Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Part 4

12/31/1969

TITLE: Active Bacterial Core Surveillance

ACRONYM: ABCs

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: ABCs is an active, population-based laboratory surveillance system in areas in seven states (CA, OR, MN,

NY, CT, MD and GA) used to determine the incidence of five bacterial pathogens including Neisseria meningitis, Haemophilus influenza, Streptococcus pneumoniae, group A Streptococcus and group B Streptococcus. Data are available on the zip code, county, or state level and dates back to 1995 for all areas except NY (start date: July 1997). Data are reported to CDC monthly.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • telephone survey
  • direct interview
  • mailed survey
  • Fax

Data are originally collected by:

  • hospitals
  • reference laboratories

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available in the following categories and are retrieved from self-identification or the medical chart: Race categories are: White; Black; American Indian/Alaskan Native; Asian/Pacific Islander; Other; and Unknown. Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; Non-Hispanic; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON: Chris A. Van Beneden
404-371-5418
CvanBeneden@cdc.gov

 


TITLE: Active Surveillance for Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora

ACRONYM: FoodNet

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: FoodNet consists of active surveillance for foodborne diseases and related epidemiologic studies designed to help public health officials better understand the epidemiology of foodborne disease in the United States. FoodNet was established in 1995 in five locations: Minnesota, Oregon, and selected counties in California, Connecticut, and Georgia. It was expanded to selected counties in Maryland and New York in 1997, making the total population under surveillance 20.3 million or 8% of the U.S. population. FoodNet provides a network for responding to new and emerging foodborne diseases and identifying the source of specific foodborne diseases.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • direct interview
  • telephone interview

Data are originally collected by:

  • public health laboratories
  • a CDC/ATSDR Employee

Data are collected weekly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race/ethnicity is self identified and are as follows: Race categories are: American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian or Pacific Islander; Black; White; and Unknown. Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; Non-Hispanic; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Data are available from 1997 to the present and are available weekly. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON: Vance Dietz
vxd0@cdc.gov
(770) 488-7771


TITLE: Cholera

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Includes a brief description of clinical/epidemiologic circumstances of all laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera diagnosed in the U.S. Yearly totals reported to WHO. Information is available from at least 1991 onward.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • direct interview
  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • public health laboratories

Data are sent as needed.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: CDC internal use files only. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports

CONTACT PERSON: Eric Mintz
EMintz@cdc.gov
404-639-3461


TITLE: Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance System

ACRONYM: CJD

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The purpose is to collect brain autopsy material from persons with hemophilia and other bleeding disorders who died and who had received care in treatment centers anywhere in the U.S. This material is then examined for the purpose of CJD to help determine whether the disease can be transmitted through blood or blood products.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • Federal treatment centers

Data are sent as needed.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data are available using the following categories; White(non-Hispanic), White (Hispanic), Black (non-Hispanic), Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Other.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON: Bruce Evatt, M.D.
ble1@cdc.gov
(404) 639-3925

 


TITLE: Enterovirus Surveillance System

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: State public health laboratories have specimens submitted from a variety of clinical conditions from which enteroviruses are isolated and identified. These are primarily from cases of aseptic meningitis. Since 1967, these reports represent the only national information on the circulation of specific serotypes of these viruses.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • public health laboratories

Data are collected monthly. The smallest area of analysis possible is by state. Data are available from 19961.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files are available but will be moved to the Internet within the year. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • peer-reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Wanda B. Hall
WBHall@cdc.gov
404-498-1625

 


TITLE: Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network

ACRONYM: FoodNet

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: FoodNet consists of active surveillance for foodborne diseases and related epidemiologic studies designed to help public health officials better understand the epidemiology of foodborne disease in the United States. FoodNet was established in 1995 in five locations: Minnesota, Oregon, and selected counties in California, Connecticut, and Georgia and expanded to selected counties in Maryland and New York in 1997 (making the total population under surveillance is 20.3 million or 8% of the U.S. population). FoodNet provides a network for responding to new and emerging foodborne diseases, and identifying the source of specific foodborne diseases.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • telephone survey
  • direct interview
  • mailed survey
  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • independent microbiology reference laboratories

Data are collected monthly.

Data files contain data on: Other socio-demographic variables collected in this system that may explain racial and/or ethnic disparities include:

  • education
  • income

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available (Categories Unspecified).

