Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities. Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities : Table 12

12/01/1988

: Table 12

Re:Developmental change associated with community placement
Title:Effects of Deinstitutionalization on Adaptive Behavior of Mentally Retarded Adults
Authors:Joel Kleinberg and Betsy Galligan
Published:American Journal of Mental Deficiency
Date:1983 (Vol. 88, No. 1, 21-27)
Method:Twenty mentally retarded adults (18-75 years; IQ = 10-51) were moved from a developmental center to 3 community centers for a period of one year. Client functioning was measured at 0, 4, 8, and 12 months using the Adaptive Behavior Scale (ABS) and the Minnesota Developmental Planning System; in the areas of Language Development, Domestic Activity, Antisocial Behavior, Social Interaction, Grooming, Responsibility, Recreation, and Vocational functioning.
Summary of Findings:Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance with client IQ (20 or below and above 20) as a grouping factor. The results based on the ABS, antisocial behavior decreased over time with clients with higher IQs. Increases in Language Development and Responsibility were seen across time for participants. With the Minnesota Scales, Social Interaction and Domestic Behavior showed an increase. No consistent changes were seen in Recreation, Grooming, and Vocational functioning scores. The study does not incorporate a control group.