Teen Parent Provisions

06/30/1998

Teen Parent Provisions

StateLiving Arrangement RequirementsSchool Attendance RequirementsGoals for Reductions in Teen and Out-of-Wedlock Births
Ala.Alabama will continue the ASSETS demonstration provisions regarding the conditions when teen parents are not required to live with a specified relative.Teen parents must meet work requirement, which for teens who are 16 but not yet 18 includes attending school or its equivalent full-time.Not specified.
AlaskaMinor parents, defined as individuals under the age of 18 who are not married or emancipated, must live with an adult relative, a legal guardian, or in an approved living arrangement. The adult will receive the minor parent's ATAP payment.Minor parents without a diploma must meet high school, GED or state-approved alternative education or training requirements. Satisfactory attendance is meeting the school's attendance requirements or by attending GED classes.Not specified.
ArizIn order to receive assistance, teen parents must reside with their parent or other responsible adult relative. Based on its waiver, Arizona indicates that it will not provide or assist the teen parent in locating a second-chance home, maternity home, or other appropriate adult-supervised supportive living arrangement.Teen parents aged 13-16 are required to attend school or participate in another educational program as their work requirement.Arizona has established the goal of reducing out-of-wedlock births to no more than 37.5% of all births by 2005. Arizona's goal for the under 15 age group is to maintain the birth rate at less than 1 percent; for the 15-17 age group, to lower the birth rate to 3.5 percent; and for the 18-19 age group, to lower the birth rate to 8.5 percent.
Ark.Unmarried parents under age 18 must reside in a home maintained by a parent, legal guardian or other adult relative unless they meet the specified exemption criteria.The minor parent program will ensure that participants are enrolled in either basic education or some kind of training, getting basic skills and education or work experience.Not specified.
Calif.Pregnant or parenting teens will be required to live at home, with good cause exceptions, if they are to receive financial assistance.Not specified.Not specified.
Colo.Teen parents under age 18 and not married must live with a parent or adult relative or guardian, or in a supervised setting, with exceptions for good cause.Minor parents who have not completed high school or its equivalent must attend high school, work on a GED, or be in an alternative education or training program approved by the state. Teen parents will be considered satisfactorily attending an educational program unless they have dropped out.County departments will include in their county plan a provision designed to reduce out-of-wedlock births. Each plan shall have a goal of a reduction of at least 1 percent from the 1995 levels.
Conn.Minor parents must live with a parent, stepparent or legal guardian, unless they have good cause, even if they have lived apart for a year prior to the birth of the child or application for AFDC. Living with spouse is considered good cause for married minors. If good cause exists, the minor parent must live with other relatives or in a supervised living arrangement if available. Connecticut identifies this as a point of inconsistency between its waiver and TANF. The payment will be made to the adult relative, on behalf of the minor parent and child.Under Connecticut's waiver, school attendance for minor parents is considered a work participation requirement. The penalty for failure to comply is the same as for any other mandatory participant who fails to comply (increasing sanctions, leading to full-family sanction). Connecticut identifies this as a point of inconsistency between its waiver and TANF.Goal is to reduce the teen pregnancy rate to 23 births per 1,000 girls aged 10 to 17 by the year 2000.
Del.Effective October 1, 1999, Delaware will end assistance to teen parents. In lieu thereof, Delaware will provide alternative support services and benefits. The caretaker of a teen parent who is not a parent must demonstrate why the teen is not living with a parent and must agree to be a party to the Contract of Mutual Responsibility and fulfill the same responsibilities thereunder as a parent.Teenage mothers must stay in school, immunize their children, and participate in parenting education. Note: Delaware indicates that its family cap will apply to children who are the first-born children of teens who are receiving TANF as dependent children.For the three year period April 1, 1997 to March 31, 2000, Delaware has the following goals: to increase the percentage of adolescents choosing abstinence; to reduce the rate of unintended pregnancies to residents age 15-44 by 3 percent; to reduce the rate of pregnancies to residents under age 15 by 5 percent a year; to reduce the rate of pregnancy for adolescents age 15-19 by 5 percent a year (from the projected rate of 61.64 for FY 96 to 58.59 for FY 97); and to reduce the repeat pregnancy rate among adolescents under age 19.
