Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 17

12/01/1988

: Table 17

Re:Nutritional status change associated with placement in community setting
Title:From Institution to Foster Care: Impact on Nutritional Status.
Authors:Ninfa S. Springer
Published:American Journal of Mental Deficiency
Date:1987, Vol. 91(4).
Method:Subjects were eighty two persons who transferred from a large regional institution to foster-care homes in a county in Michigan--most of whom were either severely or profoundly retarded. Their medical records were screened to identify those at nutritional risk. Comprehensive nutritional assessment was conducted every year from 1982-1984. Results of the assessment were incorporated in the Individual Program Plan along with reports from the clinical team. Data collected were statistically analyzed and these included height, weight, and other bodily changes.
Summary of Findings:Most of the clients’ diets were determined to be generally adequate as compared to the RDA. Majority of the children were short for their age. Findings indicated that 43 of 47 of the clients demonstrated positive changes in height, weight, dietary adequacy, and/or biochemical indices. Results of nutrition assessment demonstrated that most of the clients who were at high nutritional risk generally thrived in foster care despite the more formalized nutritional services associated with the large ICF-MR institution from which they were transferred.