Most team members interviewed or surveyed have changed the way they think about their work as a result of their experiences working with cities during the pilot. To varying degrees, they have acquired new skills, new awareness of the city context, and greater ability to collaborate and integrate programs across departments and stakeholders. These
In 2011, the U.S. federal government launched the Strong Cities, Strong Communities Initiative, a new model of federal-local collaboration designed to (i) improve how the federal government invests in cities, (ii) offer technical assistance to support local priorities, and (iii) help to coordinate funds at the local, state, and federal level. A co
Federal Role in Revitalizing Distressed Cities: Interagency Collaboration and Local Partnerships. 3.1.2 Strategic Workforce Alignment Group
The Strategic Workforce Alignment Group (SWAG) in Cleveland, Ohio, is a partnership created “to develop an approach for the Workforce Investment Board (WIB) to improve the alignment of workforce employment, training, and education programs with the needs of employers for skilled workers.” 6 The Department of Labor team member assigned to Clev
The federal government has historically invested significant resources in the nation’s distressed cities. However, the benefits of these investments have often not been fully realized. Many of the most distressed cities have lacked the capacity to effectively use these resources and, in some cases, the segmented nature of the resources comin
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. To What Extent has HRSA's Poison Help Campaign Increased Awareness and Knowledge of the Poison Help Number, Poison Centers, and Poison Center Services?
The Poison Help General Population Survey was designed to assess the campaign's effects among 2,000 households in the United States. The 10-minute telephone survey was conducted with an adult household member and addressed topics related to the types of individuals or organizations they would contact (e.g., poison center, 911, family member) to
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. What are State Level Practitioners' Awareness and Uses of Primary Sources for Evidence-based Interventions?
The Center of Excellence for Training and Research Translation at the University of North Carolina provided public health practitioners with evidence to develop and implement interventions to prevent obesity, heart disease and stroke.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. How Might the What Activities are Exemplary Health Centers Conducting to Integrate Public Health Into Primary Care and What Successes, Barriers and Lessons Learned Can Be Used to Inform Further Integration Activities?
A series of focus groups were held with informal caregivers of seniors to provide insights into how the National Institute of Aging (NIA) can effectively disseminate information to the senior population.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. What is the Best Method to Evaluate - the Long Term Care Ombudsman Program to Measure Program Efficiency, Effectiveness And Outcomes?
Researchers developed a comprehensive evaluation design of the Administration for Community Living's Long Term Care Ombudsman Program.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. To What Extent Have the Combating Autism Act Initiative Research, Training and State Implementation Grantees Achieved the Program's Objectives?
A 3-year study assessed the performance of training, research, and state systems grant programs in meeting the objectives of the Combating Autism Act Initiative.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Can Interventions that are Focused on Different Levels of Influence on Adolescents (school, providers, and parents) have an Impact on Adolescent Risk for STD, HIV, and Pregnancy?
Project Connect consisted of three years of formative research and five years of implementation in 26 middle and high schools in Los Angeles. Intervention and control high schools were paired on comparable ethnic composition, STD and birth rates.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. How Can A Technology Transfer Center Better Meet the Needs of Its Target Audience in the Private Sector?
The goals of the National Cancer Institute's Technology Transfer Center are to transfer knowledge, materials, and technologies to industry and university partners for translation into clinical products and to improve public health by facilitating the development of biomedical discoveries of NIH researchers. A needs assessment was undertaken using
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Is the Clinical and Translational Science Awards Program Enhancing Institutional Capacity for Conducting Clinical and Translational Research?
The Clinical and Translational Science Awards program is designed to accelerate the pace of discovery and promote the translation of research findings to improve health care. The program currently supports 60 medical research centers throughout the United States. An initial evaluation examined program implementation to assess whether, and in what
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. What Methods can Effectively Enable Data Re-use and Interoperable Health Information Exchange?
Researchers sought to identify ways to support cost-effective data re-use and interoperable health information exchange (HIE) by long term/post-acute care (LTPAC) providers, particularly nursing homes and home health agencies.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Have Suicide Prevention Grants Increased Early Identification and Referrals Linked to Treatment, Awareness, and Knowledge Related to Suicide Prevention?
The Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Act is the largest Federal effort directed specifically at the tragedy of youth suicide. Increasing emphasis is placed on diversifying community-based youth suicide prevention efforts so that they reach certain high-risk youth groups.
Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Have the Garrett Lee Smith Suicide Prevention Grants Increased Awareness, Knowledge, Early Identification, and Referrals Linked to Treatment?
All Garrett Lee Smith Program grant recipients participate in a national cross-site evaluation. This participation allows for large sample comparisons of early intervention activities and the collection of information on the use of best and promising practices. Grantees have used program resources to develop a wide array of suicide prevention st
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. What Were the Effects of Community-Wide Service Delivery System Education Programs Upon Marriages and Relationships?
This study examined the implementation of five research and demonstration projects funded and managed by the Office of Child Support Enforcement.
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. What Evidence Supports The Contributions Of Management and Leadership To Improved Outcomes In Global Health?
There is growing awareness that well-led and -managed global health solutions are required to achieve effective, efficient, and sustainable health programs, especially at the scale needed to attain Millennium Development Goals and other global targets. Researchers at George Washington University examined more than 300 documents to assess the evide
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. What Is The Impact Of Biosurveillance Systems On Public Health System Preparedness, Detection And Response To Public Health Threats?
Researchers sought to understand the characteristics, scope and geographic dispersion of syndromic surveillance systems. Researchers identified the following key elements which make biosurveillance useful and acceptable to users: 1) automation (does not rely on someone to report the information); 2) flexibility (can create filters and querie
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. What Is The Role And Impact Of A Biosurveillance System On The Detection And Response To An Outbreak?
The role and impact of a biosurveillance system on the detection and response to disease outbreaks or adverse weather-related health events were studied by the following activities: 1) case studies of biosurveillance system use in North Carolina and Texas in 2007; 2) a case study of an itch mite outbreak in Illinois in 2007; 3) a case study of th
Performance Improvement 2011-2012. How Effective Has the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's National Guideline Clearinghouse Been on the Dissemination of Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines?
The National Guideline Clearinghouse is a publicly available database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents. It provides Internet users with free online access to guidelines at http://www.guideline.gov .