David Berns Director El Paso County Department of Human Services Colorado Springs, CO Donna M. Butts Executive Director Generations United Washington, DC Liz Carpenter Relative Caregiver Austin TX Sarah T. Casken Executive Director Hawaii State Foster Parents Association Kailiua, HI Sandra Stukes Chipungu Professor
Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Economic Security Risk Factor 1. Poverty Rates
Figure ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Age: 1959-2005
Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. Relative Foster Care Workgroup Meeting, Summary of Proceedings. February 24-25, 1994. Submitted by Westover Consultants, Inc., Washington, DC. Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. Relative Foster Care Workgroup Meeting, Summary of Proceedings. September 22-23, 1994. AFCARS, U.S. Depa
Table B.1: States’ Definition of Kin 1 (N=44)
Report to the Congress on Kinship Foster Care. VI. Gaps in Research, Evaluation and Other Information
Issue: What are the gaps in our understanding of kinship care that should be addressed in the coming years? Discussion: While we were able to identify considerable relevant research, which is described in the research review that accompanies this policy discussion, there remain many gaps in our knowledge about kinship care and its use within
Report to the Congress on Kinship Foster Care. IV. The Role of Kinship Care as a Permanency Option for Children
Issue: How does kinship foster care fit into permanency planning efforts and under what circumstances should children remain in long-term foster care placements with relatives?
Issue: Should kin foster parents receive the same level of financial support for the care of foster children as is provided to non-kin foster parents? Should such support be available only while the child remains in State custody, or should it continue if the child is discharged to the relative’s legal custody?
Extended family members often provide crucial support for children during parental crises. Grandparents, aunts, uncles, and other relatives routinely step in to care for children when parents cannot. Usually these are informal custody arrangements handled privately among family members. Occasionally, legal custody of children is transferred to a r
In passing the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA, P.L. 105-89), the Congress recognized the growing practice of using relatives as licensed foster parents in many States and communities in the United States. As a step toward building a better understanding upon which to base future policy and legislative decisions, the Congress requeste
See Chapter 5 for a complete discussion of data limitations. Throughout this report, we differentiate between these two types of arrangements. When we wish to discuss both types of arrangements together, we refer to them as simply kinship care. Takas used similar terms to differentiate kinship care arrangements, but her definition of public k
Several research and data-gathering efforts now being planned or already underway should significantly improve our understanding of kinship care. A few of the larger efforts include:
This chapter includes all available information on three of the items for which Congress specifically requested information: services provided to kinship caregivers and to birth parents, birth parents’ access to their children in care, and permanency plans for children in kinship care. Listed below are additional information needed and potential
Public kinship care appears to offer stable placements for children; however, if these placements are not considered acceptable permanent goals, they may impede other options for permanent placement. Children in public kinship care are less likely to be reunified with their parents (AFCARS, 1998; Berrick et al., 1995; Testa, 1997), but those who a
Caseworkers’ goals for the permanent living arrangements of children in public kinship care appear to differ from those for children in non-kin foster care. It is difficult to determine the proportion of kin and non-kin foster children for whom permanent reunification with their birth families is a goal because the data are inconsistent. Some da
Permanency refers to the child welfare goal of securing, as quickly as possible, a stable living arrangement for children who must be removed from their parents’ homes. As discussed below, the unique nature of kinship care often makes traditional plans for permanency—specifically, reunification with parents or adoption— problematic. Moreover
This chapter includes all available information on two of the items for which Congress specifically requested information: the conditions under which children enter care and the characteristics of kinship caregivers and their households. Listed below are additional information needed and potential sources of this information.
This chapter includes all available information on two of the items for which Congress specifically requested information: the costs and sources of funds for kinship care and State policies regarding kinship care. Listed below are additional information needed and potential sources of this information.
Together, Federal and State policies create a maze of varying kinship care definitions, policies, and practices.
Passed in 1997, ASFA is one of the first pieces of Federal legislation that acknowledges the unique position of kin within the foster care system. The law differentiates between public kinship care and non-kin foster care in two ways. First, it clearly indicates that “a fit and willing relative” could provide a “planned permanent living arra