Table 3. Selected Federal Programs That Assist Homeless Children and Their Families

05/15/2010

Table 3. Selected Federal Programs That Assist Homeless Children and Their Families

ProgramAgency/ DepartmentWho is eligibleEligibilityService(s)
McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth ProgramOffice of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of EducationHomeless children in schools.Must report they are homeless at a schoolTransportation to school of origin
Medicaid & Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP)Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Department of Health and Human ServicesLow income childrenUS Citizen or lawfully admitted immigrant, must meet specific income levels by state and ageHealth/mental health insurance
National School Lunch and Breakfast ProgramsFood and Nutrition Service, Department of AgricultureHomeless children in schoolMust report they are homeless at a school. Then they are categorically eligibleFree lunch and breakfast where available at schools
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)Food and Nutrition Service, Department of AgricultureChildren in households with a citizen or legal immigrantIncome and resource limitationsSNAP benefits (formerly, food stamps)
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)Internal Revenue ServiceLow to moderate income workers Refundable tax credit
Child Tax Credit (CTC)Internal Revenue ServiceWorking individual with care of a childMust have a child under age 17, some citizenship requirementsFederal tax reduction
Section 8: Housing Choice Voucher ProgramPublic and Indian Housing, Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentLow income families, seniors and the disabledUS Citizens and some with eligible immigration status. Income requirements vary by location.Rent assistance
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)Administration for Children and Families,  Department of Health and Human ServicesLow income familiesEligibility varies by state as do work, school and other requirementsCash assistance
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)Administration for Children and Families,  Department of Health and Human ServicesLow income householdsVaries by state. In some states households who receive TANF, Social Security Income (SSI) or Food Stamps are categorically eligibleAssistance for paying energy bills
Federal-State Unemployment Insurance ProgramEmployment and Training Administration, Department of LaborWorkers who became unemployed through no fault of their ownVaries by stateTemporary financial assistance
Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP)Departments of the Treasury and Housing and Urban DevelopmentHomeownersHomeowners with good credit and payment historiesHome loan refinancing
Home Affordable Mortgage Program (HAMP)Departments of the Treasury and Housing and Urban DevelopmentHomeownersHomeowners with good credit and payment historiesHome mortgage modifications to lower payments and terms
Child Care Assistance through the Child Care and Development FundAdministration for Children and Families, Department of Health and Human ServicesLow income families, families receiving TANF and those transitioningAssistance is for families that need child care to work or attend training or education for children under age 13 unless disabled or under court supervisionSubsidies and payments for child care