D.C.Pregnant or parenting teens who have never been married are eligible for assistance only if the applicant and the applicant's child reside in a residence maintained by the applicant's parent or legal guardian, or in another living arrangement where an adult assumes responsibility for the care and control of the minor parent and dependent child or supportive services are provided. Exceptions are made when the applicant has no living parent or guardian whose whereabouts are known, the applicant has lived apart from her parent or guardian for at least one year before either the birth of the child or the application for assistance, or there is other good cause.A pregnant or parenting teen shall be required to attend school regularly each semester and experience no more than 10 full school days or 20 half days of unexcused absences in one school semester. The penalty for failure to do so is a $50 reduction in the benefit amount. A pregnant or parenting teen who fails to meet these requirements shall be provided with counseling, tutoring or other supportive services deemed appropriate. These requirements shall not apply to the caretaker of a child under 90 days old.Not specified.
Fla.In order for a teen parent and his or her child to be eligible for assistance, the teen parent must reside with a parent, guardian or other adult caretaker relative. The income and resources of the parent will be included in calculating the assistance available to a teen parent. This requirement is waived if the Department determines that the teen parent has suffered or might suffer harm in the home of the parent, guardian or caretaker relative, or that it is not in the best interest of the teen parent or the child to reside there. In that event, the Department shall provide or assist the teen parent in finding an appropriate adult-supervised living arrangement. Temporary assistance may not be paid directly to the teen parent, but must be paid to an alternative payee.In order for a teen parent and his or her child to be eligible for assistance, the teen parent must attend school or an approved alternative training program, unless the child is less than 12 weeks old or the teen parent has completed high school. The teen parent must also attend parenting and family classes.Florida sets a target of reducing annual out-of-wedlock births by about 5,000 births and the percentage of out-of-wedlock births by 3 percentage points by 2005.
Ga.Teen parents will be required to live in an adult-supervised setting unless DHR determines it would be detrimental to the child or parent to impose this requirement.Minor parents must attend school or other equivalent training program in order to be eligible for assistance.Not specified.
HawaiiHawaii cites as a point of inconsistency between its waiver and TANF that teen heads of household shall be eligible for assistance even if not living in an adult-supervised setting.Teen parents who lack a high school diploma or GED must participate in appropriate educational activities. Under the waiver terms and conditions, the sanction for noncompliance was the regular JOBS sanction.Not specified.
IdahoUnmarried minors with children must live at home with the minor's parents unless good cause exists.Not specified.Same as the national Year 2000 objective: to reduce to no more than 30 percent the proportion of all pregnancies that are unintended.
Ill.Unmarried parents under the age of 18 and their children living with them will be assisted only if residing with their parent or other supervising adult, unless specified exemptions are met. Illinois finds it in the best interest of the minor parent and child to waive this requirement when the minor parent has lived apart from the parent or guardian for at least 1 year before the child's birth or applying for TANF.Minor parents under 20, married or unmarried, with no child under the age of 12 weeks, may receive assistance only if they have completed high school, have a GED, or are attending school. If not, their children may still receive assistance.Not specified.
Ind.Minor parents must live with a parent or other legally responsible guardian, and may only receive assistance as the dependent child of that adult. These provisions do not apply to a minor parent who is married or a high school graduate, or if the minor parent does not have a living parent or guardian, or if her physical health and safety or her child's would be in danger.Teen parents are subject to the same requirements as other minor children. Continued non-attendance will be sanctioned by a removal of the student's needs from the grant. If the parent does not cooperate in resolving the problem, his or her needs may also be removed from the grant.Not specified.
