Table A.1 describes the variables used in the empirical analysis in section 4, and the sources and construction of these variables.

09/01/2007

Table A.1 describes the variables used in the empirical analysis in section 4, and the sources and construction of these variables.

VariableUnit of measurementSourceComments
State populationNumberBureau of Economic Analysis 
Per capita health expenditureThousands of current dollarsCMSTotal personal health care expenditure divided by state population
Per capita GSPThousands of current dollarsBureau of Economic AnalysisGross state product divided by state population
Unemployment ratePercentageBureau of Labor StatisticsBy state
Per capita state government health expenditureThousands of current dollarsCensus Bureau, CMSState expenditures on health and hospitals added to state Medicaid expenditure. Total divided by state population.
Per capita state government all other expendituresThousands of current dollarsCensus BureauState expenditure divided by state population
Per capita state government total expenditureThousands of current dollarsCensus BureauState expenditure divided by state population
Per capita state government debtThousands of current dollarsCensus BureauState debt at the end of fiscal year divided by state population
Share of benefits in total compensation in 1987PercentageBureau of Economic AnalysisBenefits or supplements to wages and salaries as a percent of total compensation to employees
Medical care price indexNumberBureau of Labor StatisticsConsumer price index (U.S. city average) for medical care; base period: 1982-84 = 100
Share of employee contribution to premiumsPercentageMedical Expenditure Panel SurveyPercent of total premiums contributed by employees enrolled in single coverage at private-sector establishments offering insurance
Unionization (percent)PercentageBureau of Labor StatisticsUnion members as a percent of total employed workers
Labor productivity: value added per workerThousands of current dollarsBureau of Economic AnalysisValue added by an industry divided by its total number of employees
EmploymentThousands of workersBureau of Economic AnalysisBy industry
Gross outputMillions of current dollarsBureau of Economic AnalysisBy industry
Value added to GDPMillions of current dollarsBureau of Economic AnalysisBy industry