Exhibit ES-2 Research Designs and Samples for the Seven Evaluation Sites

CharacteristicAtlantaGrand RapidsRiversideColumbusDetroitOklahoma CityPortland
Type of random assignmentThree-way (2 program groups, 1 control group)Three-way (2 program groups, 1 control group)Three-way (2 program groups, 1 control group)Three-way (2 program groups, 1 control group)Two-way (1 program group, 1 control group)Two-way (1 program group, 1 control group)Two-way (1 program group, 1 control group)
Point of random assignmentProgram orientationProgram orientationProgram orientationWelfare application or redeterminationProgram orientationWelfare applicationProgram orientation
Type of studyDifferential impacts of HCD and LFA approachesDifferential impacts of HCD and LFA approachesDifferential impacts of HCD and LFA approachesDifferential impacts of integrated and traditional case management strategiesNet impacts of established programNet impacts of established programNet impacts of established program
Sample composition (for this report)AFDC applicants and recipientsAFDC applicants and recipients; teen parents (ages 18 and 19)AFDC applicants and recipientsAFDC applicants and recipientsAFDC applicants and recipients; teen parents (ages 18 and 19)AFDC applicants; teen parents (ages 16 to 19)AFDC applicants and recipients
Age of sample members youngest child3133111