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • peer reviewed journals
  • Internet

CONTACT PERSON: Frederick J. Angulo, Ph.D.
fja0@cdc.gov
(404) 639-2206

 


TITLE: Hemophilia Surveillance System

ACRONYM: HSS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The purpose is to identify all persons with Hemophilia in six states (CO, GA, LA, MA, NY, OK) and to characterize the population according to demographic and clinical features. The system uses active surveillance, and data are abstracted retrospectively from medical records.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • medical record abstraction

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • universities

Data are collected quarterly.

Other socio-demographic variables collected in this system that may explain racial and/or ethnic disparities include:

  • education

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data are available using the following categories; White(non-Hispanic), White (Hispanic), Black (non-Hispanic), Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Other.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports
  • peer reviewed journals
  • Internet

CONTACT PERSON: Bruce Evatt, M.D.
ble1@cdc.gov
(404) 639-3925

 


TITLE: Imported Dengue

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The system compiles information on dengue-like cases whose serum samples are sent by state public health laboratories for virus isolation or serologic testing. An annual report is published in the MMWR listing the number of cases submitted by state and number of laboratory-positive cases. It is clear that the system provides an undercount of imported dengue cases.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • Mailing of SERA

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health laboratories
  • state/local health departments

Data are sent as needed. Smallest area for analysis available is state. Years (in computer data base) available for analysis include 1988 to present; in paper, 1983 to present. The lag in publication time is usually 1-2 years.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This ongoing system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Jose G. Rigau, M.D., M.P.H.
jor1@cdc.gov
(787)766-5181


TITLE: Laboratory Surveillance of Cryptosporidium & Malaria via PHLIS

ACRONYM: PHLIS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Laboratory-based surveillance of cases of Cryptosporidium and malaria monitored in state and metropolitan public health laboratories and reported to CDC via Public Health Laboratory Information Systems (PHLIS).

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • public health laboratories

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race/ethnicity is self identified and are as follows: Race categories are: American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian or Pacific Islander; Black; White; and Unknown. Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; Non-Hispanic; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Data are available from 1997 to the present and are available weekly. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON: Allen W. Hightower
AHightower@cdc.gov
770-488-7731

 


TITLE: Minimal Data Set for Hemophilia Hemophilia Surveillance System

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The system is designed to identify all persons with hemophilia in six states (Colorado, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, New York, Oklahoma) and to characterize the population according to demographic and clinical features. The system uses active surveillance, and data are abstracted retrospectively from medical records.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • mailed survey

Data are originally collected by:

  • Federally funded treatment centers

Data are collected yearly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data are available using the following categories; White(non-Hispanic), White (Hispanic), Black (non-Hispanic), Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Other.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON:Mike Soucie
MSoucie@cdc.gov
404-371-5278


TITLE: National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System

ACRONYM: NARMS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Collects reports of isolates of Campylobacter from human sources from every state in the U.S. and the District of Columbia. Information is reported electronically through the Public Health Laboratory Information System (PHLIS). Approximately 3000 isolates are reported annually. NARMS is an active surveillance system that collects every 10th non-typhi Salmonella and Shigella isolate, every 5th E. coli isolate, and every Salmonella Typhi, Listeria, and Vibrio from 28 public health laboratories. At CDC, Salmonella, Shigella, and E. coli isolates are tested for resistance to 17 antimicrobials. In addition, 9 sites collect Campylobacter isolates, which are tested for resistance to 8 antimicrobials. Resistance is measured by mininum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Changes in MICs are compared over time to determine the level of antimicrobial resistance among these organisms in the United States.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • Electronic data reports

Data are originally collected by:

  • Federal Drug Administration (FDA)
  • US Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Independent microbiology reference labs
  • Private laboratories
  • hospitals
  • State health departments and public health laboratories
  • Research partners
  • universities

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and ethnicity data are not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • MMWR Reports and Recommendations
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Frederick J. Angulo
Fangulo@cdc.gov
404-371-5405


TITLE: National Bacterial Meningitis Reporting System

ACRONYM: NBMRS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • State/local health departments

Data are sent as needed.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available (Categories Unspecified).

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: CDC internal use files only. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Nancy Rosenstein
nar5@cdc.gov
(404) 639-4734


TITLE: National Campylobacter Surveillance System

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Collects reports of isolates of Campylobacter from human sources from every state in the U.S. and the District of Columbia. Information is reported electronically through the Public Health Laboratory Information System (PHLIS). Approximately 3000 isolates are reported annually.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • Electronic data reports

Data are originally collected by:

  • doctors and other health practitioners
  • medical centers and hospitals
  • managed care organizations
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • universities

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and ethnicity data are not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • MMWR Reports and Recommendations
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Patricia Griffin
(404) 639-2206


TITLE: National Malaria Surveillance System

ACRONYM: NMSS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Malaria cases diagnosed in the United States among U.S. and foreign residents

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health laboratories
  • managed care organizations
  • State Department
  • Department of Defense

Data are collected daily.