IowaWhen the parent of the dependent child is under 18 and never married (or marriage was annulled), the minor parent must live with an adult parent or legal guardian, or establish good cause for not doing so.Not specified.Not specified.
Kan.Not specified.Not specified.Not specified.
Ky.No assistance is available to an unmarried minor parent who does not live in an adult-supervised setting. In the absence of such a setting, a referral will be made to the Department of Social Services to protect the well-being of the minor parent and the child. This requirement may be waived in accordance with 42 USC 608. Teen parents in families already receiving assistance will not be established as separate families for payment.To participate in K-TAP, teenage parents under age 18 must attend high school or other equivalence programs in accordance with Federal guidelines. Parents of a child under 12 weeks of age will not be penalized for failure to attend school. If the minor parent is denied assistance, protective payments may be made on behalf of the child. As funding permits, incentives will be used to encourage teen parents to stay in school and graduate.Goals are established to reduce the out-of-wedlock birth rate by 2 percent in each of 1996 and 1997, by 1.5 percent in 1998, and by 1 percent annually from 1999 to 2002.
La.Minor unmarried parents and their children must, with certain exceptions, reside in the home of the minor's parent, legal guardian, other qualified adult relative, or in a foster home, maternity home or other adult-supervised environment. Where possible, aid will be provided to the parent, guardian or other adult relative on behalf of the minor and dependent child.Annual participation in a Parenting Skills Training program will be a mandatory requirement for recipients under the age of 20 who have a child. Failure to meet this requirement, without good cause, will result in removal of the parent's needs from the budget group until compliance is demonstrated.Not specified.
MaineAll minor parents and pregnant women under age 18 must receive benefits as voucher or vendor payments instead of cash payment. Unmarried minor parents must live with parents, other adult relatives, or in an adult-supervised supportive living arrangement unless good cause reasons exist.Not specified.The Department plans to reduce the pregnancy rate as follows: for 10-14 year olds, from 0.7 (in 1992) to 0 per 1,000 females for 15-17 year olds, from 37.9 (in 1992) to 30 per 1,000 females for 18-19 year olds, from 101.4 (in 1992) to 80 per 1,000 females by 2005.
Md.In order to receive assistance, an unmarried parent or pregnant minor must reside in the household of the minor's parents, legal guardian, other adult relative, or in a supportive living arrangement.In order to receive assistance, teen parents must be in an educational activity directed at the attainment of a high school diploma or its equivalent. Teen parents who have not finished secondary school will not be exempted to care for a child younger than 12 months.Maryland's goal is to reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock births by 1 percent by 1997 and to continue to reduce it over time.
Mass.Parents under the age of 20 must live in the home of a parent or adult relative, or if there is abuse or neglect at home, in a supervised, structured setting, unless they meet the Department's criteria to live independently.Parents under the age of 20 must have a high school diploma or GED or be in a program to obtain one. Failure of a teen parent to comply with the school/training attendance requirement will be sanctioned by a reduction in the grant by an amount equal to the teen parent's needs, for the first instance. If the noncompliance continues beyond 30 days, and for subsequent instances of noncompliance, the teen parent and his/her child will both be ineligible.Not specified.
Mich.A minor parent living with a parent or stepparent may not receive assistance on her own behalf, but must be the dependent child of her parent or stepparent. Minor parents who are not living with a parent, stepparent or legal guardian must be referred to Services for a good cause determination, even if the minor parent and child are living with another adult relative. If the client has good cause, she must live with an adult relative or in an approved adult-supervised living arrangement.Minor parents who have not completed high school must attend school as a condition of eligibility. Michigan will not deny FIP assistance to a minor parent with a child under the age of 12 weeks for the failure of the minor parent to attend school.Not specified.
Minn.Not specified.Minor caregivers under the age of 20 who have not received a high school diploma or its equivalent will be required to engage in appropriate educational programs.Not specified.
