Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 16

12/01/1988

: Table 16

Re:Developmental change associated with community placement
Title:Community Living for Severely and Profoundly Retarded Adults: A Group Home Study.
Authors:Daniel W. Close
Published:Education and Training of the Mentally Retarded
Date:October, 1977.
Method:The study investigated effectiveness of habilitation factors, such as acquisition of self-care sills and performance of social skills, associated with the postinstitutional community placement of adults classified as severely and profoundly mentally retarded. Eight members of this group were randomly selected for placement in a community vocational program and group home, while the remaining seven continued to receive treatment at a state institution for a period of one year. The people selected for community placement were phased into the group home in groups of 4. The training procedures were designed to remediate skill deficiencies in self care areas and social performance; data were collected by means of the Developmental Record, and the Community Living Observational System for observational information.
Summary of Findings:Mean rater reliability on the specific skills observed for the 6 month period was .94. Posttest values for eating, toileting, and hygiene indicated significant differences favoring the experimental group. Differences in the area of social behavior also favored the experimental groups (both in social interaction and lower levels of self-stimulation).