Files include data on: Other socio-demographic variables collected in this system that may explain racial and/or ethnic disparities include:

  • occupation

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Monica Parise
MParise@cdc.gov
(770) 488-7786

 


TITLE: National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System

ACRONYM: NNIS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Controland Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The NNIS system compiles information on nosocomial infections, infection rates, pathogens, and their antimicrobial susceptability profiles from 300 U.S. hospitals and are generally made available approximately one month after being collected.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • Laboratory chart review

Data are originally collected by:

  • hospitals

Data are collected monthly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results of data from this system can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • peer reviewed journals

WEB SITE: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/surveill/nnis.htm

CONTACT PERSON: Teresa C. Horan
THoran@cdc.gov
404-498-1114

 


TITLE: National Salmonella Surveillance System

ACRONYM: NSSS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Collects reports of isolates of Salmonella from human sources from every state in the U.S. and the District of Columbia. Information is reported electronically through the Public Health Laboratory Information System (PHLIS). Approximately 40,000 isolates are reported annually.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • Electronic data reports

Data are originally collected by:

  • doctors and other health practitioners
  • medical centers and hospitals
  • managed care organizations
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • State/local health departments
  • universities

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and ethnicity data are not available.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • journals

CONTACT PERSON: Patricia Griffin
(404) 639-2206

 


TITLE: National Surveillance of Dialysis-Associated Diseases in U.S.

ACRONYM: NSD

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: This is a yearly survey, done in collaboration with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), that collects data on infection control practices, and the frequency of certain dialysis-associated diseases and complications, among approximately 3,000 centers serving chronic hemodialysis patients.

Data are available approximately 1 year after collection.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • mailed survey

Data are originally collected by:

  • dialysis centers

Data are collected yearly, excluding 1998.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports
  • Internet (Hospital Infections Program home page)
  • peer reviewed journals

WEB SITE: http://cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/dialysis/dialysis96.htm

CONTACT PERSON: Jerome Tokars
JTokars@cdc.gov
404-498-1125


TITLE: National Surveillance System for Hospital Health Care Workers

ACRONYM: NaSH

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: NaSH compiles occupational exposures and infections among health-care workers. The system also collects epidemiologic information associated with these events so factors correlated with exposures and disease acquisition can be understood and preventive measures undertaken to reduce these exposures. CDC does not receive identifying information regarding the health-care workers included in NaSH who experience these infections or exposures.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data are collected using the following categories: White, not Hispanic; Black, not Hispanic; Hispanic; Asian or Pacific Islander; American Indian or Alaskan Native; Other race; Not collected.

NaSH protocol stipulates that the race/ethnicity should be what the HCW considers him/herself to be. Persons who identify themselves as Hispanic or Latino or who are from any of the countries of Central or South America, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, or the Dominican Republic are considered Hispanic. Persons who self-identify as being Afro-American or African-American are considered Black. However, there may be instances where the HCW has not selected his/her race/ethnicity for the purposes of NaSH data collection, as some NaSH hospitals are transferring their race/ethnicity data from other data collection systems. Further, not all hospitals collect this information within their Employee Health Service, as shown in NaSH data as of October 15, 1998.

 

  No. %
(round to 1/10%)
White 14,978 29.0%
Black 7,240 14.0%
Hispanic 3,372 6.5%
Asian/Pac Is 2,540 4.9%
Am Ind/Al Nat 88 0.2%
Other Race 1,470 2.9%
Not Collected 21,874 42.4%
TOTAL 51,562  

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: CDC internal use files only. Interpreted results can be accessed through external reports.