Miss.Mississippi will deny TANF benefits to teenage parents not living in an adult-supervised setting without good cause.Mississippi will deny TANF benefits to teenage parents without a high school education or equivalent who do not attend school or an equivalent training program, without good cause.Not specified.
Mo.Teen parents must live with their own parents, an adult relative, or in another adult-supervised supportive living arrangement. Certain exceptions are allowed. Teen parents may establish themselves and their dependent children as a separate assistance unit, and the state will disregard grandparents' income up to 100 percent of the poverty line, if they are not included in the assistance unit.Not specified. Missouri will disregard earned income of parent caretakers under age 19 who are full-time students for purposes of eligibility and benefit determination.Not specified.
Mont.In order to receive cash assistance, teen parents must live in an adult-supervised setting, as defined by the state.In order to receive cash assistance, teen parents must attend high school or other equivalent training program.Not specified.
Neb.Not specified.Not specified.Not specified.
Nev.An unmarried minor parent must live with a birth or adoptive parent, other adult relative, or in an adult-supervised supportive living arrangement, unless she meets one of the good cause exemptions set by the state. When a minor parent alleges good cause to not live with parents, a social worker will determine the appropriateness of the living arrangement and assist the minor parent with a second-chance home, as necessary.The Personal Responsibility Plan for pregnant and parenting teens includes the requirement that minor parents stay in school. Community-based programs will be used in assisting teen parents to achieve education and self-sufficiency goals, including life skills, money management, parenting, nutrition, conflict resolution, interpersonal relationships, and job search. Incentives may be used to encourage parenting teen participation in work activities.Not specified.
N.H.Parents under the age of 18 who are not married must live with their parent, legal guardian, other adult relative, or in another adult-supervised supportive living arrangement in order to receive assistance for themselves and their children. Exemptions form this requirement are made if the parents are dead, can not be located, or refuse to let the minor parent live with them, if they would pose harm to the minor parent and/or the child, or if the unwed minor parent has lived independently for at least one year.Not specified.New Hampshire's goals are, by 2005, to reduce the non-marital teen birth rate to 21.0 per 1,000 (1994 baseline 22.3 per 1,000) and the non-marital birth rate among women ages 20 to 24 to 33.0 per 1,000 (baseline 35.1 per 1,000).
N.J.TANF will provide assistance to unmarried teen parents who live at home or independently until pending legislation is enacted. Under pending Work First NJ legislation, teen parents must live at home or in an adult-supervised living arrangement, with exceptions for good cause. Failure to do so will result in denial of assistance.Teens under the age of 20 must participate in educational activities directed at receiving a high school diploma or GED, or must participate in an alternative program approved by the state. Failure to participate in these activities will result in sanctioning of the teen parent.Not specified.
N.M.To be eligible for PROGRESS benefits, an unmarried unemancipated teen parent (under age 18) must be living with a parent, a responsible relative, or in an approved adult-supervised setting.For teen household heads, job skills training and education directly related to employment and satisfactory attendance in a high school are considered as work activities.Not specified.
N.Y.As under former AFDC program, unmarried minor parents and their children must reside in the household of a parent, legal guardian, or other adult household, or in an adult-supervised supportive living arrangement, unless they have good cause not to, or meet other specified conditions.Not specified.Not specified.
N.C.To be eligible for benefits, teen parents under age 18 must live at home in or another approved adult-supervised environment. Minor parents may not receive assistance directly; payments may be made to the adult with whom the minor parent lives, or to a protective or substitute payee. If no home is available, or if the caseworker determines that a teen mother or her child has been or will be physically or sexually abused, the caseworker will help the underage mother find a second chance home or maternity home, or other approved living arrangement, and require her to live there as a condition of assistance. The state may recognize as adults parents under age 18 who are legally emancipated or who are serving or have served in the armed forces.As part of the personal responsibility contract, parents must make sure that teen parents under age 18 stay in school. To be eligible for benefits, teen parents must stay in school to complete their high school education or equivalent.Not specified.
