belabored here, a few concepts and items of vocabulary are necessary.
Data is taken to mean discrete bits of information. As one dictionary has it: "Data are facts or figures from which conclusions may be inferred." For most research now, data are converted into numerical form for processing by computers.
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective
We will help state and local health agencies develop and implement surveillance and prevention programs that reduce environmental threats. We will focus our efforts on reducing threats to children by helping state and local agencies:
How We Will Accomplish Our Objective
We will carry out education campaigns to encourage the public to improve their diet and exercise habits. Our focus will be on:
conducting our Five-A-Day education program on the importance of eating vegetables and fruits.
All 38 of Maine's acute care hospitals are under contract to connect to the HIE. HIN has 34 of the 38 hospitals connected, 376 ambulatory provider sites including primary and specialty care practices, FQHCs, mental health agencies, home health and two long-term care providers. Throughout 2013, HIN will work to establish connections with the four r
The Commission considered several ways in which its medical-record recommendations might be implemented and enforced. The alternatives considered ranged from a wholly voluntary approach to Federal legislation which, like the 1974 Drug Abuse and Alcoholism statutes, 49 would make compliance with the recommendations a requirement attached to the di
In contrast to most life insurers, a property and liability insurance company has a ready market among people concerned about the replacement cost of tangible assets or about protecting themselves against liability claims brought by others.
Life and health insurers and their agents have different reasons for collecting and using information about individuals than property and liability insurers. In the first place, people often have to be persuaded to buy life insurance, whereas there is a ready market for property and liability coverage. Moreover, because life insurance is often sol