CONTACT PERSON: Teresa C. Horan
THoran@cdc.gov
404-498-1114


TITLE: National Surveillance for Domestic Arboviral Encephalitis Cases in Humans

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The system monitors passive reporting of domestic arboviral enchephalitis cases by state health departments via the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. The data are used to monitor trends in disease incidence and reporting practices.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health laboratories
  • State/local health departments

Data are collected weekly and are available from 1964 to the present. County-level detail (the smallest area of analysis possible) is available only from 1996 to the present. This system collects and publishes preliminary reports each week in the MMWR, while a final official report is available also through the MMWR approximately a year after the original collection year.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race categories are: Native American/Alaskan Native; Asian/Pacific Islander; Afro American; White; Other; and Unknown. Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; Not Hispanic; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • Internet

CONTACT PERSON: Grant L Campbell
GLCampbell@cdc.gov
970-221-6459


TITLE: Parasitic Diseases Drug Service

ACRONYM: PDDS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The Parasitic Diseases Drug Service makes available essential anti-parasitic drugs that otherwise could not be obtained by U.S. physicians. Information on efficacy and adverse effects of these drugs is compiled and reported annually to the FDA. In addition, because CDC is the sole source of these medications, the system serves as a U.S. surveillance system for the rare infections treated with these agents. The system has been in operation since 1967, although the specific medications carried by the drug service change periodically, depending on the status of U.S. licensing and availability.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • direct interview
  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses

Data are sent as needed.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Minimal race and/or ethnicity data available for 1967-1995. Some race/ethnicity data available for subsequent years. Current categories include white/Caucasian, black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander, Native American and Alaska Native

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Also not specified is the time after data collection when information may be available, but generally this interval will be at least 18 months. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • MMWR Reports and Recommendations
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Anne Moore
aym2@cdc.gov
(770) 488-7776


TITLE: Plague

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Clinical, epidemiologic and ecologic information on presumptive and confirmed cases of Plague is reported to CDC by State Departments of Health. Basic descriptive statistical analyses are performed on this data, such as regional and county specific incidence rates. Plague is also one of three internationally quarantinable diseases. Confirmed cases are reported to the Division of Quarantine, CDC, for reporting to the World Health Organization.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events
  • Collect animals/flea

Data are originally collected by:

  • individuals by self-report
  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • state/local health departments
  • universities
  • IHS
  • USDA
  • NPS

Data are sent as needed.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. In general, the U.S. plague case data (about 400 cases over the past 40 years) are specified to race/ethnicity as follows (the designations have changed somewhat as shown in parentheses). We have left the designations as they were originally recorded over the past 4 decades and have made no effort to update them to fit current styles: White (or Caucasian, Non-Hispanic); Hispanic (or Caucasian, Hispanic); Indian; (now Native American, listed by tribe whenever possible, for ex. AIN = American Indian Navajo, American Indian Pueblo, etc.) Oriental (now would be referred to as Asian--only one such case); Pacific Islander (only one such person--from the Phillipines). Please note that there are no Black cases on the list. If such a case did occur, however, we would undoubtedly record it as Black for race/ethnicity.

STATUS: This system collects data actively and passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • MMWR Reports and Recommendations
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Ken Gage
klg0@cdc.gov
(970) 221-6450


TITLE: Public Health Laboratory Information System

ACRONYM: PHLIS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: This system is a laboratory-based surveillance of cases of Cryptosporidium and malaria monitored in state and metropolitan public health laboratories and reported to CDC via Public Health Laboratory Information Systems (PHLIS).

Methods of data collection for this system include: notification of cases/events through electronic data reports, laboratory measurements and voluntary reporting by states.

Data are originally collected by: public health laboratories

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: PHLIS supports the collection and transmission of race and ethnicity data but this information is generally not available through state-based laboratory reporting systems.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • MMWR Reports and Recommendations
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Allen W.Hightower
AHightower@cdc.gov
(770-488-7731)


TITLE: Sentinel Site Laboratory-Based Surveillance for Cyclospora

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The system is a laboratory-based surveillance for the identification of Cyclospora by sentinel laboratories in eight states and the District of Columbia.

Methods of data collection for this system include: telephone interview survey

Data are originally collected by:

  • hospitals
  • public health laboratories
  • universities
  • a CDC/ATSDR Employee

Data are collected weekly and monthly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON: Allen W.Hightower
AHightower@cdc.gov
(770-488-7731)


TITLE: Sentinel Counties Surveillance for Acute Study of Viral Hepatitis 

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The Sentinel Counties Study of Viral Hepatitis enrolls all patients with acute hepatitis reported to six County Health Departments: Jefferson County (Birmingham), Alabama; Denver County (Denver), Colorado; Multnomah County (Portland), Oregon; Pinellas County (St. Petersburg), Florida; Pierce County (Tacoma) Washington; and San Francisco County (San Francisco), California. Serum specimens and extensive clinical and risk factor information are obtained for all enrolled patients. The system is used to monitor incidence trends and transmission patterns for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and other emerging viral hepatitis infections. In addition, the system is used to monitor the effectiveness of prevention and control programs for these diseases.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • telephone survey
  • direct interview
  • serological specimens mailing of SERA
  • case identification forms
  • death certificate review
  • electronic data reports

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • state/local health departments
  • managed care organizations

Data are collected daily and sent to CDC as needed.