N.D.Minor parents must live with their parents or in an approved adult-supervised setting to receive assistance through TANF.Minor parents will be required to stay in school. Based on assessments, they may also be required to receive training on issues such as parenting and food and nutrition education.The state's goal is to continue the downward trend in out-of-wedlock births (from 2,257 in 1993 to 2,209 in 1994) by 2 percent per year, allowing for adjustments based on future births and trends.
OhioNot specified.Recipients who are pregnant or parents under the age of 20 must attend school or a program leading to a high school diploma or equivalent.Not specified.
Okla.Not specified.Not specified.OK has as its goal to reduce unintended births in 1996 and 1997 by the same percentage as they were reduced between 1994 and 1995. The state anticipates setting as a goal for future years a 1 percent annual reduction in out-of-wedlock births.
Ore.The income (but not the resources) of the parents of a minor parent are deemed if they are living together and the minor parent is under 17, never married, and not legally emancipated. This includes the parents of a pregnant minor. The income is deemed after deductions for the parents' needs at the ADC standard. Minor parents may apply separately with their dependent children when they live with an adult relative who is not their parent.Standards for satisfactory attendance are to be developed by educational institutions or training programs and approved by the state or local education agency and the state welfare agency. Standards must include both qualitative measures of progress (such as grades or competency gains) and quantitative measures (such as a time limit for completion.)The target is 8 pregnancies for every 1,000 minor females by the year 2000, remaining the same through 2010. Data from 1995 shows that figure now stands at 19.2 pregnancies per 1,000 minor females in Oregon, resulting in 12.2 live births.
Pa.An individual who is under age 18, is not married, and has a minor child in his or her care or is pregnant must reside in a place of residence maintained by a parent, legal guardian, other adult relative, or other appropriate adult-supervised supportive arrangement unless one of several exemptions is met. If the minor parent cannot return to the home of a parent, legal guardian, or other relative, the Department will provide assistance in locating an adult-supervised supportive arrangement, unless the agency determines that the minor parent's living situation is appropriate.Minor parents and pregnant teens must complete an Agreement of Mutual Responsibility, which describes the steps the recipient must take to gain self-sufficiency, the penalties for failure to comply, and the actions to be taken by the Department to support the recipient's efforts. Effective March 3, 1997, refusal to sign the agreement will result in ineligibility.Pennsylvania proposes to reduce the fraction of out-of-wedlock births which are to women aged 19 or younger to 28.15 percent in 1998 (one percentage point lower than the average of 1994-1995).
R.I.Minor parents must live at home with the parents, a relative or legal guardian to be eligible for cash assistance. Unless otherwise authorized, the payment will be made to the adult on the minor parent's behalf. When there is good cause for the minor not to live at home, the minor parent must live in an adult-supervised supportive living arrangement.Minor parents must stay in school.Not specified.
S.C.Not specified.Family Independence recipients under the age of 18 must be enrolled in school and maintain satisfactory attendance, as defined by the South Carolina Department of Education, as a condition of eligibility for benefits.For 1996, SC set as its goal the reduction of the state's illegitimacy rate by 0.25 percent. The goals for reduction of the illegitimacy rate in 1997-2005 will be submitted in an amendment to the state plan.
S.D.Not specified.Not specified.Not specified.
Tenn.Unmarried teen parents and pregnant teens must live in the home with a parent, relative or guardian, unless good cause exists.Teen parents must attend school. This is one element of the personal responsibility plan. The teen shall be sanctioned for failure to attend school by removal of her needs from the benefit calculation.Not specified.
