Work-Family Supports for Low-Income Families: Key Research Findings and Policy Trends. Work-Family Supports for Low-Income Families: Key Research Findings and Policy Trends : Table 6


: Table 6

LegislationMain Purpose
The Family And Medical Insurance Leave (FAMILY) Act (2013)To provide up to 12 weeks of two-thirds wage replacement to workers in both large and small organizations.  To be administered by a new office within the Social Security Administration; financed by payroll tax on employers and employees of 0.2%.
The Federal Employees Paid Parental Leave Act (2013, 2011, 2009)To provide four weeks of paid leave among the 12 weeks of unpaid leave the FMLA offers, for federal-employee parents of new children (federal employees do not receive dedicated paid parental leave).
Family Income to Respond to Significant Transitions (FIRST) (2009)To award state grants to expand on or build programs to provide partial wage replacement for caregiving due to birth or adoption, or other purposes consistent with the FMLA.
The Family Leave Insurance Act (2009)To establish a national fund and contract with states to establish or expand existing state systems, or piggy-back on the capacity of the Social Security Administration on state request.  Would create a national paid family and medical leave insurance program, allowing for equivalent state and/or private programs.
The Healthy Families Act (2013, 2011, 2009)To enact a mandate on employers of 15 or more employees to provide up to seven days of paid sick leave for use for the employee’s medical needs, those of a family member, or to address incidents of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
The Working Families Flexibility Act (2012, 2009)[38]To allow workers to request flexible work arrangements, and to require employers to consider requests (a “right to request flexibility” policy).
The Balancing Act of 2011To enact a comprehensive work-family support agenda, including FMLA expansion, child care support, paid parental leave, paid sick leave, and workplace flexibility.