The smallest area of analysis is the county. Data are available from this surveillance system since 1982.

Data generally become available to CDC within a month of the time of collection at the county level.

Files contain other socio-demographic variables collected in this system that may explain racial and/or ethnic disparities include:

  • education
  • income

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race/Ethnicity data are currently available using the following categories: White (not of Hispanic origin); Black (not of Hispanic origin); American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian or Pacific Islander; Hispanic; and Unknown. Cases are asked to identify which race/ethnic group best describes them.

STATUS: This system collects data actively and passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: CDC internal use files only. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Wanda B. Hall
WBHall@cdc.gov
(404)498-1625


TITLE: Statistical Outbreak Detection Algorithm

ACRONYM: SODA (previously Salmonel)

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: SODA (Statistical Outbreak Detection Algorithms) is a tool developed for the Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch of the CDC. Pathogen information (Salmonella, Shigella and E. coli) received via PHLIS (Public Health Laboratory Information System) is exported and processed by the application on a daily basis to detect anomalies or unusual clusters in the reported versus expected isolate counts at the state, regional and National levels. The application utilizes a Cumulative Sums algorithm commonly used in the manufacturing industry. The algorithm compares weekly laboratory confirmed isolate counts with a baseline of the previous 5 years. The output is a statistical measure that when greater than .5 signifies a quantifiable difference which is then ""Flagged"" for review by the Foodborne staff.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • Electronic data reports

Data are originally collected by:

  • doctors and other health practitioners
  • medical centers and hospitals
  • managed care organizations
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • State/local health departments
  • universities

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and ethnicity data are not available.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • journals

CONTACT PERSON: Robert B. Hoekzema
Rhoekzema@cdc.gov
509-354-8003


TITLE: Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Haemophilus Influenzae

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The system provides an active, laboratory based mechanism for identifying cases of SP and HFLU. Patterns and rates of disease cases are used to monitor and modify prevention strategies to examine risk factors for disease, and to monitor trends in the development of anti-microbial resistance of isolates. Conducted in the state of Alaska.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • hospitals
  • IHS

Data are sent as needed.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available (Categories Unspecified).

STATUS: This system collects data Actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Alan Parkinson
ajp1@cdc.gov
(907) 729-3407


TITLE: Surveillance for Giardia

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Regular voluntary reporting by selected states of the number of cases of Giardia detected in their state.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • individuals by self-report
  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • state/local health departments
  • universities
  • managed care organizations
  • a CDC/ATSDR Employee

Data are collected yearly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race/ethnicity is self identified. Race categories are: American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian or Pacific Islander; Black; White; Unknown; Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; Non-Hispanic; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Data are available yearly. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Allen W. Hightower
AHightower@cdc.gov
770-488-7731


TITLE: Surveillance for Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia Treatment Failures

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Hospital-based surveillance of treatment outcome among appropriately treated laboratory-confirmed Pneumacystis Carinii Pneumonia in HIV positive individuals.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • direct interview
  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • hospitals

Data are collected daily.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race/ethnicity is self identified and are collected by category. Race/ethnicity categories are: White; Non-Hispanic; Black, Non-Hispanic; Hispanic/Latino; American Indian/Alaskan Native Asian/Pacific Islander; Other; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Data are available from 1997 to the present and are available daily. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports

CONTACT PERSON: Allen W. Hightower
AHightower@cdc.gov
770-488-7731


TITLE: Surveillance for Trichinosis

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

PURPOSE: This system monitors trends in Trichinosis. Methods of data collection for this system include notification of case(s)/events. Data are originally collected by:

  • individuals by self-report
  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • public health laboratories
  • state/local health departments
  • universities
  • managed care organizations
  • a CDC/ATSDR Employee

Data are collected yearly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race/ethnicity is self identified. Race categories are: American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian or Pacific Islander; Black; White; and Unknown. Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; Non-Hispanic; and Unknown.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: No data release policy specified. Data are available weekly. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • peer reviewed journals

CONTACT PERSON: Peter M.Schantz
PSchantz@cdc.gov
770-488-7767


TITLE: Unexplained Deaths and Serious Illnesses Surveillance

ACRONYM: N/A

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: This system includes surveillance for unexplained deaths and serious illnesses conducted at 4 Emerging Infections Program (EIP) Network sites. Cases are defined as previously healthy persons aged 1 through 49 years with illnesses caused by possible infectious causes. Surveillance personnel collect, aliquot and store available clinical specimens from enrolled patients. Limited epidemiologic and clinical information are entered into an electronic database, and the medical record is copied and archived.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • telephone survey
  • medical record abstraction
  • laboratory chart review

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • state/local health departments

Data are collected monthly and sent as needed.

