Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 13

12/01/1988

: Table 13

Re:Developmental change associated with community placement
Title:Assessment of Progress of Institutionalized and Deinstitutionalized Retarded Adults: A Matched-Control Comparison
Authors:Stephen R. Schroeder and Carol Hanes
Published:Mental Retardation
Date:April 1978
Method:Pre- and posttest scores on the Progress Assessment Chart (PAC) of 19 deinstitutionalized persons placed in group homes and an equal number of randomly selected matched control counterparts who remained institutionalized. The domains assessed were self-help, communication, socialization, and occupation over a period of one year. Repeated measures analysis of variance with sex and experimental vs. controls was performed on the pretest scores.
Summary of Findings:Greater general gains in self-help, communication, and socialization skills were seen in the experimental group, with the greatest gains noted in the area of communication. Rank order correlations performed for each group between PAC gain scores, pretest scores, CA, MA, and length of institutionalization (for the experimental group only), showed a positive relationship existed between mental age and PAC pretest scores and a negative relationship between PAC gain scores and length of institutionalization.