Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 33

12/01/1988

: Table 33

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Title:Characteristics and Adaptive Behaviors of New York’s Group Home Occupants
Authors:J.W. Jacobson, E. Sersen, and A.A. Schwartz
Published:Perspectives and Progress in Mental Retardation Volume I - Social. Psychological, and Educational Aspects
Date:1984
Method:Longitudinal data on the adaptive functioning of 1,027 persons with varying degrees of mental retardation were collected through the New York Developmental Disabilities Information System. This instrument includes an abbreviated version of the Minnesota Developmental Programming System Behavior Scales (MDPS-AF). A stepwise multiple regression was performed for each MDPS-AF domain with final domain score as the dependent variable and age, intellectual level, and Time 1 and Time 2 as the independent variables. The investigation was conducted for 12 months.
Summary of Findings:Older persons scored higher than younger persons with similar skills at both times and scored higher at Time 2. Adults with severe/profound MR scored higher at Time 2, persons with mild/moderate MR scored higher than those with severe/profound MR at both times. All clients scored higher at Time 2. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients calculated between change scores and baseline scale scores for each MDPS-AF domain were universally negative: higher initial domain scores were associated with small change scores. A positive association was found between intellectual level and final scores, indicating that persons with lower adaptive scores may show the most change and change was more pronounced among persons with mild/moderate retardation.