Files contain data on other socio-demographic variables collected in this system that may explain racial and/or ethnic disparities include:

  • occupation

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available (Categories Unspecified).

STATUS: This system collects data actively and passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: CDC internal use files only. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports

CONTACT PERSON: Marc Fischer
MFischer@cdc.gov
404-639-1267


TITLE: Universal Data Collection and Serum Specimen Collection System

ACRONYM: UDC

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The purpose is to collect prospective clinical data on persons with hemophilia and other bleeding disorders in the U.S. who receive at least some of their care from federally sponsored hemophilia treatment centers. Surveillance data are collected by medical care providers once per year at the time of the clinical visit.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • medical record abstraction

Data are originally collected by:

  • Federal treatment centers

Data are collected weekly.

Files contain data on other socio-demographic variables collected in this system that may explain racial and/or ethnic disparities include:

  • education

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. This list above is a tabulation of those listed as "Other" on the surveillance forms. These are self descriptions by the participants and are non-standardized categories. Often mixed combinations, i.e., Chinese-Hispanic-German-French, these can not be placed in the standardized CDC classifications.

STATUS: This system collects data passively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports

WEB SITE: http://cdc.gov/ncidod/dastlr/hematology.htm

CONTACT PERSON: J. Michael Soucie
MSoucie@cdc.gov
404-371-5278

 


TITLE: U.S. Influenza Sentinel Physician Surveillance Network

ACRONYM:

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Approximately 1400 physician around the country report each week the total number of patients seen and the number of those patients with influenza-like illness by age group

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • notification of case(s)/events

Data are originally collected by:

  • private/doctors or nurses
  • hospitals
  • public health clinics
  • state/local health departments
  • universities
  • managed care organizations

Data are collected daily but are sent weekly to CDC.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected. The following data is collected:

  • Physician ID code (sentinel site indentifier)
  • Date or date code for the week of reporting
  • Number with influenza-like illness during that reporting week by age group:
    • 0-4
    • 5-24
    • 25-64
    • >64
  • Total number of patient visits for the week.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • internal reports
  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries

WEB SITE: A weekly summary is written on this information as well as three other components of surveillance and placed at the following Internet site: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/flu/weekly.htm

CONTACT PERSON: Raj Srinivas
404-371-5355
RSrinivas@cdc.gov

 


TITLE: Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Program

ACRONYM: VHSP

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: The Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Program compiles clinical, serologic, and epidemiologic data on cases of hepatitis A, B, and C. In addition, the system is used to monitor the effectiveness of prevention and control programs for these diseases.

Data are collected daily and weekly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data available. Race categories are: American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian or Pacific Islander; Black; White; and Unknown. Ethnicity categories are: Hispanic; non-Hispanic; and Unknown. The method of identifying race/ethnicity is unspecified, but case reports are usually completed by health department personnel in state and local agencies who often interview the patient in completing the case investigation.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: Public use data files available. Interpreted results can be accessed through:

  • external reports
  • MMWR Weekly Reports
  • MMWR Surveillance Summaries
  • MMWR Reports and Recommendations
  • peer reviewed journals

WEB SITE: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/resource/index.htm

CONTACT PERSON: Cassaundra L. Hayes
404-371-5483
CHayes@cdc.gov


TITLE: Waterborne Diseases Outbreak Surveillance System

ACRONYM: WBDOSS

AGENCY/PROGRAM: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DESCRIPTION: Reports from states are collated and summarized every two years. Trends in outbreaks are summarized by the type of contaminant and by the type of water that was contaminated.

Methods of data collection for this system include:

  • mailed/faxed survey

Data are originally collected by:

  • state/local health departments

Data are collected yearly.

RACE/ETHNICITY: Race and/or Ethnicity data not collected.

STATUS: This system collects data actively.

HOW TO ACCESS DATA: CDC internal use files only. Interpreted results can be accessed through MMWR Surveillance Summaries.

CONTACT PERSON: Deborah Vevy
DLevy@cdc.gov
770-488-7762