TexasIn order to be eligible for TANF cash assistance, unmarried teen parents must reside with a parent, legal guardian or other adult relative, unless good cause is established by one of the following reasons: parent(s), legal guardian or other adult relative(s) are deceased, their whereabouts are unknown, they will not allow the minor to live with them, the state determines substantial evidence of risk of harm if the minor were to live with the adult relative, or state otherwise determines that it is in the child's best interest to waive the requirement.Not specified.Not specified.
UtahTeen parents who have a de-pendent child in their care must reside with their parent(s), step-parent(s), or legal guardians to be eligible for Family Employment Program, unless the teen parent has good cause to live separately. In cases where good cause is approved, the teen parent must still reside in a suitable adult-supervised living arrangement in order to be eligible. If a single minor parent resides with his or her parent, the income and assets of the senior parent shall be counted in determining eligibility. If the minor parent does not live with his or her parent, the office shall seek an order requiring the senior parent to pay for the minor parent's support.Single minor parents must participate in education for parenting and life skills, participate in infant and child wellness programs and, for at least 20 hours per week, must attend high school or an alternative, if they do not have a high school diploma, participate in education or training, or participate in employment.Utah aims to reduce the teenage birth rate by 3 percent per year through 2002.
Vt.Pregnant and parenting minors who are not emancipated minors must live with a parent or in an approved supervised living arrangement, subject to good cause exceptions. The sanction for failure to do so may not be more stringent than the sanctions for failure to comply with work requirements. Teen parents who live with their parents may have their eligibility and benefits calculated without respect to their parents' income.Pregnant and parenting minors must attend school or an appropriate alternative education or training activity. Their Family Development Plan must include a requirement to participate in a case-managed support, education and training program.Not specified.
Va.A minor mother must live with her parent or a person standing in loco parentis in order to receive benefits. Assistance is denied if this requirement is not met. There are exceptions if the minor parent is married, the minor parent has no parent who is living or whose whereabouts are known, there is no appropriate person willing to assume the responsibility, or the physical or emotional health and safety of the minor parent or dependent child would be jeopardized if they lived with the parent or other adult.Minor parents under age 18 must comply with compulsory school attendance requirements in order to be eligible for assistance.Not specified.
Wash.The Department shall determine, after consideration of all relevant factors and in consultation with the applicant, the most appropriate living situation for applicants under age 18, unmarried, and either pregnant or with a de-pendent child. Appropriate living situations shall include a place of residence maintained by the applicant's parent, legal guardian, or other adult relative as their own home, or other appropriate adult-supervised supportive living arrangement. An applicant under the age of 18 who is not living in such a situation shall be presumed to be unable to manage adequately the funds paid on behalf of the dependent child, and unless the teen parent demonstrates otherwise, shall be subject to protective payee requirements.Custodial parents age 19 or younger who have not completed high school or equivalent will be assigned to basic educational activities as their JOBS activities. Non-participants will be subject to JOBS sanctions.Not specified.
W.Va.Minor parents are required to live with their parents or in an adult-supervised setting.As part of their Personal Responsibility Contract, teen parents must agree to stay in an educational activity to complete high school, get a GED, or get vocational training and make satisfactory progress without getting into trouble. They may also be required to attend parenting classes and/or participate in a mentoring program.FPP will have as its goal to increase the availability of contraceptive services and pregnancy prevention education to adolescents by 5 percent from 1996 to 2005. RFTS will have as its goal to prevent subsequent teen pregnancies and/or illegitimate pregnancies by 2 percent of the total births from 1996 to 2005.
Wis.Minor parents are not eligible for program benefits, except child care, health care, and case management services. Minor parents must live in an adult-supervised living arrangement, usually with their parent(s). If the W-2 agency determines that the minor or his/her child is in an unsafe living environment, a referral will be made to the county child welfare office.Minor parents who are part of a W-2 group are subject to the same provisions as other children. This includes meeting school attendance requirements, as defined by the state. The sanction for noncompliance is $50 per month.Not specified.
Wyo.Not specified.Not specified.The goal is to reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies by 1 percent per year based on the 1995 statistics.