Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 26

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Title:A Matched Sample Investigation of Nonadaptive Behavior of Severely Handicapped Adults Across Four Living Situations
Authors:Cheryl A. Scanlon, Joel R. Arick, and David A. Krug
Published:American Journal of Mental Deficiency
Date:1982 (Vol. 86, No. 5)
Method:The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific types of nonadaptive behavior differentiate among severely handicapped residents living in state institutions, private institutions, group homes, and parent’s homes. Thirty six sets of matched severely handicapped subjects (4 subjects per set) were selected form a total population of 519 subjects. They were rated on the Autism Behavior Checklist--by their caretakers and/or parents. Subjects were matched for CA, sex, and language age. Adequate intrarater, interrater, and split-half reliability have been demonstrated with the Checklist.
Summary of Findings:The state institutional population had significantly higher total nonadaptive behavior score than did all other residential categories. No significant total nonadaptive behavior score differences were found between any combination of private institution, group home, and parents’ home. In the area of behavior management problems and current job placements of these adults, 50% of the state institution population were rated as having the former and 52.8% had no job placement. The behavior in the aggressive, impulsive, and object dependency problem areas appear to reflect the most severe types of problem behavior.