Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 25

12/01/1988

: Table 25

Re:
Title:Quantity and Quality of Participation in Community Environments by Mentally Retarded Adults
Authors:John M. Crapps, John Langone, and Sharon Swain
Published:Education and Training of the Mentally Retarded
Date:June 1985
Method:Fifteen mentally retarded adults (11 men, 4 women) living in group homes and intermediate care facilities, all of whom participated in the same sheltered work activity setting within the community, were the focus of the study. Data were gathered in 3 segments: The first and final segments consisted of direct observation of subject participation in community environments. The middle segment consisted of an interview with each subject concerning participation in community environments. Independent rater reliability for the observation data was 100%. Each subject was observed for a total of 52 hours.
Summary of Findings:Subjects spent a majority of their time in their homes apart from time spent in sheltered employment. Actual participation was observed in community environments was less than that reported by the subjects. None of the subjects was observed using public transportation. Most of the time, subjects were accompanied by supervisors thus displaying more passive than active integration. Even though subjects reported that they hardly needed help, they rarely went anywhere independently. Regardless of living arrangements, women in particular spent little time participating in community environments.