Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 15

12/01/1988

: Table 15

Re:Development change associated with community placement
Title:A Matched Comparison of the Developmental Growth of Institutionalized and Deinstitutionalized Mentally Retarded Clients
Authors:James Conroy, Joelle Efthimiou, & James Lemanowicz
Published:American Journal of Mental Deficiency
Date:May, 1982
Method:Seventy deinstitutionalized subjects were matched for gender, level of retardation, CA + 5 years, years institutionalized, prerelocation Personal Self Sufficiency Score + 4 points and IQ with an equal number of institutionalized controls. The Behavior Development Survey, which is a short research version of the ABS, was used to measure client functioning in the areas of adaptive and maladaptive functioning. A quasi-experimental, pre-post nonequivalent control group design with subjects matched on pretest scores and other variables. The subjects’ functioning was measured at Time 1 and Time 2 over two years.
Summary of Findings:The 70 clients who were placed in community settings were functioning as a higher level of adaptive behavior at Time 2 than their institutionalized peers. Clients with ambulation difficulties, and those who came from the most institutionalized cottages as measured by the Resident Management Scale gained more when relocated to community settings. Older clients gained more in adaptive behavior than did younger clients. No significant changes were noted in the problem behavior of either group.